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Jackman, Henry S.

MILITARY SERVICE

Age: 23, credited to New Haven, VT
Unit(s): 14th VT INF
Service: enl 9/16/62, m/i 10/21/62, Pvt, Co. I, 14th VT INF, m/o 7/30/63

See Legend for expansion of abbreviations

VITALS

Birth: 03/11/1835, New Haven, VT
Death: 03/09/1900

Burial: Evergreen Cemetery, New Haven, VT
Marker/Plot: Not recorded
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Alan Lathrop
Findagrave Memorial #: 40679973

MORE INFORMATION

Alias?: None noted
Pension?: Yes, application date
Portrait?: Unknown
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(If there are state digraphs above, this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldiers' home in that state after the war)

Remarks: None

DESCENDANTS

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BURIAL:

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Evergreen Cemetery, New Haven, VT

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Biography

Henry S. Jackman was an ordinary man, but at the same time he was an uncommon man. He was honest, humble, hard working and rooted close to the earth. His life was unimpressive yet, at least portions of it, were extraordinary. He was the epitome of rural husbandry. He loved his farm, tilling the soil and raising livestock in nineteenth century Vermont. Most likely, he never fully appreciated being part of an iconic piece of American history that would, unlike himself, achieve everlasting fame and recognition.

Henry was born on July 6, 1839 in Waltham, Vermont. [1] He was the son of Samuel Jackman (about 1808-1888) from Barre, Vermont and Mary Ann Steadman (1816-1882) from Weybridge, Vermont. [2] Her father was Emanuel P. Steadman (1791-1871) and her mother was Anna Roberts (1794-1834). Their marriage took place in Starksboro, Vermont on September 9, 1833 where Mary resided at the time. [3] Henry was the oldest in a family of nine children. Following his birth in 1839, there came a succession of five boys: Westley John (or John Westley), 1841/42-1910; George D., 1843-1887; Elisha L., 1846/48-1908; Clarance G., 1849-?; and Amos, 1850-?. Finally, after having six boys in a row, Samuel and Mary had a daughter, Alice I., 1852-1854. Unfortunately, Alice only survived for two years. Then came a seventh son, John E., 1853-1928. John was cursed rather than being lucky. He committed suicide by hanging in 1928 in Washington, New Hampshire when he was seventy-five. [4] Samuel spent his entire life plying the art of agriculture, finally dying of consumption in 1888 in Hinesburgh, Vermont. [5]

One source compiled on the history around 1903 stated that of the nine children born to Samuel and Mary, only four had survived to that date. "Wesley" (Westley J.) was living in Ferrisburgh, Vermont; Elsiha lived in Hinesburgh; Amos had moved out west to Omaha, Nebraska; and John lived in Vergennes, Vermont. [6] Therefore, five of the nine were deceased before 1903. It was known that Alice had died in 1854 and that Henry S. passed away in 1888. It was discovered in researching the family that George had died in 1887. That totaled three children who did not see the turn of the century with their siblings. But who were the other two? And when/where had they been born and died? After much record diving, the answer to those questions were finally found on a single Vermont Vital Records card. Samuel and Mary A. Jackman had had two other infant daughters. Since both were listed on the same card, it was assumed that they were twins, perhaps identical ones. The card was filled out originally for their deaths and did not give dates of birth for either child. Why they were combined on one card was also a mystery since they had died at different times. Francis, under whose name the record was listed, died on May 5, 1837. The other infant daughter, Margaret A., was registered as dying on April 2, 1838. [7] So, therein lay the answer to the questions posed earlier. Two infants, both girls, born at the same time (most likely) in the late 1830's and dying within a year of each other between 1837 and 1838. They accounted for the missing two of the nine children born to Samuel and Mary.

