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1865
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1865/01/01Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/02Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/02Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, exchanged letters with Brigadier General J. M. Hawes, CSA, regarding parties sent out by flag of truce from Galveston. (ORN)
1865/01/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/04Commander Clary, USS Seminole, to Captain Emmons, reports the seizure of American schooner in Mexican waters, and other matters, off Brazos Santiago, Texas. (ORN)
1865/01/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/06Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal.' (more)
1865/01/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/07Lieutenant Commander B. B. Taylor, US Gunboat Kanawha, reported the seizure of the schooner Mary Ellen to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1865/01/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/08Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/09Rear Admiral Porter, making criticisms of the military operations by General Butler during the attacks on Fort Fisher in December, cites a letter from Lieutenant Commander Temple and the testimony of deserters proving that 'the works would have been ours had the troops been allowed to assault as they desired. (ORN)
1865/01/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/11Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, commended Acting Ensign N. A. Blume, USS Virginia, on the capture of the schooner Belle in Galveston harbor, indicating 'this cutting out was not only well planned, but well executed. (ORN)
1865/01/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/12Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/13USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, got underway from its anchorage on Cape Fear River, and stood in toward the beach to cover and assist in the landing of troops at Federal Point. (ORN)
1865/01/13The joint amphibious assault under Rear Admiral David D. Porter and Major General Alfred H. Terry took Fort Fisher, the key in the defense of Wilmington, North Carolina, which was the last port by which supplies from Europe could reach General Lee's troops at Richmond. (NavHist)
1865/01/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/14USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, remained at anchor all day, not participating in the bombardment of Federal Point. (ORN)
1865/01/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/15USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, got underway at 8:50 a.m., sailed in Line No. 1, led by USS Brooklyn, and opened fire on Fort Fisher until all 275 IX-inch shells onboard had been expended. The vessel also landed 40 men to participate in the assault on the fort. Seven were wounded. (ORN)
1865/01/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/16USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, attempting to cross the bar on the Cape Fear River, went aground, but got off without damage. (ORN)
1865/01/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/17USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, crossed the bar on the Cape Fear River, and came to anchor. (ORN)
1865/01/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/18Lieutenant Commander Newman, USS Nyack, sent a cutter in charge of Acting Ensign Henry B. Colby to sound the bar off Cape Fear River. (ORN)
1865/01/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/19Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/20A cutter from USS Nyack, in charge of Acting Ensign Henry B. Colby, was sent to intercept some vessels that had run in under Fort Caswell. At 4:20, he returned and 'reported that he had crossed the bar and passed up as far as Fort Caswell wharf and remained there about half an hour, when, finding the vessels did not attempt to run out again,' he returned to the Nyack. (ORN)
1865/01/20Lieutenant Commander Temple, reporting on his actions during the last week, reported to Rear Admiral Porter that 'the officers and men of this vessel behaved admirably throughout the whole affair,' and most specifically regarding the assaulting party, 'our detachment displayed coolness and courage under a withering fire of grape, canister, and musketry from Fort Fisher, and that several of them were afterward prominent in bringing off the wounded.' In a subsequent report, Porter recommended Temple, among others, for promotion for being 'under fire most of the time, and at close quarters,' and 'coolly performed what was required' of him. (ORN)
1865/01/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/21Captain Theodore P. Greene relieved Captain Thornton A. Jenkins, as commanding officer of USS Richmond. (ORN)
1865/01/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/22Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/23Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/23The Confederate fleet under Flag Officer John K. Mitchell attempted to dash down the James River to attack General Grant's headquarters at City Point, Virginia. The bold attack was thwarted when the heaviest of the ironclads ran aground. (NavHist)
