Vermont Flag Site Logo

Pond, George R.

MILITARY SERVICE

Age: 21, credited to Starksboro, VT
Unit(s): 7th VT INF
Service: enl 2/3/65, m/i 2/3/65, Pvt, Co. H, 7th VT INF, d/dis 5/11/65

See Legend for expansion of abbreviations

VITALS

Birth: 11/01/1842, Shoreham, VT
Death: 05/11/1865

Burial: Munger Street Cemetery, New Haven, VT
Marker/Plot: Not recorded
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Alan Lathrop
Findagrave Memorial #: 22034398

MORE INFORMATION

Alias?: None noted
Pension?: Unknown
Portrait?: Unknown
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(If there are state digraphs above, this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldiers' home in that state after the war)

Remarks: None

DESCENDANTS

(Are you a descendant, but not listed? Register today)

BURIAL:

Copyright notice

Tombstone

Munger Street Cemetery, New Haven, VT

Check the cemetery for location/directions and other veterans who may be buried there.


Biography

The American Civil War has become the most studied and the most written about period in America's history. It was the most gargantuan event in the story of this country to take place up until the atomic bombs were dropped in WWII on two Japanese cities. It has become the most romanticized of all of America's wars. It was also the most costly in terms of American deaths than all other U.S. wars combined. Four years of warfare resulted in at least 1,030,000 casualties - three percent of the general population. Approximately 620,000 soldiers from the North and the South died during the war, two-thirds of them from disease. Some historians believe that this figure is too low and have placed their own estimates at 750,000 - 850,000. An estimated 56,000 soldiers died in prison camps. At least 60,000 men lost limbs in the rebellion. In just the Union Army, where reliable figures were more easily found, the dead amounted to fifteen percent of the 2,656,553 who served, a total of 359,528. In addition, there were 4,523 deaths in the Navy (2,112 in battle) and 460 in the Marines (148 in battle). Black troops made up ten percent of the Union death toll. Deaths among former slaves was much more difficult to estimate due to a lack of reliable data. Historians have suggested there were tens to hundreds of thousands of slaves who died during the Civil War from disease, starvation, exposure or execution at the hands of the Confederates.[1] George R. Pond had the unfortunate luck to become one of these statistics. He fell into the category of "two-thirds from disease". He only spent four months in the service of his country.

On the first of November, 1842, George was born in Shoreham, Vermont.[2] Some sources claimed he was born in either Cornwall or Middlebury. These same sources, the researcher will find, are full of little "errors" in their genealogical tracking. For example, one source attributed a sister and her husband as the "parents" of George R. Pond. The same source suggested his nephew was really his sibling. Such pitfalls are the bane of the investigator's world of tracing the history of an individual. Without question, however, George was living with his biological parents, Ira Pond, Jr. (1813-1893) and Cynthia May Farnham (1810-1903), in Middlebury, Vermont on the family farm in 1850. George was six years old and his two siblings, Ellen (1837-1917) twelve and William L. (1841-1862) eight, also occupied a place at the dinner table in the house.[3]

George's father, Ira, Jr., was a moderately successful farmer who was born in Shoreham during the War of 1812. When he died in 1893, his estate included a $2,200 farm that had on it the typical array of farm animals: sheep, cows, horses and pigs. His whole holdings, including personal property, was valued at about $2,600. He willed all of it to his beloved wife, Cynthia.[4] George and William, sixteen and eighteen, worked on the family farm next to their father in 1860. The farm and all of the Pond's personal possessions totaled $3,400. Twenty-two year old Ellen still lived at home and would until her marriage to Harrison Mills in 1866.[5] The Civil War erupted in April of 1861, plunging the nation into a blood bath for the next four years. William L., Ira's oldest son, died on the farm on November 23, 1862, at twenty-years of age.[6] The cause of his death was unknown. George stayed on the farm working it with his father after the war broke out because, in part, he was too young to enlist in the army to begin with, and, later as the war wore on, he was the only surviving son left to help his farmer father. He did register for the draft like a good citizen in May/June of 1863 for Middlebury.[7] In the twilight months of the Civil War, George finally got around to joining the army as a recruit. By this time, it was obvious to everyone in the nation but the metaphorically blind that the South was in its death throes. In reality, the great rebellion had only three months to live.

