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Individual Record
Twitchell, Marshall Harvey
MILITARY SERVICE
Age: 21, credited to Townshend, VT
Unit(s): 4th VT INF, 109th USCI
Service: enl 8/26/61, m/i 9/21/61, PVT, Co. I, 4th VT INF, pr CPL 1/6/62, pr SGT 4/10/62, pr 1SGT 10/10/62, disch Brandy Station, for reen 12/15/63, wdd, Wilderness, 5/5/64, disch 9/9/64, for pr as CPT Co. H, 109th US CLRD INF, 6/16/64, tr to Freedman's Bureau, 10/65; m/o New Orleans, 8/66

See Legend for expansion of abbreviations

VITALS
Birth: 02/29/1840, Townshend, VT
Death: 08/21/1905

Burial: Oakwood Cemetery, Townshend, VT
Marker/Plot: Not recorded
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Tom Ledoux

Findagrave Memorial #: 0
(There may be a Findagrave Memorial, but we have not recorded it)
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Alias?: None noted
Pension?: Unknown
Portrait?: VHS off-site
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(State digraphs will show that this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldier's home)

Remarks: None
DESCENDANTS

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BURIAL:
Copyright notice
Tombstone

Tombstone

Oakwood Cemetery, Townshend, VT

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and other veterans who may be buried there.



Biography

Twitchell, Marshall Harvey, of Newfane, resident of Kingston, Canada, son of Harvey and Elizabeth (Scott) Twitchell, was born in Townshend, Feb. 28, 1840.

He was educated in the common schools and Leland Seminary. Like many young men of Vermont he taught school winters, worked on the farm and attended the seminary the other portions of the year.

In 1861 he enlisted with Co. I, 4th Regt. Vt. Vols. He was in fourteen battles with the old Vermont Brigade and was severely wounded at the battle of the Wilderness, being at the time in command of the company. In the winter of 1863-64 he made application and was appointed captain in the 109 USCT and was in the column which broke Lee's line at Petersburg and finally surrounded his army at Appomattox court house. In October, 1865, he was appointed provost marshal and agent of Freedman's Bureau with headquarters at Sparta, North Louisiana. Here, twenty-five miles from the nearest post, with no experience in civil government, he was legislator, judge, jury and sheriff. His government was so satisfactory that he was elected almost without opposition to represent the parish (county) of Bienville in the constitutional convention of 1868. He was appointed judge of the parish of Bienville in 1868. Elected to the state Senate for a term of four years in 1870 and re-elected for a second term in 1874. During his eight years in the Senate he was the principal agent in the creation of the parish (county) of Red River, building of the town of Couchatta and the organization of the public schools in the parishes of Bienville, Red River and De Sota.

He protected colored schools by the threat that as president of the school board he should refuse to sign the warrant for the pay of the teachers. The 2d of May, 1876, an attempt was made to assassinate him, from which he received six bullets, necessitating the amputation of both arms just above the elbow; his brother-in-law, George A. King, was killed at that time. His only brother, Homer, and his other two brothers-in-law, Willis and Holland, had been previously murdered in what is known as the Couchatta Massacre of 1874. Had the assassination been successful the result would have been to change the majority in the state Senate, which would have recognized a different House of Representatives, declared a different Governor and elected a different United States Senator. April, 1878, he was appointed Consul of the United States at Kingston, Canada.

In 1868 he purchased a cotton plantation on Lake Bisteneau. In 1869 took the direction of two plantations belonging to his father-in-law. In 1870 he purchased "Starlight" plantation on Red river, every year adding to his business, either by lease or purchase. He directed as principal owner two stores, two sets of mills, the hotel and the only newspaper established in the parish. His large property interests were partially abandoned after his attempted assassination in 1876, and entirely abandoned after the murder of John W. Harrison, his last agent, at "Starlight, " in the fall of 1875.

In 1864 he joined Blazing Star Lodge, F. & A.M., at Townshend. After the war he was J. W. of Silent Brotherhood Lodge, scribe of Chapter No. 35, and member of Jacques De Molay Commandery, all of Louisiana; he is also a member of Burchard Post, GAR, and Loyal Legion of Vermont.

In 1866 he married Adele, daughter of Colonel Coleman, one of the large cotton planters of North Louisiana. By this wife he has one son: Marshall Coleman. In 1876 he married Henrietta Day of Hampden, Mass., by whom he has one son: Emmus G.

Source: Jacob G. Ullery, compiler, Men of Vermont: An Illustrated Biographical History of Vermonters and Sons of Vermont, (Transcript Publishing Company, Brattleboro, VT, 1894), Part III, p. 160.

Obituary

COL. M. H. TWITCHELL
Had splendid war record and lost both arms by Ku Klan outrage


ST. ALBANS, Aug. 23 --- F. F. Twitchel of this city received word yesterday afternoon of the sudden death of his cousin Col, Marshall H. Twitchell, Unite States Consul at Kingston, Ont. , well known here as a frequent visitor to St. Albans.

Colonel Twitchell was born in Townshend Feb. 29, 1839, and is survived by two sons, Dr M. C. Twitchell of Burlington and Emerson G. Twitchell, a medical student at Kingston. Colonel Twitchell was the oldest United States Consul in the service, having been appointed by Rutherford B, Hayes in 1876, and having been continually in the service ever since.

Marshall H. Twitchell enlisted in the U. S. Army in the war of the Rebellion at Townshend Aug. 26, '61, was mustered into Co. I, 4th Regiment, Sept. 21, '61--re-enlisted Dec. 15, '63, wounded May 5, '64, promoted Corporal Jan. 6. '62, promoted Sergeant April 10, '62--promoted First Sergeant Oct. '62, promoted !st Lieut U. S. Colored troops , Oct. , '64; promoted Capt. Co. H, 109th U. S. Colored Troops June 18, '64, transferred to Freedman's Bureau Oct. '65--mustered out of the U. S. Service at New Orleans, Aug, '66

Cpl. Twitchell was wounded at the battle of the Wilderness, a ball entering the corner of his left eye and emerging from behind the left year. While Superintendent of the Freedmen's Bureau at Couchatta, La. , and judge of Beanville Parish, after the close of the war, Colonel Twitchell lost both arms as the result of an attempt on his life made by a hired assassin of the Ku Klux Klan, Colonel Twitchell was on the river on a boat with his brother-in-law, Henry King, and a negro servant when fired upon. Mr. King and the negro were killed, and Mr. Twitchell was wounded in the back of the neck, in one thigh, and both arms, necessitating the amputation of the arms above the elbow.
The Barre Daily Times, Aug. 22, 1905

Courtesy of Deanna French