ROLL OF HONOR

(NO. X)




NAMES OF SOLDIERS

WHO DIED IN

DEFENCE OF THE AMERICAN UNION

INTERRED IN THE

NATIONAL CEMETERIES

AND OTHER BURIAL PLACES

AT


BROOKLINE, CAMBRIDGE, AND WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS;
BUFFALO, CHAUTAUQUA, CYPRESS HILLS, (ADDITIONAL, ) FORT NIAGARA,
LOCKPORT, LODI, MADISON BARRACKS, PLATTSBURG
BARRACKS, AND ROCHESTER, NEW YORK;
GETTYSBURG, MERCERSBURG, READING, PHILADELPHIA, TAMAQUA, AND
UPTON, PENNSYLVANIA;
BRATTLEBORO AND MONTPELIER, VERMONT;
CITY POINT (ADDITIONAL, ) DANVILLE, (ADDITIONAL, ) GLENDALE,
RICHMOND, AND YORKTOWN (ADDITIONAL, ) VIRGINIA



"Though mixed with earth, their perishable clay,
   Their names shall live while glory loves to tell,
True to their country, how they won the day,
   How firm the heroes stood, how calm they fell. "


WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.
1868


GENERAL ORDERSQUARTERMASTER GENERAL’S OFFICE
No. 19Washington, D. C. , June 8, 1868

The following volume (XVIth) of the "Rolls of Honor, " prepared in the cemetery branch of this office under the direction of Brevet Brig. General A. J. PERRY, Q. M. , U. S. A. , containing alphabetical lists of names of United States soldiers interred at

Brookline, Cambridge, Chelsea, and Worcester, Massachusetts; Buffalo, Chautauqua, Cypress Hills, Fort Niagara, Lockport, Lodi, Madison Barracks, Plattsburg Barracks, and Rochester, New York; Gettysburg, Mercersburg, Philadelphia, Reading, Tamaqua, and Upton, Pennsylvania; Brattleboro and Montpelier, Vermont; City Point, Danville, Glendale, Richmond, and Yorktown, Virginia; is published by authority of the Secretary of War for the information of their surviving comrades and friends.

M. C. MEIGS
Quartermaster General. , U. S. A.
Brevet Major General.


QUARTERMASTER'S OFFICE,
Washington, D. C. , May 28, 1868.


Bv't Maj. Gen'l D. H. Rucker
   Acting Quartermaster General, U. S. A. ,
      Washington , D. C.

GENERAL:

I have the honor to transmit herewith, for publication, the names of United States soldiers interred in the following places, Viz:

Brookline, Cambridge, Chelsea, and Worcester, Massachusetts;

Buffalo, Chautauqua, Cypress Hills, Fort Niagara, Lockport, Lodi, Madison Barracks, Plattsburg Barracks, and Rochester, New York;

Gettysburg, Mercersburg, Reading, Philadelphia, Tamaqua, and Upton, Pennsylvania;

Brattleboro' and Montpelier, Vermont;

And City Point, Danville, Glendale, Richmond , and Yorktown, Virginia.

These lists, prepared in the cemeteries branch of this office, with a brief history of each Cemetery, contain 20, 440 names, and will constitute the XVIth volume of the "Roll of Honor. "

Very Respectfully,
   Your obedient servant,
      ALEX. J. PERRY,
   Bv't Brig. Genl, Q, M. , U. S. A.


QUARTERMASTER GENERAL'S OFFICE
Washington, D. C. , May 27, 1868.

Brevet Brig. Gen. A. J. Perry,
   Q. M. U. S, A, , Washington, D. C.

Sir:

I. I have the honor to forward herewith, for publication, the records of interments of United States soldiers at the National Cemeteries at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and at Richmond and Glendale, Virginia, together with those at many of the smaller Cemeteries in the States of Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and Vermont, and a number of names ( additional to those heretofore published) of those buried in the Cemeteries at Cypress Hill, near Brooklyn, New York, and at City Point, Danville, and Yorktown, Virginia, together with brief histories of the more important of such Cemeteries-- the whole constituting the XVIth volume of the "Rolls of Honor. "

II. A portion of the names contained in the record of " Richmond National Cemetery, ") in this volume have previously been published in volumes XII and XIV of the " Roll of Honor;" but the record not only contains many names since added, but differs from either of theses previously printed volumes, in having the number and section of the graves attached to all the names. The bodies previously reported were those buried at Belle Isle, Hollywood , and Oakwood Cemeteries, which bodies have since been removed and re-interred in the National Cemetery at Richmond, under the direction of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel J. M. Moore, Chief Quartermaster First Military District,