However, George, twenty-one and a farmer by trade, decided to leave home and see some of the outside world while in uniform. The five feet eleven and one half inch young man with hazel eyes, a light complexion and light hair, raised his right hand before Captain Rolla Gleason, Provost Marshal for the Third District (Burlington), Vermont on the third day of February, 1865 and pledged to serve in the Army for the next year.[8] He was assigned to Company H, Seventh Vermont Regiment. He did not sign up in Shoreham, where he stated he was born, nor in Middlebury where he had been living and working. Even more confusing, he was credited to Starksboro for the purpose of quotas.[9] Starksboro must have been offering a larger bounty than any of the other Addison County towns George could have gone for. George was given the rank of private. He was entitled to bounty of $100; one third paid immediately and the rest in installments later. Then he was "forwarded to General Rendezvous in New Haven, Connecticut" along with a shipment of other new volunteers.[10]

The Seventh Vermont Regiment of volunteers was organized during the last part of 1861 and the early part of 1862. It was mustered into the Federal service on February 12, 1862 at Rutland, Vermont. Colonel George T. Roberts commanded the Regiment. It numbered nine hundred forty-three officers and enlisted men. It was a three years' infantry regiment which served in the Western Theater, mostly Louisiana and Florida, under General Butler with whom the Vermonters had a strained relationship from the start of their serving together. The Seventh was the longest serving Vermont regiment during the war. It was not mustered-out until March of 1866. The delay (between June 9, 1865 surrender of Lee and March, 1866) was in part at least due to General Butler's dislike of the Regiment.

The Seventh performed vital service in Florida as artillerists, mounted and dismounted infantry, scouts and garrisoning various fortifications protecting Pensacola Harbor where vast naval stores had been stockpiled for the use of Farragut's West Gulf squadron. It survived two seasons of yellow fever and several severe combat engagements. It became part of the Thirteenth Corps, commanded by General Gordon Granger, after February, 1865. The Seventh took part in the siege of Mobile and Spanish Fort, the battle at Whistler, Alabama, and the surrender of the Confederate Army of Mobile at Citronelle, Alabama.

On May 30, 1865, the Regiment was put on the steamer "General Sedgwick" and shipped to Texas to become part of the "Army of Observation" along the Rio Grande which kept an eye on Maximilian's French Army there. Some authorities of history claim that General Butler had a great deal to do with the Seventh being sent on protracted duty to Texas. It was implied by some that it was his last jab at the Vermonter's for their substandard performance at Baton Rouge. The Seventh was eventually mustered-out on March 14, 1866 at Brownsville, Texas. During its term of service, the Vermonters lost eleven men killed; fifteen died of accidents; six died in Confederate prisons; three hundred seventy-nine died from disease plus another two hundred forty-two were discharged for disability, primarily from disease. Total losses were six hundred forty-nine.[11]

Fortunately for Private Pond, he missed out on the excitement at Spanish Fort. Unfortunately the reason he missed the action was that he was sick in the hospital at Fort Gaines, Alabama since March 22, 1865.[12] He arrived at Mobile Point as a recruit from the Connecticut depot on February 26. The months of March, April and May he spent as a patient in the General Hospital at Fort Gaines. Then, on May 11, 1865, while he was on board the U.S. Hospital Steamer A.D. in the Gulf of Mexico, he died.[13] Cause of his death was officially listed as "chronic diarrhea".[14] He was returned to Vermont for burial and now lies in the Munger Street Cemetery in New Haven, Vermont.

NOTES:

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War#Costs; http://Cincinnati.org/data/ccwrt_history/talk_text/Moffat_soldiers_pay.html, January, 1965.
2. Vermont in the Civil War/Cemeteries/Vermont/New Haven/Munger Street Cemetery/Pond, George R./Vitals; www.ancestry.com, Family Trees, Genealogical record of Samuel Pond & descendants.
3. www.ancestry.com, 1850 U.S. Federal Census for George R. Pond.
4. Ibid., Vermont, Wills and Probate Records, 1749-1999 for Ira Pond.
5. Ibid., 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Ira Pond.
6. Ibid., Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908, Death for Pond, William L.
7. Ibid., U.S., Civil War Draft Registration Records, 1863-1865 for George R. Pond.
8. www,fold3.com, Compiled Service Records of Union Soldiers Who Served From Organizations From the State of Vermont, p. 13, image 311586927. Hereinafter referred as Compiled Service Records.
9. Ibid., Compiled Service Records, pp. 2 & 13, images 311586916 & ...927.
10. Ibid., Compiled Service Records, p. 3, image 311586917.
11. Vermont in the Civil/Units/7th VT Inf; en.wikipedia.org, 7th VT Infantry.
12. www.fold3.com, Compiled Service Records, p. 6, image 311586920.
13. Ibid., Compiled Service Records, p. 10, image 311586924.
14. Ibid., Compiled Service Records, p. 17, image 311586931.

Courtesy of Bernie Noble.

Previous Page