1865/01/24Rear Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, reported proposed operations against Georgetown, S.C. He indicated that Captain Colvocoresses 'had been sent up, and made a full reconnaissance of the ground, and the preparations were going on. It is not every naval officer who has a taste for such matters, and I was entirely at a loss at the time for an officer of sufficient rank and experience to be entrusted with 500 sailors away from the ships, and to ensure a perfect concert with the vessels. (ORN)
1865/01/24Report of Lieutenant Commander Richard W. Meade, Jr., USS Chocura off Calcasieu Pass, La., to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, reporting the escape of two blockade runners, Granite City and Wave, and the destruction of the three-masted schooner Delphina, on the 20th and 22nd, respectively. Granite City escaped due to the disabled condition of the Chocura. (ORN)
1865/01/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/25Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/29Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/31General Robert E. Lee officially becomes general-in-chief of the Confederate States Army
1865/01/31Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolishes slavery throughout the United States. 13th Amendment
1865/01/31Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/31Congress approved the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery. 13th Amendment
1865/02/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/07Commander J. R. M. Mullany, USS Bienville, received permission from Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron off Galveston, Texas, to send a boat 'into the harbor of Galveston for the purpose of destroying the blockade runner Wren, which ran ashore last night and subsequently got off and escaped into the harbor.' The expedition was unable to destroy the steamer Wren, but did capture two schooners, the Pet and Annie Sophia, carrying 476 bales of cotton, and captured 20 prisoners. The captured schooners were taken to New Orleans by crewmen from the Bienville. (ORN)
1865/02/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/10Commander M. B. Woolsey, USS Princess Royal, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, off Galveston, reports on the destruction of the British schooner Will-o'-the wisp, a blockade runner. (ORN)
1865/02/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/11Lieutenant Commander A. E. K. Benham, USS Penobscot, reported the capture of the British schooner Matilda to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1865/02/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/16Lieutenant Commander W. W. Low, USS Octorara, to Captain Greene, Commanding First Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, giving information he received from refugees regarding affairs in the vicinity of Mobile. (ORN)
1865/02/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/17Charleston, confronted by General William T. Sherman's soldiers approaching from the rear and a Navy-supported amphibious assault from Bull's Bay, was evacuated. (NavHist)
1865/02/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/18CSS Shenandoah, Lieutenant James I. Waddell, departed Melbourne to resume her commerce raiding career in the Pacific. (NavHist)
1865/02/18Seventeen warships under Rear Admiral Porter, including USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, participated in a thirteen hour bombardment of Fort Anderson on the Cape Fear River, North Carolina. 'The fort silenced by 3 o'clock, but fire kept up all day, 380 shells being fired an hour into the work; meanwhile troops under General Schofield were working their way around to the rear of the enemy to cut them off, but the latter did not wait for the movement to be accomplished, and evacuated their works. (ORN)
1865/02/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/197th Regiment was ordered to join General Canby's expedition against Mobile. (Benedict)
1865/02/19Henry Mejij, commanding Mexican general at Matamoras, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, the senior naval officer of the United States off that place; regarding the suspension of functions of the US Consul. (ORN)
1865/02/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/20Sixteen warships under Rear Admiral Porter, including USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, participated in the shelling of Forts Strong and Lee on Cape Fear River, driving the garrison of Fort Strong out of their works; on the next day, both forts were occupied by Union troops under General Terry. (ORN)
1865/02/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/21Lieutenant Commander Temple, USS Pontoosuc, four miles below Wilmington, reported to Acting Rear Admiral Bailey, that he had led a squadron up the river 'after having got through a nice little fight at Fort Anderson' the previous day. (ORN)
1865/02/21USS Nyack's first cutter, in charge of Acting Ensign Henry B. Colby, was sent up the Cape Fear River 'for duty' (not further explained); the cutter returned the next morning. (ORN)
1865/02/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/22Col. William Wells, 1st Vt. Cav, receives a brevet promotion to Brigadier General (Crockett)
1865/02/22Tennessee adopts a new constitution that abolishes slavery.
