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George G. Benedict's "Vermont in the Civil War"
Table of Contents


Chapter I.

North and South on the eve of War-The Early Days of 1861-Reluctance of the Vermonters to believe in the possibility of War-Governor Fairbanks's Apprehensions-A Warning from Governor Andrew-Salutes to the Union-Governor Fairbanks pledges the Support of Vermont to the Government. (pages 1-7)

Chapter II.

The State unprepared for War-Decadence of the Militia-Efforts to Revive the Militia in 1856-The Brandon and Montpelier Musters of 1858 and 1860-The Militia of 1860-Military Property of the States, January, 1861-Secession Movements-Judge Smalley's Charge to a New York Grand Jury-Senator Collamer's Bill to Close Southern Ports-Attitude of Representatives of Vermont in Congress-Preparations for War-General Order No. 10-The Peace Conference-Accession of Abraham Lincoln. (pages 8-16)

Chapter III.

The Call to Arms-The Governor's First War Proclamation-Detail of Militia for the First Regiment-Procurement of Arms-A Notable War Meeting-Popular Feeling in the State-Special Session of the Legislature-Appropriation of a Million Dollars-Other War Measures-Unanimity of the Legislature and People. (pages 17-27)

Chapter IV. (1st Vermont Infantry)

Organization of the First Regiment-Sketches of the Field Officers-Camp Fairbanks-Delays in Mustering-Off at Last for the War-General Scott's opinion of the Vermonters-Reception at Troy and in New York-Voyage to Fortress Monroe-Quarters in the Hygeia Hotel-Expedition to Hampton-Occupation of Newport News. (pages 28-61)

Chapter V. (2nd Vermont Infantry)

Organization of the Regiment-Sketches of its Field and Staff-Departure for the War-Receptions on the Way-Arrival in Washington-Movement into Virginia-Brigaded under Colonel Howard-Campaign and Battle of Bull Run-List of Killed and Wounded-Part Taken by other Vermonters-Return to Bush Hill-Disaffection towards Colonel Whiting-A case of Discipline-Removal to Camp Lyon-Building Forts-Reconnoissances-a Night Collision-Camp Griffin-Hardships and Suffering-Brigaded with The Vermont Brigade. (pages 62-97)

Chapter VI. (2nd Vermont Infantry, continued)

Controversy between Colonel Whiting and the State Authorities- The Peninsula Campaign - Promotions and Changes of Officers - The Seven Days' Retreat - Maryland Campaign of 1862 - First Fredericksburg - Resignation of Colonel Whiting - Sketch of Colonel Walbridge - Second Fredericksburg and Salem Heights - Second Maryland Campaign -A month in New York - Return to Virginia - Capture of Quartermaster Stone - Execution of deserters-Winter at Brandy Station-Resignation of Colonel Walbridge-Sketch of Colonel Stone-The Wilderness Campaign-Death of Colonels Stone and Tyler-Losses of Officers and Men-End of Three Years Term-General Neill's Farewell order-Movements with the Sixth Corps-In the Shenandoah Valley-Back to Petersburg-Close of the War-Return Home. (pages 98-125)

Chapter VII. (3rd Vermont Infantry)

Organization of the Regiment-Rendezvous at St. Johnsbury-Departure from the State-Arrival at Washington-Sketch of Colonel Wm. F. Smith-Colonel Smith made Brig. General-Changes among the Officers-Fatigue Duty in Virginia-Pardon of William Scott-Under Fire at Lewinsville-Casualties-Arrival of other Vermont Regiments-Sickness in the Regiment-The Peninsular Campaign-Action at Lee's Mill-List of Killed-The Seven Days' Retreat-Willie Johnson-First Fredericksburg-Resignation of Colonel Hyde-Numerous Changes in the Roster-Marye's Heights, and Banks's Ford-Service at Newark, N. J. -Winter at Brandy Station-Losses in the Wilderness Campaign-Skirmish at Fort Stevens-End of Three Years' Term-Shenandoah Campaign-Petersburg-Return Home. (pages 126-155)

Chapter VIII. (4th Vermont Infantry)

Call for more Troops in August, 1861-Organization of the Regiment-Its Field and Staff-Camp Holbrook-Delays in Equipment and of Departure-Journey to Washington-Arrival at Camp Advance-Joins First Brigade at Camp Griffin-Remarkable Period of Sickness-The spring Campaign of 1862-March to Flint Hill and Cloud's Mills-The Peninsula-First shot at Lee's Mill-Losses at Lee's Mill-Service at Williamsburg and in front of Richmond-Changes of Officers-Crampton's Gap and Antietam-Arrival of Recruits-Promotion of Colonel Stoughton and Changes of Officers-First Fredericksburg-Winter Quarters at Belle Plain-Marye's Heights and Banks's Ford-March to Gettysburg-Loss at Funkstown-Winter at Brandy Station-Resignation of Colonel C. B. Stoughton-Sketch of Colonel George P. Foster-Losses in the Wilderness and the Overland Campaign-Misfortune at Weldon Railroad-Action at Charles Town-Expiration of Three Years' Term-The Shenandoah Campaign-In the Lines of Petersburg-The Final Assault-End of the War and Return Home (pages 156-179)