In 1850, Henry (called "Mary" by the Census taker) was eleven and living in Waltham, Vermont with his father and mother and four siblings - John W., George D., Elsiha L. and the ghostly Clarance G. Rebecca Cronk, forty-four, also lived in the household. Her duties, without doubt, were as a nanny since there were five boys to care for between the ages of eleven and one. When Samuel wasn't busy with other things, he attended to his farm chores. [8] Samuel was what could be called a "subsistence farmer", meaning that his enterprise was not very large nor very profitable. As late as 1860, his net worth was only valued at $100. He still had three boys living at home at the time - Elisha, fourteen; Amos, ten; and John, seven. His home was now listed as in Weybridge, Vermont where his mail was delivered to the post office at Weybridge Lower Falls. [9]

By 1860, Henry had reached the age of twenty and had left his parent's home to strike out on his own. He was living with a family named Hunt in New Haven when the Federal Census was taken that year. Henry Hunt had a very prosperous farm operating in the town. It's estimated land value alone was $14,000. Henry's personal property added another $1,800 to his estate's assessment. Henry's only son, Harry A., worked with his father to run the farm. Henry also had three hired men helping with the labor. One, of course, was Henry S. Jackman. There was also twenty-four year old James Frussel from New York and twenty year old Ellick McCuin from Ireland working as hired hands. [10]

Almost a year and a half after the commencement of the Civil War, when everyone had been educated to the fact that this rebellion was going to be a long, dragged out affair rather than a short burst of resistance, Henry chose to enlist in it. On August 10, 1862 in New Haven he signed up for a nine month hitch in the Fourteenth Vermont Infantry. He was twenty-three, stood five feet eight and one half inches tall. Even though he was a farmer, his complexion was considered light, his eyes the customary blue and his hair brown. He was assigned to Company I of the Fourteenth. [11] Private Jackman had to wait awhile to be mustered-in the service. He waited at home until October 21, 1862 when he had to report to Brattleboro to be accepted into the service. [12]

The Fourteenth Vermont only existed for a short time (they were "Nine Months" men), but they saw hard service during their term of enlistment. At first, the Regiment was attached to those units making up the defenses around Washington, D.C. After December 11, 1862, the Fourteenth was placed on guard duty in and around Fairfax Court House where it was engaged in the repulse of Jeb Stuart's cavalry raid. From March to June, 1863, the Vermonters were stationed at Wolf Run Shoals along with other Vermont troops to guard the vital river ford on the Occoquan River. On the 25th of June, the Fourteenth was attached to the Third Division of the First Corps and began its march northward towards Gettysburg. It was a grueling march sometimes covering twenty miles a day for consecutive days at a time. Over two hundred of the Regiment were forced to drop out before ever reaching Gettysburg because they could not keep up the pace. The Fourteenth arrived at Gettysburg too late to take part in the first day's action. It bivouacked in a wheat field to the left of Cemetery Ridge. Late on the second day, the Regiment was called into action to help the Thirteenth Vermont repel an attack by General A.P. Hill on the left center of the Union line. After the tremendous opening cannonade of July 3, during which several men of the Fourteenth were killed by an explosion of a battery caisson, the left flank of Pickett's long grey line could be seen advancing towards the concealed Vermonters. At less than one hundred yards distance from the enemy, the men of the Fourteenth rose at command and delivered a devastating volley into the Confederate columns. The Thirteenth and Sixteenth changed fronts and added their fire to that of the Fourteenth. The result was that Pickett's right wing was caught and crushed. After the main charge was halted and Pickett's divisions were streaming back towards Seminary Ridge, four companies of the Fourteenth, A, F, D, and I, captured most of Confederate General Wilcox's Brigade as prisoners. This independent action taken by the Vermont troops, including Charles W. Spaulding, was credited by the Union high command as being crucial to the turning of Pickett's Charge. The Fourteenth was also part of the Union's pursuit of Lee's forces following the three day battle. It was during this pursuit that, on July 18, 1863, the Fourteenth was released and sent home. The Fourteenth was mustered-out on July 30, 1863.[13]

Once Private Jackman joined Company I of the Fourteenth, everything went smoothly and according to the U.S. Government's plans. Henry managed to stay healthy and out of the hospitals for his entire tour of duty. Despite being marched to a frazzle and shot at a few times, his term of service was fairly uneventful. Only Gettysburg stood out in the Regiment's time in the army. Private Jackman received his discharge at Brattleboro, Vermont on July 30, 1863. [14]