1865/02/22Rear Admiral David D. Porter ordered USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, to proceed to the sounds of North Carolina and report to Commander W. H. Macomb for duty in his district. (ORN)
1865/02/22Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, to Commodore Jas. S. Palmer, commanding West Gulf Squadron, New Orleans: 'I forward you with this the report of Lieutenant Commander Erben, of the US gunboat Pinola, and of the officer in charge of a boat expedition, which, like several previous ones improvised in this division, proved a complete success to the extent of cutting out and destroying the armed rebel schooner Anna Dale, which, it will be seen, was only waiting an addition to her crew to put to sea from Pass Cavallo to prey upon our commerce. (ORN)
1865/02/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/23Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/24Captain Theodore P. Greene, USS Richmond, commanding First Division West Gulf Squadron, ordered Commander Peirce Crosby, USS Metacomet, to conduct a survey of 'Deep Hole,' in Mobile Bay. (ORN)
1865/02/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/26Reports of Lieutenant Commander Henry Wilson, US Gunboat Cayuga, Acting Ensign Robert Morris, USS Cayuga, Acting Ensign Charles V. Rummell, USS Pinola, and Acting Master Jno. H. Allen, USS Lackawanna, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, regarding an unsuccessful boat expedition into Galveston Harbor. (ORN)
1865/02/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/27Surgeon Ptolemy Edson, 17th Regiment, resigned and 'took with him the love and and respect of every man in the regiment.' (Peck)
1865/02/27Lieutenant Commander A. E. K. Benham, US Gunboat Penobscot, to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, reporting the destruction of the schooners Mary Agnes and Louisa at Aransas Pass. (ORN)
1865/02/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/28Acting Master Jno. H. Allen, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, reports on a boat expedition to the approaches of Galveston Harbor. (ORN)
1865/02/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/021st Vt. Cav. engaged at Waynesboro, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/03Congress authorizes the formation of the Freedman's Bureau
1865/03/03Acting Master Holley, at the New York Navy Yard, acknowledged receipt of orders promoting him from executive officer to command of USS New Berne, and pledged to 'endeavor to carry out the orders of the Department to the best of my abilities.' (ORN)
1865/03/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/04President Lincoln delivered his Second Inaugural Address (Lincoln)
1865/03/04Lieutenant Forrest, USS General Burnside, accompanied by USS General Thomas, Master Morton, led a Tennessee River expedition which followed the course of that river across the state of Alabama. At Mussel Shoals the naval force attacked and dispersed the encampment of Confederate General Philip D. Roddey and captured horses, military equipment and cotton. Forrest then proceeded to Lamb's Ferry where he destroyed Confederate communications and transportation facilities. He also destroyed numerous barges, boats and scows encountered along the course of the river. Finally, Forrest penetrated the Elk River, deep into the state of Tennessee, where he 'found a rich and populous country' in which 'a great deal of loyal sentiment was displayed'. (ORN)
1865/03/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/06Vt. Legislature meets in special session to ratify the 13th Amendment. 13th Amendment
1865/03/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/09The Vt. Legislature met in special session to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery. A one hundred gun salute was fired in Montpelier in honor of the ratification. (Crockett)
1865/03/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/13William Wells appointed brevet Major General, U.S. Volunteers (Peck)
1865/03/13Captain Theodore P. Greene, USS Richmond in Mobile Bay, ordered Commander Peirce Crosby, USS Metacomet, to verify charts of the waters of Mobile Bay that he received from Major General Canby. (ORN)
1865/03/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/16Captain Theodore P. Greene, USS Richmond, informed Major General Edward Canby, commanding District of Florida and West Mississippi, that he was 'most happy and ready to give you all the assistance in my power,' and offered six tinclads, all the light-draft vessels currently at his disposal. (ORN)
1865/03/16Lieutenant Commander George W. Young, Senior Officer present off Wilmington, passed the following to Rear Admiral Porter: 'Acting Master H. W. Grinnell and Acting Ensign H. B. Colby, of the Nyack, volunteered to convey an communication to the army that [Major General Schofield] might have to send, and as their commanding officer had no objections, I gave the permission to undertake the service. I am happy to state they were in time to meet General Sherman just outside of Fayetteville. (ORN)
1865/03/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/177th Regiment engaged or present at Mobile Campaign and Spanish Fort, AL, through April 9 (Battles)
1865/03/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/23Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/24CSS Stonewall, Captain Thomas J. Page, put to sea from Ferrol, Spain, en route to Havana. The ironclad was intended to raise the blockade of one or more southern ports. (NavHist)
1865/03/24Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Ezra Leonard, USS Carrabasset, at Berwick Bay, La., reported to Captain Emmons, Senior Officer, Commanding at New Orleans, that he had taken on board 40 of the 93rd US Colored Inf., under command of Captain Thomas J. Whiteman, and supported the infantry's skirmish at Bayou Teche. (ORN)
1865/03/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/251st Brigade, engaged or present at Petersburg, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/261st Brigade, engaged or present at Petersburg, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/271st Brigade, engaged or present at Petersburg, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/28Rear Admiral Porter joined Generals Grant and Sherman for a conference with President Lincoln on board steamer River Queen at City Point, Virginia. They discussed the strategy to be followed in the closing days of the war and how the South would be treated at the close of the conflict. (NavHist)