Chapter IX. (5th Vermont Infantry)

Organization of the Fifth Regiment-Rendezvous at St. Albans-Field and Staff-Departure for Washington-March to Chain Bridge-Sickness at Camp Griffin-The Spring Campaign of '62-Lee's Mill-Golding's Farm-Hard Fighting and Terrible Loss at Savage's Station-Resignation of Colonel Smalley and Changes of Field Officers-The Maryland Campaign-Back to Virginia-First Fredericksburg-Marye's Height and Banks's Ford-Crossing the Rappahannock and Capturing Mississippians-Gettysburg and Funkstown-Rappahannock Station-Re-enlisting for the War-Furlough and Visit Vermont-Return to Virginia-Losses in the Wilderness and in the Lines of Spottsylvania-Death and Sketch of Major Dudley-Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Charles town-Expiration of Three Years Term-The Shenandoah Campaign-Final Assault at Petersburg-End of the War and Return Home. (pages 180-207)

Chapter X. (Sixth Vermont Infantry)

Its Organization-Departure for Washington-Sickness and Mortality at Camp Griffin-The Spring of 1862-The Sixth at Lee's Mill-Golding's Farm and Savage's Station-Sickness at Harrison's Landing-Crampton's Gap and Antietam-Changes of Field Officers-Winter of 1862-2 Fighting at Fredericksburg-Funkstown-Service in New York-Winter at Brandy Station-Losses in the Wilderness-Death and sketch of Colonel Barney-Personal Incidents-The Shenandoah campaign-Expiration of Three Years' Term-Service in front of Petersburg-End of the War and Return Home. (pages 208-234)

Chapter XI. (History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 1 of 10)

Organization of the Vermont brigade-Its first commander, General Brooks-Winter at Camp Griffin-Remarkable period of sickness - Opening of the Spring campaign of 1862-Movement to Fortress Monroe-The Baptism of blood at Lee's Mill-Incidents of the action-Care of the wounded-The battle of Williamsburg-Fighting of Smith's division-March to the White House on the Pamunkey. (pages 235-275)

Chapter XII.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 2 of 10)

Organization of the Sixth Corps-Movement to the Front of Richmond-Battle of Fair Oaks-Crossing the Chickahominy to Golding's Farm-Swamp fever and hard duty-Gaines's Mill and Golding's Farm-Retreat of the Army from Richmond-The stand of the rear guard at Savage's Station-Fighting of the Vermont brigade-The Fifth sustains the heaviest loss in killed and wounded ever suffered by a Vermont regiment-Casualties of the brigade-The retreat resumed-Affair at White Oak Swamp-Terrific Confederate cannonade-Firmness of the Vermont troops-The brigade at Malvern Hill-The terrible march to Harrison's Landing-The bivouac in the mud-Return to Fortress Monroe and to Alexandria. (pages 276-313)

Chapter XIII.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 3 of 10)

The situation, September 1, 1862-The part of the Sixth Corps in Pope's Campaign-The march into Maryland-Storming of Crampton's Gap-Brilliant action of the Fourth Vermont-The battle of Antietam-Part taken by the Vermont Brigade-A quiet time at Hagerstown-Stuart's second raid--Accession of the Twenty-Sixth New Jersey to the brigade-Retirement of General Brooks from the command-Return to Virginia-Changes of army, corps, division and brigade commanders-McClellan's farewell review-March to the Rappahannock-Burnside's bloody failure-Howe's division and the Vermont brigade at the First Fredericksburg-Casualties of the brigade-Winter quarters at White Oak Church-Burnside's mud campaign and retirement from command. (apges 314-349)

Chapter XIV.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 4 of 10)

General Hooker takes command-Reorganization of the army-Sedgwick succeeds Smith as commander of the Sixth Corps - The new brigade commander, Colonel Grant -The Chancellorsville Campaign-The Sixth Corps crosses the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg-Marye's Heights-Brilliant part of the Vermont brigade-Salem Heights and Bank's Ford-Details of the fighting of the Vermont regiments-The brigade covers the recrossing of the Sixth Corps-Losses of the Vermont troops-Return to White Oak Church. (pages 350-378)

Chapter XV.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 5 of 10)