When Henry returned to Vermont in 1863, he went back to the only life he knew. He resumed being a farmer in Waltham. By 1869, he had taken over three hundred acres of good fertile farmland. He had already established a reputation as a prominent farmer in Addison County. [15] In the six years between 1863 and 1869, Henry was busy at more than just farming. He made time for courting as well. Her name was Emma C. Wright. She had been born in Weybridge, Vermont on June 25, 1843. Her father was William Silas Wright (1819-1908). Her mother was Lucy Columbia Phillips (1822-1891). [16] Her father and grandfather, Daniel, were both extremely successful New Haven farmers. According to the 1860 Federal Census, Daniel, Emma's grandfather, had an estate value of $16,190. His son, Emma's father, lived in the same household as his father, Daniel, and was working the large farm as a partner. But he, too, was amassing his own fortune on the side. His holdings in land and personal property in 1860 amounted to $7,600. [17] When Henry and Emma were united in marriage on March 31, 1869, he was marrying into a considerable estate. When they were married, Emma was twenty-five and he was twenty-nine. It was the first marriage for both of them. [18] Soon after the honeymoon, their first child came along. She was Lucy Grace Jackman, born May 28, 1870 in Waltham. [19]

Henry and his growing family continued to farm land in Waltham in 1870. They now lived in William S. Wright's, Henry's father-in-law's household. William had done very well the last ten years, having built up an operation evaluated at $15, 000. Lucy, Emma's mother, and Emma kept the house together, although they also employed the services of a twenty-six year old domestic servant from New York named Amanda Roy to assist. [20]

Before 1880, Henry and Emma had added a second child to the family. This time it was a son, William Henry Jackman born May 19, 1874 in Waltham. [21] Henry and his family were still living with Emma's father and mother on that hugely successful farm. Henry's two children attended school when it was in session. The women in the house saw to it that the home was well maintained. They had a twenty-three year old house servant named Maria Poro to aide them. Her husband, Paul, twenty-two, worked as a farm hand on the spread. [22] Henry's time was taken up with matters larger than the chores needing to be done around the farm. In 1878, he had been chosen as Town Treasurer of Waltham. [23] Two years before that, in 1876, Henry had been elected a delegate to the Republican State Convention. [24] At the annual meeting of the Champlain Valley Agricultural Society attended by about one hundred people, Henry was elected as a Director to represent Waltham. [25] He was chosen in 1884 to serve Waltham in the State Legislature. He was a member of the Dorchester Lodge, No. 1, A.F. & A.M. of Vergennes. He and his father were members of the Vermont Sheep Breeders Association, and, for a long time, Henry served as president of it. [26]

Despite doing quite well in the sheep business, Henry applied for a soldier's pension on July 15, 1890. [27] The 1890 Special Schedule conducted for surviving military personnel and widows, etc. listed Henry as living in Vergennes. As mentioned earlier, Henry had survived the late rebellion unscathed and the 1890 Special Schedule also did not list any injuries or disabilities incurred in his one year, one month stint in the army. [28] Along about July of 1892, Henry expanded his land holdings in Waltham by buying 149 acres from the widow Sutton in Waltham for $4,500. [29] Perhaps Henry overextended himself with all of his agricultural pursuits, his civic duties, his political endeavors and his leadership roles in various organizations on the local, state and national levels. He went through a war without a scratch and avoided the myriad number of illnesses and diseases that ran rampant through the military camps. He returned home without a single wound or disability. Yet, at the relatively young age of fifty-nine, he caught bronchitis which turned into pneumonia which eventually killed him on April 12, 1899 [30] - precisely thirty-eight years after the 4:30 a.m. firing on Fort Sumter that started the American Civil War. He was a man who had everything going for him until some microscopic germ cut him down.

His widow, Emma, moved in with her son, "Willie" who had a farm in Waltham like his father and grandfather before him. There was also a twenty-eight year old carpenter by the name of Wesley Jackman boarding with Willie and his wife as well. He was Emma's husband's nephew. At fifty-six, Emma was still vibrant enough to help with household chores. A twenty-one year old widow named Anna Barton was hired to assume many of the duties of maintaining the home. [31] On June 14, 1900, Emma applied for a widow's pension under Henry's service in the army. [32] Emma continued to live with Willie and his wife Anna for the next twenty-four years of her life. They were secure and comfortable years. She had a pension for life. Her son, Willie, was a very successful dairy farmer in Waltham. At one point, he needed two additional hired men to help him work the dairy farm besides himself and his son, Harry S. And there were household servants as well to assist with running the house. [33] So Emma was able to enjoy her final years in peace and tranquility. Two years before her death, at seventy-nine, she began suffering badly from arterio sclerosis. In 1924, she accidentally fell, breaking her hip in the process. She declined steadily from then until her death on August 17, 1924. [34] She was buried next to Henry in Sunset View Cemetery in the family plot in Waltham, Vermont.