III. Of the 20, 440 graves enumerated in this volume, the names of those buried in 8, 625 ( about 42 per cent ) are known, of those in 11, 815 ( about 52 per cent) are unknown. The proportion of known is thus less than one-half or about 25 per cent. Less than that which generally holds good throughout the country, which is thought to be about two-thirds known and one-third unknown. The extraordinarily small percentage of known in this volume arises from the circumstance that the graces herein enumerated, particularly in Virginia, are mostly those of soldiers who fell in the early part of the war, ( in Virginia of those who fell in the campaign of 1862 on the peninsula. ) Owing to the fact that these graves were only temporarily marked, and that the whole region where they wee buried was not again in the possession of our forces for a period of two years, it has been impossible, in most cases, to identify the remains.

IV. This volume ( the XVIth of the Roll of Honor) increases the total number of graves now recorded in printed form to about 155, 000. Of the occupants of these graves, about 100, 000 appear to be known, leaving about 55, 000 as yet unknown. Many of these unknown remains were no doubt marked by their friends or comrades at the time of their burial, and records of the names of many others were doubtless made at the time, (where buried in groups or from hospitals) and may have been preserved ( in connections with plans and schedules of the position of the graves) by the immediate friends of the dead, the officers in command of the burial squads, or the surgeons in charge of the field hospitals. It is desirable that all persons who may have such records in their possession should know that it is the wish of this department to recover and make use of all such means of identification; that the lists or plans may be forwarded to the Quartermaster General at Washington, free of postage; and that when they are received immediate steps shall be taken to establish the identity of the remains, to enclose and properly decorate the graves, and to have the name and place recorded in printed form.

V. It is supposed that there yet remains to be printed the records of about 150, 00 graves of the deceased soldiers and prisoners of war belonging to the Union armies, making an aggregate of 305, 00 graves; and that of this whole number of 305, 00o graves, the names of 100, 000 of the occupants will not at present, if ever, be recovered.

VI. The whole number of soldiers who have fallen in the ranks of the Union armies for the suppression of the rebellion is supposed to be about 355, 000, exceeding the number of recognized graves by 50, 000. This number of men, whose graves are not recognized as in existence, either as known or unknown, is supposed to be made up approximately as follows; viz:

1. Killed in battle and never buried25, 000
2. Drowned5, 000
3. Graves in remote localities and not yet found15, 000
4. Graves covered by deposits of gravel and sand made by
the Mississippi river and its tributaries in floods
2, 000
5. Graves carried away by the caving in of banks of the
The same
3, 000
Total50, 000

The number of those who died in their homes, after being mustered out, from wounds or disease contracted while in the service, is not embraced by any of the above enumerations.

VII. The lists to be printed in future will contain the names of most of the soldiers buried in the States of West Virginia, North and South Carolina, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, Iowa, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and the various Territories, and of such portion of those buried in the States of Virginia, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, and Tennessee, as have not heretofore been printed.

VIII. When all of these have been printed in a detached form, similar to the present, it will be very desirable that the whole work be reprinted in a consolidated form, the names of the soldiers to be arranged according to the States to which they belonged and alphabetically under each State, giving the name of the Cemetery where each is buried, with the number of section and grave. This will enable the locality of the grave of any soldier to be found at once, without looking through the lists of some three hundred Cemeteries, contained in some thirty volumes, which would otherwise be necessary. This reprinting will also admit of the correction of many errors in the spelling of the names, and the "company, " "regiment, " and "date of death, " which have found their way into the present lists. These errors were unavoidable, owing to the fact that the lists, as now printed, were originally copied from the rude head boards erected in the field, , or from partially illegible records of the rebel prisons, and have been recopied by many different hands before printing. Such errors can be corrected only by a careful and thorough comparison of the lists, as now printed, with the records and muster rolls in the offices of the Adjutant General and Surgeon General of the United States, and of the Adjutant General of the several loyal States. By this means, and by a zealous use of all other manifold means of correction and identification which can be derived from the friends of the parties and countless other sources, many blanks, now so painful to the friends of the deceased "unknown" may be filled up, and a record provided which will be worthy of the nation, and which will gratify many generations of the descendants of the brave men therein commemorated.

