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Individual Record

Austine, William

Age: 0, credited to Brattleboro, VT
Unit(s): USA
Service: USA 1833-1862; MAJ 3rd US ARTY 6/61, retd 2/20/62; AAPM, State of Vermont, 62-66; mustered into US service most Vermont regiments during the course of the war (birth name William Alfred Brown)

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Birth: 01/1815, Stonington, CT
Death: 09/04/1904

Burial: Cedar Hill Cemetery, Hartford, CT
Marker/Plot: Not recorded
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Heidi McColgan
Findagrave Memorial #: 90945580
Alias?: None noted
Pension?: Unknown
Portrait?: VHS off-site
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(If there are state digraphs above, this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldiers' home in that state after the war)

Remarks: Died in Brattleboro, VT

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Cedar Hill Cemetery, Hartford, CT

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and other veterans who may be buried there.



No. 965. CLASS OF 1838.
Died, September 4th, 1904, at Brattleboro, Vt., aged 89.

COLONEL WILLIAM AUSTINE who died at Brattleboro, Vt., September 4, 1904, was up to the time of his death the oldest living retired officer in the United States Army. He was born in Hartford, Connecticut, January, 1815, his real name being William A. Brown. On account of some litigation, however, his name was changed to William Austine soon after he entered the Army.

He was appointed a cadet from Connecticut to West Point, September 1, 1833, and was graduated July 1, 1838. Immediately after his graduation he was appointed Second Lieutenant of the Second Dragoons and twelve days later was transferred to duty as Second Lieutenant of the Third Dragoons, in which regiment he remained until November, 1839. At that time he was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant and assigned to the Third Artillery, a regiment distinguished for the number of its officers who became famous during the Civil War.

Colonel Austine served in the Florida War against the Seminole Indians from 1838 to 1842 as Adjutant in the Third Artillery. He was in garrison at Fort Pickens from 1841 to 1842 and at Fort Moultrie, S. C., from 1842 to 1846. During the War with Mexico, Colonel Austine took part in the siege of Vera Cruz and in the battles of Cerro Gordo, Contreras and Cherubusco, as well as in the skirmish of Amazoque and the capture of San Antonio.

For signal ability and gallantry in this campaign, he was promoted to Captain of the Third Artillery, August 13, 1847, and a short time after was given the rank of brevet Major for gallant and meritorious conduct. After the Mexican War he was in garrison at Fort Adams, R.I., for several years, with the exception of a short time spent in Florida, during the Indian hostilities of 1849 and 1850. Later, he was stationed at Fort Constitution, N. H., and Fort Wood, N. Y.

On account of poor health he was granted a leave of absence from 1854 to 1861, spending a part of the time in travel abroad.

In the latter year he assumed active duty in garrison at San Francisco Harbor, and was at that time appointed Major of the Third Artillery.

Colonel Austine was retired from active service February 20, 1862, for disability resulting from exposure in line duty, but he continued to serve as Superintendent of the Mustering and Volunteer Recruiting Service of Vermont at Burlington for three months after his discharge and was in Brattleboro in the same line of duty until November, 1866. His services were performed with great ability and were warmly commended by the department at Washington. In September, 1865, he was given the rank of Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel for long and faithful service.

During his service in the Mexican War, Colonel Austine kept a detailed journal which gives a wonderfully clear description of the different actions in which he was engaged. During one of the battles, a shell from the enemy's guns buried itself in the sand within a few yards of the Colonel, who unconcernedly marked the spot and a few months later unearthed the missile. The shell is now in the Brooks Free Library, Brattleboro, Vt.

Source (article and photograph): Thirty-Fifth Annual Reunion of the Association of the Graduates of the United States Military Academy, at West Point, New York, June 19th, 1904, (Seemann & Peters, Saginaw, Mich., 1904), pp. 298-300.

Webmaster's note: frequently noted in Vermonter records as Acting Assistant Provost Marshal for the State of Vermont.