NOTES
1. Ancestry.com, Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908 for Jackman, Henry S.; www.findagrave.com, Memorial #29892963 for Henry S. Jackman.
2. Ibid., Miller Family Tree for Mary Ann Stedman; Ibid., Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908 for Jackman, Samuel.
3. Ibid.,; Ibid., Marriage for Samuel Jackman.
4. Ibid., 1850 & 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Samuel Jackman; www.findagrave. com, Memorial #29892963 for Henry S. Jackman; www.familysearch.org. Vermont, Vital Records, 1760-1954, Death for John Wesley Jackman; Ibid., Death for Jackman, George D.; Ibid., Death for Elisha L. Jackman; ncestry.com, Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908 for Jackman, Amos; Ibid., Death Alice I; Ibid., New Hampshire, Death and Disinterment Records, 1754-1947 for John E. Jackman.
5. Ancestry.com, Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908, Death for Jackman, Samuel; Ibid., Death for Jackman, Mary Ann (Steadman).
6. Ibid., Genealogical Family History of the State of Vermont, Vol. 2, Hiram Carleton, 1903, p. 74.
7. Ibid., Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908 for Francis Jackman.
8. Ibid., 1850 U.S. Federal Census for Samuel Jackman.
9. Ibid., 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Samuel Jackman.
10. Ibid., 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Henry Jackman.
11. www.fold3.com, Compiled Service Records of Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Vermont, p. 3, image 312198947. Hereinafter referred to as Compiled Service Records.
12. Ibid., Compiled Service Records, p. 4, image 312198952.
13. Ancestry.com, U.S., American Civil War Regiments, 1861-1866, 14th Infantry Regiment Vermont.
14. www.fold3.com, Compiled Service Records, p. 10, image 312199011.
15. Ancestry.com, Genealogical Family History of the State of Vermont, Vol. 2, Hiram Carleton, 1903, p. 74.
16. Ibid., Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908 for Emma C. Wright; Ibid., Wilson, Phillips, Cecil Family Tree for Emma C. Wright.
17. Ibid., 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Emma Wright.
18. Ibid., Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908 for Jackman, Henry E. and Wright, Emma C.
19. www.familysearch.org, Vermont, Vital Records, 1760-1954 for Lucy Grace Jackman.
20. Ancestry.com, 1870 U.S. Federal Census for Henry S. Jackman.
21. www.familysearch.org, Vermont, Vital Records, 1760-1954 for William Henry Jackman.
22. Ancestry.com, 1880 U.S. Federal Census for Henry Jackman.
23. www.newspapers.com, Burlington Weekly Free Press, Fri., Mar. 8, 1878.
24. Ibid., Rutland Daily Globe, Fri., Mar. 24, 1876.
25. Ibid., Burlington Free Press, Thu., Jan., 27, 1881.
26. Ancestry.com, Genealogical Family History of the State of Vermont, Vol. 2, Hiram Carleton, 1903. p. 74.
27. www.fold3.com, U.S. General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 for Jackman, Henry S.
28. Ancestry.com, 1890 Veterans Schedules for Henry S. Jackman.
29. www.newspapers.com, Argus and Patriot, Wed., Jul. 27, 1892.
30. Ancestry.com, Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908 for Jackman, Henry S.
31. Ibid., 1900 U.S. Federal Census for Emma Jackman.
32. www.fold3.com, U.S. General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1866 for Jackman, Henry S.
33. Ancestry.com, 1910 & 1920 U.S. Federal Census for Emma C. Jackman.
34. Ibid., Vermont, Vital Records, 1909-2008 for Emma Wright Jackman.

Courtesy of Bernie Noble.

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