Lapham, Charles Needham
Age: 17, credited to Bridport, VTVITALS
Birth: 05/22/1845, Bridport, VTADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Alias?: None notedDESCENDANTS
Arlington National Cemetery, VA
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and other veterans who may be buried there.
Charles Needham Lapham, the second son, and second of six children of Solon and Elizabeth (Frost) Lapham, was born 22 May 1845, in Bridport, Vermont. Nothing is yet known about his early life, but his father was a farmer and a Morgan horse breeder, so it is safe to assume he grew up working on the farm for his father.
He enlisted on 24 September 1861, eight months shy of his 17th birthday, and mustered in as a private in Co. K, 1st Vermont Cavalry, on 19 November 1861. He was promoted to corporal.
After the battle of Gettysburg, early on 8 July 1863, Confederate Cavalry General J.E.B. Stuart moved from Hagerstown to get possession of Boonsboro Gap, and close the pass to Meade's army, following after Lee's fleeing army. The First Vermont Cavalry was initially held in reserve, but after noon the third battalion, under Major Bennett, (companies L, F, K and M), was sent to the right and front of the Hagerstown road, where the men suffered from the enemy's batteries. The regiment suffered two killed, eight wounded and five missing. Among those wounded was Corporal Lapham, who was struck by a cannon ball which carried away the majority of both his legs.
Sources: Family information, including photograph in uniform, courtesy of Ann Anderson, Charles great-granddaughter; 1892 Revised Roster; George Benedict's Vermont in the Civil War, volume 2, pages 606-607.
(Army Medical Museum Case Histories)
Corporal Lapham was taken to the field hospital at Boonsboro where his wounds were bandaged while he awaited the surgeon's help. On July 10 Surgeon L.P. Woods of the 5th NY Cavalry performed amputations of both Corporal Lapham's legs. The right leg had to be amputated above the knee since the knee joint was shattered. The left leg, Surgeon Woods was able to preserve a bit more of, being amputated at the knee joint.
After a period of recuperation, he was transferred to the General Hospital in Burlington, Vermont. Four months after receipt of his wounds he was discharged home. There he was depended on friends and family to nurse him and provide for him. A year later, in May of 1864, he was taken to New York City where the government paid to have artificial limbs constructed for him. Dr. E.D. Hudson saw him that month and noted "The right stump is healed and in good condition, though the supporting cicatrix (scar) at the base is not good. Regarding the left stump - this forms the most useful, reliable and comfortable support [for him] and constitutes his chief dependence..".
After being fitted for artificial limbs Lapham returned to Baxter Hospital and was eventually discharged and pensioned by the government on August 25, 1864.
The story of Corporal Lapham is a "happy one" in that it shows the man's spirit and persistence. Five months after his discharge from Baxter Hospital he enrolled in the Collegiate Institute in Poughkeepsie, New York. While there he found time to write to a doctor who helped him regain some "normalcy" in his life - Dr. Hudson - who had made his "new legs." He wrote…"I can walk with ease on level ground, get up and down stairs readily and am getting along much better than I anticipated in so short a time."
Lapham finished his schooling and became a clerk in the US Treasury Department in Washington, D.C.
Above from Janet King's Civil War Medicine articles; photographs courtesy of Ann Anderson
Charles was appointed a clerk, in the Registrar's Office, on 29 July 1869. On 4 September 1873, while living on 417 11th Street, in Washington, DC, he opened an account (#371) with the Freedman's Bureau Bank, from which we obtained his signature, below. In 1877, his salary was $1,400 per annum, and by 1885, it had increased to $1,600. (US Treasury Registers, 1877, 1885)
CASE 436. - Corporal C. N. Lapham, Co. K, 1st Vermont Cavalry, aged 23 years, was wounded during the engagement near Boonsboro', July 8, 1863, by a cannon ball, which carried away both legs. He was conveyed to the field hospital at Boonsboro' where both limbs were amputated two days after the receipt of the injury. Four months after the operation the patient was deemed well enough to be allowed to go to his home, where he remained until the following year. On May 31, 1864, he was furnished with artificial limbs by Dr. E. D. Hudson, of New York City, who contributed the photographs represented in the annexed cuts (FIGS. 176, 177) and the following description of the operation: "The right thigh was amputated at the middle third, by the antero-posterior flap method, on account of great comminution of the leg involving the knee joint; the stump is healed and in a favorable condition. The left leg was disarticulated at the knee joint. This operation was also performed by antero-posterior flaps, and the stump is healed and in good condition, though the supporting cicatrix at the base is not good. The condyles of the femur, as a base, form the most useful, reliable, and comfortable support, and constitute his chief dependence, and the benefits of disarticulation, when compared with amputations of the thigh, are shown to be incalculable." The patient was discharged from Baxter Hospital, at Burlington, Vermont, Aug. 25, 1864, and pensioned. Five months later, when a student at the Collegiate Institute in Poughkeepsie, N. Y., he wrote to Dr. Hudson that "he could walk with ease on level ground, get up and down stairs readily, and was getting along much better than he anticipated in so short a time." Some time afterwards he obtained an appointment as clerk in the U. S. Treasury Department at Washington, in which occupation he is still employed. His pension was paid September 4, 1879. In his application for commutation he reported that Surgeon L. P. Woods, 5th New York Cavalry, was the operator who amputated his limbs.
Joseph K. Barnes, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. (1861-65), Part 3, Volume 2 (Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1883), p. 444.
Charles married Sylvia Anna Mead, daughter of Abner Mead, of Bridport, on 22 March 1874. The Mead farm was adjoining the Lapham farm, and the family speculates, since she was four years older than he, she may have helped nurse him back to health prior to his departure for schooling. From at least 1880, until his death, they lived at 1737 Pennsylvania Avenue.
On 31 October, 1891, the Registrar's Office reported: "during the fiscal year, this division lost, by death, one of its most valuable fourth-class clerks, Dr. William Guliford, and subsequently, on September 3, suffered a further and similar loss in the decease of Charles N. Lapham…" (Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, 1891)
ObituaryDeath of a Veteran - The Boonsboro Times records the death of Charles N. Lapham, a clerk in the office of the Registrar of the Treasury at Washington, on Thursday September 3. This gentleman, the Times says, was a native of Vermont, and during the war, a member of the First Vermont cavalry. He had both legs shot off near Boonsboro, and was removed from the hospital to the residence of Miss Nancy Stotler, where his wants were attended to by willing hands. Deceased was forty-eight years of age and leaves a widow and daughter.
The funeral was held at the residence on 1737 Pennsylvania Avenue, and Corporal Lapham was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
The Herald and Torch Light (Hagerstown, MD), Thursday - 17 Sep 1891
Contributed by Erik Hinckley.
(Photographs of Charles Lapham courtesy of Ann Anderson, his great granddaughter; additional material as referenced above)