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Scott, Alexander Jr.

MILITARY SERVICE

Age: 18, credited to Burlington, VT
Unit(s): 10th VT INF
Service: enl 8/2/62, m/i 9/1/62, Pvt, Co. D, 10th VT INF, pr CPL 1/1/64, wdd, Cedar Creek, 10/19/64, m/o 6/22/65 (Medal of Honor)

See Legend for expansion of abbreviations

VITALS

Birth: 08/19/1844, Montreal, PQ, Canada
Death: 05/27/1923

Burial: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA
Marker/Plot: 17/18563
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Courtesy of Arlington National Cemetery
Findagrave Memorial #: 8048

MORE INFORMATION

Alias?: None noted
Pension?: Unknown
Portrait?: Findagrave off-site, National Park Service, Regimental History
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(If there are state digraphs above, this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldiers' home in that state after the war)

Remarks: 10th Vt. History off-site

DESCENDANTS

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BURIAL:

Copyright notice

Tombstone

Arlington National Cemetery, VA

Check the cemetery for location/directions and other veterans who may be buried there.


Medal of Honor

This soldier was awarded the Medal of Honor

Alexander Scott

Rank and Organization: Corporal, Co. D, 10th Vermont Infantry.
Place and date: Monocacy, MD, 9 Jul 1864.
Entered service at: Winooski.
Born: 19 Aug 1844, Montreall, PQ, Canada.
Died: 27 May 1923, Washington, DC.
Buried: National Cemetery, Arlington, VA (Section 17, Grave 204772.)
Date of Issue: 28 Sep 1897.

Citation: Under a very heavy fire of the enemy saved the national flag of his regiment from capture.

See findagrave.com

NARA File Number: R&P 492840.

Photograph

(Haynes' History of the 10th)

Photograph

(National Park Service)

Biography

Alexander Scott, only son of Alexander and Mary Ann (Day) Scott, was born in Montreal, Canada, Aug. 19th, 1844.

His parents moved to Burlington, Vt., in 1850; here he received his education at the public schools. His father enlisted in Co. I, Fifth Regiment, Vermont Volunteers, at the organization of that company, in Burlington, Vt., in 1861, and died in hospital at Annapolis, Md., Oct. 19th, 1862 [of chronic diarrhea].

Alexander entered the service as a private in Co. D, Tenth Vermont Volunteers, Aug. 2d, 1862; was promoted to Corporal; after the battle of Payn's Farm, he was assigned to the Color Guard and participated in all of the battles of the regiment until Oct. 19th, 1864, when he was severely wounded in the right thigh. He was confined in the hospitals at Baltimore, Md., and Montpelier, Vt., until April 1865, when he rejoined his regiment on the march to Danville, Va. He returned with his regiment to Burlington and was discharged with them there, July 3, 1865. Major Lyman, in recommending him for a medal of honor, which he obtained, thus speaks of his services:

On the Potomac, in Maryland, above Washington, in 1862, he was selected for responsible duty - to prevent rebel sympathizers signaling across the river to White's guerrillas, and in pursuit and arrest of rebel spies in the vicinity of Sugar Loaf Mountain, Md.

In the night after the battle of Orange or Locust Grove, Nov. 27th, 1863, he accompanied the Captain of his company in search of a Surgeon to attend a wounded Sergeant of the company, and in the darkness they lost their direction, and wandering in the woods took our works for the rebel front, when he, to save his Captain the risk of capture, crawled up and ascertained that they were outside of our lines and in front of our own works.

He now joined the Color Guard and served with it until mustered out in 1865. He was with the colors in every engagement until disabled by a wound in October. 1864.

At the battle of Monocacy, Md., July 9th, 1864, when the regiment was ordered to fall back in the face of the enemy under a heavy fire, had crossed a corn-field and was ascending a steep hill in full view of the enemy, the Color-Sergeant, becoming exhausted, gave Scott his flag, saying he might be taken, but Scott should save the color, and soon the Color Corporal gave out and Scott took and carried both flags until the Color Sergeant reported for duty on the 15th.

At the battle of Fisher's Hill, Va., Sept. 22d, 1864, Corporal Scott, with the Color Sergeant, was the first over the rebel works on our portion of the front.