IX. I would there fore respectfully recommend, as soon as the pressure for the completion of the outdoor work on the National Cemeteries is over, that a zealous and conscientious officer be detailed, so long as needed, for this duty of perfecting the final revision and republication of these lists of the loyal dead.

I am, very respectfully,
   Your obedient servant,

      CHARLES W. FOLSOM,
         Brevet Colonel, A. Q. M. Vols.


CYPRESS HILL(S) NATIONAL CEMETERY LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK.

This Cemetery is situated about three miles east of the city of Brooklyn, Long Island, and forms part of the City Cemetery.

The portion of ground set apart for the burial of deceased Union soldiers is divided into five sections, two on the south and three on the north side of what is known as "Cypress Way. "

It is situated in a very beautiful locality near the western entrance of the enclosure, facing the Williamsburg plank road, upon a high and rolling piece of ground, and contains about two acres.

Interments of deceased Union soldiers in this Cemetery commenced in April 1862.

This Cemetery is enclosed by the fence which surrounds the entire grounds, and a lodge has been erected for the accommodation of the superintendent appointed to take charge of the grounds.

The bodies interred in this cemetery were brought from the various hospitals and camps in and around New York city during the rebellion.

The number of bodies buried here is as follows, viz:

Number of officers known5 (white)
Number of soldiers known3, 002 (white)
Number of soldiers known190 (colored}
Number of soldiers unknown78 (white)
Number of soldiers unknown2 (colored)
Total3, 277

NATIONAL CEMETERY, GETTYSBURG, PENN.

This Cemetery is located on the battle field of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and embraces that portion of the ground occupied by the centre of the Union line of battle on the 2nd and 3rd of July, 1863. It is on the west side of the Baltimore turnpike, and occupies one of the most prominent and important positions on the field.

The battle of Gettysburg was fought on the 2nd and 3rd of July, 1863, between the armies of General George G. Meade and the rebel General Robert E. Lee.

The grounds of this Cemetery embrace an area of about 17 acres; they are beautifully located, and command an extensive view of the surrounding country, which is highly picturesque. They are laid out in lots for each State, proportionate in size to the number of known graves belonging to each. They are enclosed by a well built stone wall, surmounted with heavy dressed capping stone, with a gateway of ornamental iron work.

A lodge for the accommodation of the keeper has also been built.

At the head of each row of graves, a continuous head stone runs around the semicircle, upon which, opposite his grave, is cut the name of each soldier who is known.

This Cemetery was consecrated, by appropriate and imposing ceremonies on the 19th of November, 1863, when an ovation was delivered by Hon. Edward Everett, and a short dedicatory address by President Lincoln.

It is under the charge of a corporation, being controlled by the " Board of Managers" of the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettysburg, consisting of such commissions from each State represented in the Cemetery, who is appointed by the governor of the same.

The title of the land thus occupied is held by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in trust for the several States represented, in perpetuity, for the purpose to which it is now applied.

It was purchased in August, 1863, about two months after the battle, through the exertions of Governor Andrew G. Curtin, of Pennsylvania.

Governor Curtin appointed as his agent the Hon. David Wills, of Gettysburg, under whose direction the whole work has been done and in whose immediate charge the Cemetery now remains.

It is designed to erect an imposing monument, sixty feet in height, in the centre of the semicircle, the cornerstone of which was laid with appropriate ceremonies on the 4th of July, 1865, when an oration was delivered by Major General O. O. Howard.

The number of internments made in the Cemetery is as follows, viz:
Number known2, 533
Number unknown979
Total3, 512


SOLDIER'S CEMETERY AT BRATTLEBORO', VERMONT.

The soldiers' graves at Brattleboro' are situated on "Cemetery Hill, " in the extreme southern portion of the grounds owned by the "Prospect Hill Cemetery Association. " The lot containing them is owned by the United States, and contains about 1, 500 square feet.

The ground is high, rolling, and picturesque. The lot is enclosed by a substantial wooden fence, and contains 18 graves, (16 known and 2 unknown) which are marked with suitable head boards in good condition.


div align=center>SOLDIER'S CEMETERY AT MONTPELIER, VERMONT

This Cemetery consists of one lot, about 15 feet square, set apart for the interment of deceased Union soldiers in the "Green Mountain Cemetery, " about three fourths of a mile west of Montpelier , Vermont.

