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Individual Record

Hitchcock, Alfred

Age: 0, credited to Westminster, VT
Unit(s): Civilian Surgeon
Service: Surgeon, "a special agent of the state (Mass.) to superintend the care and transportation of the wounded" (College: DC, 1838, MC 1844)

See Legend for expansion of abbreviations

Birth: 10/17/1813, Westminster, VT
Death: 03/30/1874

Burial: Laurel Hill Cemetery, Fitchburg, MA
Marker/Plot: Lot 44, Birch Ave
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Heidi McColgan
Findagrave Memorial #: 92000204
Alias?: None noted
Pension?: Unknown
Portrait?: Unknown
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(If there are state digraphs above, this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldiers' home in that state after the war)

Remarks: None

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Laurel Hill Cemetery, Fitchburg, MA

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and other veterans who may be buried there.


Hitchcock, Alfred (1813-1874).

A surgeon of Fitchburg, Masachusetts, prominent during the civil war, Alfred Hitchcock was born in Westminster, Vermont, October 17, 1813, and died in Fitchburg, March 30, 1874. He was educated at Phillips Andover Academy and at Dartmouth Medical School, where he received his M. D. in 1838. Going on to Pittsfield he took a second M. D. from the Berkshire Medical Institution in 1843 and even then, not being satisfied with his sheepskins, got still a third at the Jefferson Medical College in 1845. Meanwhile Middlebury College had conferred an A. M. on him in 1844.

Settling in practice in Ashby, Massachusetts, he removed to Fitchburg in a short time. Between 1847 and 1855 he was a member of the governor's council and during the war a special agent of the state to superintend the care and transportation of the wounded.

According to Dr. S. D. Gross (A Century of Amer. Med., Phila. 1876, p. 176) Dr. Hitchcock performed the operation of esophagotomy successfully for the removal of a foreign body in 1867, this being among the early operations of the kind; he designed a stretcher, a surgical chair and a splint and remodeled several surgical instruments.

He was a member of the state medical society from 1839 until his death, delivering the annual discourse in 1869 on the topic: "Organic and parallel relation of some of the practical truths and errors of Christianity and medican science." We may suppose that the oration was founded on his publication: "Christianity and Medical Science," which appeared in 1867.

His son, James Ripley Wellman Hitchcock, was a graduate of Harvard in 1877, changing his name to Ripley Hitchcock. He attended lectures at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, and adopted literature as a profession, settling in New York. He published many articles on etching, also the "Western Art Movement" (1885).

Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1887, vol. iii. 215-216.