1865/03/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/29The Appomattox campaign begins, with Grant's move against Lee's defenses at Petersburg, Va. (smithsonian)
1865/03/29Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/31Lieutenant Commander Temple, USS Pontoosuc, on the James River, recommended medals of honor be awarded for men under his command 'for gallantry, skill and coolness in actions during the operations in and about Cape Fear River, which extended from December 24, 1864, to February 22, 1865, and which resulted in the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington.' Among the men he recommended was Robert M. Blair, boatswain's mate, a fellow Vermonter. (ORN)
1865/03/31Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/011st Vt. Cav. engaged at Five Forks, Va. (Battles)
1865/04/01Adjutant Eugene F. Ferris, 30th MA INF, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1865/04/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/02Charles Edward Phelps, 7th Maryland Inf., was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (MOH Page)
1865/04/02Sergeant Lester Gould Hack, 5th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (MOH Page)
1865/04/02Charles Gilbert Gould, 5th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (MOH Page)
1865/04/02The 3rd Battery fired the signal shot at 4 a.m. that initiated the final assault on Petersburg which was led by the 1st Vt. Brigade.. (Battles)
1865/04/02Captain Ira H. Evans, 116th U.S. Colored Troops, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (MOH Page)
1865/04/02Corporal Charles W. Dolloff, Co. K, 11th Inf., was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (MOH Page)
1865/04/02Major William J. Sperry, 6th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1865/04/02Sergeant Jackson Sargent, Co. D, 5th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (MOH Page)
1865/04/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/021st Lieutenant Gardner C. Hawkins, 3rd VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (MOH Page)
1865/04/031st Vt. Cav. engaged at Namozine Church, VA (Battles)
1865/04/03The 9th Regiment was among the first troops to enter the city of Richmond, Va. on the morning of its capture. (Peck)
1865/04/03Midshipmen at the Confederate Naval Academy, under the command of Lieutenant William H. Parker, escorted the archives of the government and the specie and bullion of the treasury from Richmond to Danville and southward. (NavHist)
1865/04/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/04Rear Admiral Porter accompanied President Lincoln up the James River to Richmond on board flagship Malvern. Vice Admiral David G. Farragut had already arrived in the Confederate capital. (NavHist)
1865/04/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/06Private Samuel E. Eddy, 37th Mass. Inf., was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1865/04/06The 2nd Regiment fired the last shot of the Sixth Army Corps, on the eastern fork of Sailor's Creek, VA (Peck)
1865/04/062nd Regiment was engaged or present at Sailor's Creek, Va. (Battles)
1865/04/06Major Charles P. Mattocks, 17th ME INF, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1865/04/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/07Commander Ed. T. Nichols, commanding USS Mendota, turned over command of Hampton Roads, to Commander Temple, USS Pontoosuc. (ORN)
1865/04/07Rear Admiral H. K. Thatcher, US Flagship Stockdale, in Mobile Bay, ordered 'two or more Marsilly gun carriages, with equipments and breechings, for use in Mobile Bay' from Captain Emmons, Senior Officer, New Orleans. (ORN)
1865/04/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/08Private George B. Dunn, Co. M, 1st Vt. Cav., was the last Vermonter killed in action, and First Lieutenant Willard Farrington, Co. L, 1st Vt. Cav., was the last Vermonter wounded in action. (Peck)
1865/04/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/091st Vt. Cav. engaged at Appomattox Court House, Va. (Battles)
1865/04/097th Regiment at Blakely, Ala. (Dyer)
1865/04/09Captain Henry C. Nichols, 73rd U.S. Colored Troops, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1865/04/09General Lee met General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse and formally surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia. (NavHist)
1865/04/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/09Union troops, led by skirmishers from the 9th VVI, enter Richmond
1865/04/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/11President Lincoln delivered his speech on Reconstruction; his last public speech. (Lincoln)
1865/04/11Batteries Tracy and Huger, up the Blakely River from Spanish Fort, fell to Union forces and Confederate troops evacuated Mobile, which was surrendered by the mayor. (NavHist)
1865/04/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/13President Lincoln hastily wrote out a brief pass for Alfred Burbank Darling (1821-1896), a native of Burke, Vt.. (Lincoln)
1865/04/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/137th Regiment in action at Whistler's Station, AL. (Dyer)
1865/04/14President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. (Lincoln)
1865/04/14Major Anderson, Commander of the Union Army garrison at Fort Sumter, surrendered, on 14 April 1861 (NavHist)
1865/04/14President Lincoln was shot shortly after 10 p.m. while watching 'Our American Cousin' at Ford's Theatre, Washington. He died at 7:22 a.m. the next morning. (NavHist)
1865/04/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/14President Lincoln is shot by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater
1865/04/15The 8th Regiment was ordered to Washington and posted about the City to prevent the escape of the assassin of President Lincoln (Peck)
1865/04/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/15President Lincoln died at Peterson House, across the street from Ford's Theater.