The lot is on rolling ground, beautifully situated, near the bank of the Winooski or Onion river. The land was deeded to the United States by the town of Montpelier for its present purpose.

It is enclosed by a substantial picket fence, in good condition, and contains two graves, which are marked by suitable headboards.


NATIONAL CEMETERY, CITY POINT, VIRGINIA.

This Cemetery is situated on the road to Petersburg, about one and a half miles from City Point, Prince George's County, Virginia, and about 9 miles from Petersburg.

The surrounding country is generally level. The Cemetery itself is beautifully located on a slight eminence some 45 feet above the Appomattox river, one mile from the confluence of the James and Appomattox, at a point where a commanding view is had for several miles up and down these rivers, and over the surrounding country.

It is very near the ground used for the general field hospitals of the army of the Potomac during the siege of Petersburg, in 1864.

The Cemetery contains 7 ½ acres, and has been laid off in the form of a square, with a semi-circular entrance; it is divided into six sections by avenues, and is provided with excellent drainage.

It is enclosed by a picket fence, in good order, and the graves are all sodded and provided with suitable head boards, properly inscribed.

The interments made are in the number as follows, viz:
Known2, 758
Unknown1, 284
Total5, 142

The burial of deceased Union soldiers in this Cemetery was begun in July, 1862, and was completed in September, 1867, under the direction of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel James M. Moore, C. Q. M. . 1st Military district of Richmond, Virginia.

Those bodies which were not originally buried here were removed from a burial ground at City Point, established shortly after the occupation of that place by the United States forces and from a site appropriated for cemeteries purposes during the war at Point of Rocks, also five miles up the Appomattox river.


GLENDALE NATIONAL CEMETERY, VIRGINIA.

This Cemetery is located on the Quaker road, two miles from Malvern Hill, and 14 miles from Richmond, Virginia.

This was the immediate vicinity of the fight called " the battle of Nelson's farm, " or " Glendale, " which was fought on the afternoon of June 30, 1862, being the fifth day of the seven days fighting, on the retreat of the army of the Potomac to Harrison's Landing, under General McClellan.

The " Battle of Malvern Hill, " which was fought July 1, 1862, took place two miles further east on the following day.

The surrounding country is gently undulating, well timbered, and in a good state of cultivation.

The site selected for the Cemetery is laid off in the form of a circle, and divided into four sections. In the centre is raised a mound, on which is erected a flagstaff, where the national colors are daily displayed.

The entire enclosure composes 2 1/10 acres, and is surrounded by a paling fence, in good order.

Operations in this Cemetery began May 7, 1866, and were completed July 14, 1866, under the direction of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel James M. Moore, C. Q. M. 1st Military District.

Each grave is distinctly marked by a neat white tablet, bearing the name, rank, regiment, &c. , of the deceased soldier.

The bodies interred in the Cemetery were principally collected from Malvern Hill, Frazier's farm, Charles City C. H. , &c. , and are in numbers as follows, viz;
Known237
Unknown960
Total1, 197


YORKTOWN NATIONAL CEMETERY, VA.

This Cemetery is located on the extension of the Williamsburg or main telegraph road, leading from Yorktown to Fortress Monroe, Va.

It is about three-quarters of a mile from Yorktown, and about half a mile from the York river, and the same distance from the fortifications.

The ground is undulating and rises some 45 feet above the York river. The site taken is the most suitable one for cemeterial purposes in that vicinity, and is within a hundred yards of the spot where the British surrendered to the American forces in October, 1781.

The ground was within the rebel lines during the siege of Yorktown, in April and May 1862, but was outside of their interior main work or citadel.

This Cemetery covers 2 ½ acres of ground, and is in excellent condition. , It is divided into sections, intersected by walks and avenues, well graded and graveled. There is a mound in the centre of the grounds, on which a flag staff has been erected.

Each grave is provided with a head board, properly inscribed.

The Cemetery is surrounded by a substantial picket fence, five feet high, in good order, and trees and shrubbery abound.

Interments of deceased Union soldiers began July 13, 1866, and were completed February 23, 1867, under the direction of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel James M. Moore, C. Q, M. 1st Military District of Richmond, Virginia.

The bodies interred here were removed principally from the White House landing, King and Queens Court-house, Cumberland landing, West Point, and Warwick Court-house, Virginia, and number as follows, viz:
Known746
Unknown1, 434
Total2, 180


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