Vermont Section, Antietam National Cemetery, Sharpsburg, Va.

Background.

Richard Barry was born in Brownington, Vermont on the day after Christmas in 1928. His first ten years of life were spent, as were the lives of most farm kids of the time, fishing, walking the wooded hills and eventually attending school in a one room schoolhouse in the town of Barton, two hundred feet from his back door. Much of his childhood had in fact been spent in the schoolhouse when class was in session and osmosis worked to fill his head and mind with facts that are normally not available to three year olds. Because of this environment, he was an avid reader before he was old enough to go to school, He would spend hours browsing through the huge Webster's Unabridged Dictionary that was a prominent fixture in all one room schools of the time. At first, only the pictures but, eventually, the text. The small school library was a treasury of knowledge which was soon exhausted. Christmas presents were always books, books and more books, gifts of which he never tired.

His favorite subjects were tales of combat and war. Not that it is to be inferred that there was to be found some pleasure in death and the horrors of battle, but, the technical aspects and the ebb and flow of the major battles were fascinating. He could not wait to be old enough to enlist.

Finally, two days after his 17th birthday in 1945, he was able to enlist in the army. After being sworn in, he was sent to New Orleans, LA for basic training, finally ended up in Italy for six months and was discharged in 1947.

After nine months as a civilian it was back to the army and an assignment that was to plant the seed for the "Barry Report. " The assignment was to the WWII Repatriation Program which was a program to disinter the casualties of WWII from all over the world and return them to their homes for burial in their family cemeteries.

The training was concerned with providing information on the conduct of funeral ceremonies; flag presentation, and interface with the bereaved families. More significant were the data derived from the inspection and evaluation of the bodies. Every significant fact, including fingerprints and dental x-rays were employed to verify the identity of the deceased.

He had become particularly interested in the Civil War during his reading of things military and was always amazed by the number of casualties generated by the battles. But, from a modern perspective, even the sheer numbers of dead could be dealt with.

The seed was planted for the project in 1999 when Richard Colburn of West Charleston, Vermont presented Richard's sister with a "Catalog of Brownington Cemeteries. " He read the catalog and was immediately struck by the fact that a very high percentage of the listed burials were of Civil War soldiers, Far greater in fact, than those of any other war.

After extensive research, Richard Barry wrote "From the Clyde to the Appomattox" a history and the burial places of Civil War soldiers from the Towns surrounding Charleston, Vermont which was delivered to the Charleston Historical Society in May 2000. An even more ambitious project was envisioned following this initial report. The new work would document the burial site of all known Civil War soldiers from the State of Vermont who are interred in all national cemeteries.

The "Barry Report, " when completed will be the most comprehensive of any listing of soldiers exclusively from the State of Vermont who served their country with gallantry and honor from 1861 to 1866, and also, those, who subsequent to the war, were buried in the national cemeteries.

The project, which consumed hundreds of hours of research, has taken the better part of two years and involved a line-by-line perusal of over a half million individual line entries in period documents and VA burial records. The project is finally taking shape thanks to the assistance of Tom Ledoux, Webmaster of The Vermont Civil War Website who kindly provided a copy of the 1892 Revised Report of the Vermont Adjutant General, the aforementioned Richard Colburn whose cemetery catalogs served to prime the research pump, and also, sincere appreciation for the patience of my wife who nurtured me through a period when I appeared to be consumed with research about and tables of deceased soldiers.

Hopefully, this document will assist researchers or descendants of Civil War soldiers to locate the final resting place of the soldiers from the State of Vermont who are buried in the National Cemeteries of the United States.

More detail regarding the national cemetery system and the source of the names listed in the various national cemeteries may be found in the preface to this report.

Santa Maria, California

13 November, 2002


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A Special Research Project created especially for Vermont in the Civil War
by Richard Barry, a Green Mountain Boy!