Griswold, Edward Farwell
Age: 21, credited to St. Johnsbury, VT
Unit(s): 11th VT INF
Service: enl 7/31/62, m/i 9/1/62, CPL, Co. A, 11th VT INF, pr SGT 9/2/62, comn 1LT, Co. L, 7/11/63 (7/17/63), pow, Weldon Railroad, 6/23/64, escaped 7/1/64, recaptured, 7/18/64, prld 9/26/64, pr CPT, Co. F, 5/23/65 (6/2/65), m/o 6/24/65
See Legend for expansion of abbreviationsVITALS
Birth: 03/10/1841, New Ipswich, NH
Burial: Mount Pleasant Cemetery, St. Johnsbury, VT
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Carolyn Adams
Findagrave Memorial #: 18480080
Alias?: None noted
Portrait?: Charles Collection, Italo Collection, Guber Collection off-site, VHS Collections
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(If there are state digraphs above, this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldiers' home in that state after the war)
Webmaster's Note: The 11th Vermont Infantry was also known as the 1st Vermont Heavy Artillery; the names were used interchangably for most of its career
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Mount Pleasant Cemetery, St. Johnsbury, VT
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Vermont Officers Reunion Society Collection
Courtesy Vermont Historical Society
Courtesy Vermont Historical Society
Edward Farwell Griswold
Born in New Ipswich, NH. Son of Franklin Griswold, for many years a resident of St. Johnsbury East. Enlisted in Company A, 11th Regiment, at the age of twenty-one years, July 31, 1862. Mustered into United States service September 1, 1862. Promoted Corporal September 1, 1862. Promoted Sergeant September 2, 1862. Promoted 1st Lieutenant company L, July 11, 1863. Promoted Captain of Company F, May 23, 1865. Mustered out of service June 24, 1865.
Was on recruiting service in Vermont from April 21, 1863, to November 11, then rejoined the Regiment at Fort Slocum, DC. Post Adjutant at Fort Lincoln during the winter of 1863, and until the 11th Regiment left for the front, May 12, 1864. Participated in the actions at Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Weldon Railroad. Taken prisoner at last-named place June 23, 1864, confined in Libby prison till June 29, then removed with others towards Georgia. Arriving at Lynchburg, Va., it was found that the railroad track had been destroyed, and the prisoners must march to Danville, a distance of eighty miles. Rations were issued for four days -- twenty hardtack and about one pound of pork -- to each man. Reaching Marysville, on Staunton river, and after crossing the bridge spanning the stream, the prisoners under charge of rebel guards were deployed in a field adjacent to the stream. The bank of the river was lined with bushes a rod or more wide along the bank.
Lieutenant Griswold, Captain Safford of Company I, and Lieutenant Fleury of Company K, with tin cups in hand, made for the river, with a preconcerted plan, if not discovered by the guard, to escape. They found they were not pursued, and proceeding downstream where they could cross without exposure, they forded it. This was July 1st. Secreted in the day time, and traveling by night, the three reached Millbro' early in the morning of July 17. In passing through the town they were discovered by the rebel Provost guard and pursued by them about a mile, but by running, succeeded, though fired upon, in making their escape. Here the party became separated. Lieutenant Griswold reached Huntersville in the northeastern section of Virginia, and his companions the town of Beverly, within the Union lines, some four days later. Hungry and weary, Lieutenant Griswold entered a farmhouse on the outskirts of the place -- understanding from the negroes that many of the people here were friends of the Union. He was soon surprised by the entrance of two rebel guards. He was a prisoner again. He was taken to Staunton, confined for three days in"Castle Rough," then sent forward by rail to Richmond, which place he reached the 26th of July. Detained there until September 24, he was paroled, in company with a party of sick and wounded Union prisoners, and proceeded north. Remaining in hospital at Annapolis, Md., until exchanged December 18, 1864, when he was ordered to Alexandria, Va., to serve on court-martial. He continued in this duty until June 3, 1865, when he was ordered to join his Regiment at Bailey's Cross Roads. Promoted Captain of Company F, and assigned to command of Company K, and remained with same until the Regiment was mustered out of service at Burlington, this State, which was, according to Adjutant General's Report, August 25, 1865.
Albert G. Chadwick, compiler, Soldiers Record of the Town of St. Johnsbury, Vermont, in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-5,(C. M. Stone & Co., St. Johnsbury, VT., 1883), pp. 71-72
Capt. Griswold Dies in E. St. Johnsbury
Saw Action in Many of the Principal Engagements in War of North and South.
(Special to The Herald)
St. Johnsbury, April 5. -- Capt. Edward F. Griswold, 83, died at the home of his sister-in-law in East St. Johnsbury this afternoon. He was born in New Ipswich, N.H., and enlisted from East St. Johnsbury in Company A of the 11th Vermont infantry. He was promoted three times in the service and mustered out at the close of the war.
He was in some of the principal engagements of the Civil war and was confined in Libby prison at Richmond. While being transported to another prison he made his escape and was befriended by a sympathizer. Later he was recaptured and taken to Libby again where he was later paroled. When the United States government gave every soldier of the Union army a pension Capt. Griswold sent his pension check for several years to a Confederate soldiers' home in Virginia in recognition of his kind treatment while escaping from the guard.
After the war he entered a grain firm and about 40 years ago established the firm of Griswold & Pearl, which later became Griswold & Mackinnon. About 10 years ago this firm was dissolved and Capt. Griswold had since lived at East St. Johnsbury.
He was a member of the North Congregational church, of the Masonic fraternity, and Chamberlin post of the Grany Army. He married Ellen F. Sargent of St. Johnsburgy June 13, 1879. She died two years later.
Source: Rutland Daily Herald, 6 Apr 1926.
Transcribed by Tom Ledoux.