1865/04/16Sergeant Norman F. Bates, Co. E, 4th IA CAV, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1865/04/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/197th Regiment moved to McIntosh Bluff on the Tombigee River, where they stayed until 9 May. (Dyer)
1865/04/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/22Abstract log of USS Richmond: Captain Theodore P. Greene: In Mobile Bay and to sea. (ORN)
1865/04/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/23CSS Webb, Lieutenant Read, dashed from the Red River and entered the Mississippi in a heroic last-ditch effort to escape to sea. Trapped below New Orleans, Webb was grounded and fired to avoid capture. (NavHist)
1865/04/23Abstract log of USS Richmond: Captain Theodore P. Greene: Crossed the bar at South West Pass and stood up the Mississippi River and anchored above Quarantine. (ORN)
1865/04/23Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/24Lieutenant Commander Temple, USS Pontoosuc at Hampton Roads, Virginia, ordered the steamer Osceola, Lieutenant John Weidman, to proceed to Pocomoke Sound, on the eastern shore of Virginia, in search of the President's assassin. (ORN)
1865/04/24Abstract log of USS Lackawanna, Captain Emmons: Off New Orleans, La.: 'At 9 a.m. received information of a rebel ram coming down the river. Cleared away battery and loaded with solid shot. At 12:30 p.m. rebel ram William H. Webb came down the river. Opened on her with solid shot, four of which struck. Ossipee, Pembina, and Port Royal also opened fire on her. Hollyhock and Florida went in pursuit. At 3:45 p.m. the Ouachita (tinclad), of Admiral Lee's fleet, came down the river, reporting the William H. Webb having passed, and was ordered down in chase, though three and one-half hours astern of her. At 7 p.m. Hollyhock and Florida returned, announcing the burning and destruction of the William H. Webb. (ORN)
1865/04/24Abstract log of USS Richmond: Captain Greene: Anchored to repair engine at 12:30 p.m. At 2 p.m. a suspicious looking side-wheel steamer, with no colors, came in sight around a point on our starboard bow. Seeing this vessel, stranger, put back behind the point and fired three guns. Went to general quarters. Strange steamer was then run on shore, set on fire, and abandoned. Proved to be the rebel ram William H. Webb. Steamer Hollyhock came down the river; spoke us and informed us that the Webb ran out of Red River last night, passing through our fleet at the mouth of that river and at New Orleans without injury. At 4:25 p.m. the Webb blew up. Picked up 11 bales of floating cotton. (ORN)
1865/04/24Acting Rear Admiral H. K. Thatcher to Major General Banks: 'I have ordered Captain Emmons, senior naval officer afloat here, to prepare every available gun in the fleet now here for immediate service and to bring them to bear on that point of the river by which a vessel coming down the river can reach this port. I have none but wooden vessels here and such as come to port for repairs, except the steam sloop Richmond, Captain Greene, now bound up river from Mobile Bay, with a battery of twenty-two X-inch guns. (ORN)
1865/04/24Lieutenant Commander Lull, USS Tennessee, was aboard a tug at 1:30 a.m., headed south to deliver dispatches to General Canby when he was passed by the rebel ram William H. Webb. Lull came alongside USS General Price, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant William R. Wells, to relay the information. They tried until 9 a.m. to telegraph the intelligence to New Orleans, without success, as lines on the east side of the river at Plaquemine and Donaldsonville had been cut. (ORN)
1865/04/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/25Abstract log of USS Lackawanna, Captain Emmons: Off New Orleans, La.: Sent men aboard Hollyhock to wreck the William H. Webb. At 8 p.m. Hollyhock returned with wrecking party and six prisoners, who were transferred to the Richmond. (ORN)
1865/04/25Abstract log of USS Richmond, Captain Theodore P. Greene: 8 to midnight: The following officers, belonging to the rebel ram Webb, were brought on board from the Lackawanna; Lieutenant C. W. Read, commanding ram; Lieutenant W. H. Wall, Master S. P. Blanc, Passed Midshipman H. H. Scott, Assistant Surgeon W. J. Addison, Pilot James West. (ORN)
1865/04/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/26John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln's assassin, is captured and killed by Cavalryman Boston Corbett
1865/04/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/27The steamboat Sultana, carrying 2,300 passengers, explodes and sinks in the Mississippi River, killing 1,700, most of whom were Union survivors of Andersonville prison