At the battle of Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19th, 1864, at about 9 A. m., when the regiment charged to recapture the guns of Battery M, Fifth Artillery, he was knocked down, as he reached the guns, by a rifle ball striking his left shoulder after passing through all the folds of his blanket roll, and the shock for the rest of the day disabled his left arm.

In the afternoon, on the charge which dislodged the rebels from the stone wall in the open field, and while rapidly advancing, the colors being far in advance of the regiment, and he was in touch with the Color Sergeant, he was shot in the thigh bone and fell, and the Color Sergeant was also presently killed at the same place. This wound disabled him for duty until April, 1865, when, though still suffering from his wound, he rejoined the regiment, and served with it until it was mustered out in June 1865, and during all the above period with the Color Guard, Corporal Scott refused promotion for the honor of remaining in that important and hazardous service.

After the war, he was engaged as a clerk in the firm of Hungerford & Wainwright, in Burlington. In 1866, he moved to Flint, Mich., where he was engaged in the lumber business.

In 1870, he moved to Washington, D. C, where he received an appointment as draughtsman in the U. S. patent office. In 1875, he was promoted to skilled draughtsman, and in 1882, to Assistant Chief of the Draughtsman's Division, his present position.

He inspects all drawings filed in the office, has charge of all drawings made, and all questions on this subject are referred to him.

In the Grand Army of the Republic, he is a member of Lincoln Post No. 3, District of Columbia; has served as inspector and as aide-de-camp on the staff of the Department Commander.

E. M. Haynes, A History of the Tenth Regiment, Vt. Vols., (The Tuttle Company, Rutland, VT., 1894, 2nd edition), pp. 436-437

In his Preface, Haynes acknowledged "Corporal Alexander Scott, U.S. Patent Office, for superintending the engraving of maps, for engraved frontispiece and devise for cover."

Obituary

Hero of Civil War
Dies After Fall

Alexander Scott Dropped From

Window of Home During Sleep

Alexander Scott, for more than half a century connected with the United States patent office and a veteran of the civil war, died yesterday at a local hospital from injuries sustained in falling from a window of his home, 1202 Kenyon street northwest, last week. He had been ill and while in a state of somnambuliasm (sic) walked out of the window of his bedroom fracturing his skull and receiving other injuries from which he died. The funeral will be held from the Gawler undertaking establishment, 1730 Pennsylvania avenue northwest tomorrow afternoon at 1 o'clock. The interment will be in Arlington national cemetery, with military honors, under the auspices of Lincoln Post, Department of the Potomac, G.A.R. Masonic ceremonies will also mark the interment.

Mr. Scott was a native of Montreal, but was reared at Burlington, Vt. He was seventy-eight years old. At the opening of the civil war he was one of the first young men of his state to volunteer under the call of President Lincoln for 75,000 to put down the rebellion. He served with the 10th Vermont Volunteer Infantry through the entire war. At the battle of the Monocy (sic), Md., he distinguished himself by grabbing the stand of colors from the hand of the colorbearer who had been shot down and carried the standard over the top of the confederate breastworks with his command. He was badly wounded.

For this act Congress gave him the congressional medal of honor. He was wounded twice afterward. After the war he went to Flint, Mich., where he was engaged for a time in the lumber business. Leaving Flint he came to Washington fifty-five years ago and entered the patent office, where he remained up to 1921, when he retired as chief draftsman of that office, a post he had held for many years.

Mr. Scott was an active member of the Masonic fraternity for many years. He was a member of Washington Centennial Lodge, No. 14; Lafayette Royal Arch Chapter, No. 5, Washington Commandery, Knights Templar, and Almas Temple, A.A.O.N.M.S. These organizations will send delegations to the funeral service and interment service. Mr. Scott forty-five years ago was married to Miss Alice V. Skippon, at that time the first assistant of the normal school of the public school system in the old Franklin building. He is survived by his wife. He was a communicant of the Luther Place Memorial church. The funeral services will be conducted by Rev. Dr. George M. Diffenderfer.

Evening Star (Washington, DC), 28 May 1923

[Webmaster's Note - According to the Washington Times, 26 April 1907, "Alexander Scott has been named to succeed W. W. Hite as chief draftsman in the Patent Office at a salary of $2,000," a position he held until his death in 1923]

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