Preliminary movements of the Gettysburg campaign--Preparing to cross the Rappahannock--The Fifth Vermont crosses in boats and captures the Confederate pickets--The rest of the brigade follows--Sharp skirmishing on the south bank--The march to the north--Meeting of the First and Second Vermont brigades--hard marching in Maryland--"Put the Vermonters ahead and keep the column closed up."--General Meade succeeds Hooker--Arrival on the field of Gettysburg--The part taken by the brigade in the battle--Engagement at Funkstown--Recrossing the Potomac--The brigade goes to New York City--Services in sustaining the drafts--Return to and reception by the Sixth Corps--marching and counter marching--Battle of Rappahannock Station--The Mine Run campaign--Winter at Brandy Station. (page 379-411)

Chapter XVI.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 6 of 10)

General U. S. Grant, Commander-in-Chief-Consolidation of the Corps-Getty takes command of the Division-Changes in the Brigade-Review of the Situation-Campaign of the Wilderness-The Service of Getty, Gen. George W.-The part of the Vermont Brigade-Terrific Fighting-A thousand Vermonters Killed and Wounded the First Day; Two hundred the Second Day - Heavy Losses of Officers - March to Spottsylvania - The Vermonters saluted by the Sixth Corps - Death of General Sedgwick - General Wright succeeds Him - The Fighting in the Lines of Spottsylvania - Upton's Charge on the Salient - The Struggle at the Bloody Angle-Losses of the Vermont Regiments-The Eleventh Regiment joins the Brigade-Picket Duty Between the Lines-Movement to the North Anna-March to Cold Harbor. (pages 412-460)

Chapter XVII.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 7 of 10)

Cold Harbor-Part Taken by the Vermont Brigade the First Day-The Assault of the Second Day-Gallant Part of Stannard's brigade-Unsuccessful Attack of the Third Day-The army in Trenches-Exposures and Sufferings of the Troops-Movement of the army to the James-Investment of Petersburg-The Vermont Brigade in the front Line-Movement of the Sixth and Second corps against the Weldon Railroad-Heavy Loss of the Brigade-Over 400 Vermonters captured-Over Half of them died in Rebel Prisons-Expedition against the Danville and Lynchburg Railroad-Back Again to Washington-Early's Raid Against the Capital-The Sixth Corps sent to meet Him-President Lincoln wants to see the Vermont Brigade-The Engagement in front of Fort Stevens-Hard Marching in Maryland and Virginia-First Sight of the Shenandoah Valley-Return to Washington-A hot Day at Harper's Ferry and March to Frederick, Md.-Results of Halleck's Strategy in chasing Cavalry with Infantry-Change of Commanders-Sketch of General P. H. Sheridan-Return of the Sixth Corps to the Valley. (pages 461-499)

Chapter XVIII.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 8 of 10)

Under Sheridan in the Valley-Strength and situation of the opposing armies-Movement to the South-Early reinforced-Sheridan retires down the Valley-Engagement at Charles Town-The Vermont brigade holds the skirmish line against a Confederate division-Casualties in the Vermont regiments-Reconnoisance to Gilbert's Ford-Visit from General Grant-The battle of Winchester or the Opequon-Part of the Vermont brigade-The grand charge-Losses of the brigade-Battle of Fisher's Hill-Crook's flank movement-Charge of Getty's and Rickett's divisions, and flight of Early-Three weeks of marching and manoeuvring-The Sixth Corps starts for Washington but returns to Cedar Creek-Battle of Cedar Creek-The surprise in the morning-Gallant stand of Colonel Thomas and the Eighth Vermont-Action of the Tenth Vermont-The part of Getty, Gen. George W. and the Vermont brigade-Arrival of Sheridan-The grand advance of the Sixth and Nineteenth corps, and final charge of the cavalry-Casualties of the Vermont brigade-Close of the campaign-Voting for President-A month of rest at Kernstown-Departure from the Valley. (pages 500-568)

Chapter XIX.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, part 9 of 10)

The First Brigade, concluded-Return to Petersburg-The Winter of 1864-5 in the Trenches-Capture of the Enemy's intrenched Picket Line by the Sixth Corps-Action and Casualties of the Vermont Brigade-Arduous Picket Duty-The Final Grand Assault-The Vermont Brigade heads the Entering Wedge of the Sixth Corps-The Vermonters storm the Works in their Front, captures nineteen Guns and Many Prisoners, and push in to Lee's Headquarters-The Sixth Corps take Three miles of Works-Casualties of the Vermont Regiments-Fall of Richmond and Closing Scenes of the War-Pursuit of Lee-Last Skirmish at Sailor's Creek-The Surrender at Appomattox-Last Marches and Reviews of the Brigade-General Grant's Farewell Address-The Final Muster Out. (apges 569-616)

Chapter XX.(History of the 1st Vermont Brigade, last part of 10)

Final Statement of the First Brigade-Some Suggestive Statistics-Testimony of its Commanders to the quality of the troops of the Brigade-End of Volume I. (pages 617-620)