1865/04/27The body of John Wilkes Booth, President Lincoln's assassin, was delivered on board USS Montauk, anchored in the Anacostia River off the Washington Navy Yard. (NavHist)
1865/04/27Abstract log of USS Richmond, Captain Greene: Sent rebel prisoners to Florida for passage North. Florida stood down river. (ORN)
1865/04/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/28Lieutenant Commander Lull, USS Tennessee, commanding, pro tem., Third Division Mississippi Squadron, forwarded reports in regard to the escape of the rebel ram William H. Webb from USS Manhattan and USS Tennessee, to Lieutenant Commander Edward C. Grafton, Commanding Third District Mississippi Squadron. (ORN)
1865/04/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/29Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/04/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I have got a very bad diarrhea today. I am on guard tonight. (more)
1865/05/02Captain Greene, Lieutenant Commander Bancroft Gherradi and Carpenter George E. Burcham reported to Acting Rear Admiral H. K. Thatcher regarding their survey of damages to premises in New Orleans that were caused by shot from the USS Port Royal, while firing at the Rebel ram Webb on 24 April. (ORN)
1865/05/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We received orders to pack up and be ready to start tomorrow morning at 4. (more)
1865/05/03CSA Secretary of the Navy Mallory submitted his resignation to President Davis at Washington, Georgia. (NavHist)
1865/05/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started at 7 this morning. We arrived the Appomattox at Broadway landing. (more)
1865/05/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started at 6 this morning and passing through Richmond and Mechanicsburg. (more)
1865/05/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I was so hard up that I got into the Ambulance today and tonight I went to Walden and he gave me some pills. (more)
1865/05/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started at 4 and went out by Wilford Station to Bowling Green. (more)
1865/05/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We have a real pretty camp here. I am feeling better tonight. (more)
1865/05/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: Went out by the battle ground and within one and a half miles of Fredericksburg turned back. (more)
1865/05/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I did not sleep any on account of my tooth last night. (more)
1865/05/097th Regiment returned to Mobile, AL (Dyer)
1865/05/10President Jefferson Davis was captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia. (NavHist)
1865/05/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started early this morning and passed through Dumfries and camped about 4 miles from that place. (more)
1865/05/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We had a very hard thundershower tonight. I slept in the ambulance as I have for three nights. (more)
1865/05/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: As Swan and I were going to put up a tent, the Capt ordered me to pack my knapsack and be ready to go to the hospital. (more)
1865/05/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/15Captain Greene, commanding Naval Forces, New Orleans, to Rear Admiral Lee, commanding Mississippi Squadron: 'The ram Stonewall is reported to have left Havana on the 11th instant, bound for Galveston. Please send down the Manhattan immediately, if possible, for protection at the mouth of the river.' (ORN)
1865/05/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I got a pass and went out to my company this morning. (more)
1865/05/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: The 1st and 2nd division of Sheridan's cavalry were encamped near here. (more)
1865/05/17Colonel Holbrook, 7th Regiment, reported on the siege of Spanish Fort, near Mobile, AL (Reports)
1865/05/18Captain Greene, USS Stockdale, commanding Naval Forces, New Orleans, ordered Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Commander J. W. Smith, USS Bermuda, to take prisoners captured from the ram William H. Webb to Philadelphia. (ORN)
1865/05/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/19William Wells, 1st Vt. Cav., promoted to Brigadier General. (Crockett)
1865/05/19CSS Stonewall, Captain T. J. Page, was turned over to Cuban officials at Havana. (NavHist)
1865/05/20Acting Master Morton, commanding at Bridgeport, Ala., to Admiral Lee: Captain Forrest left here, 18th instant, to report in person to you. Yesterday, at Bellefonte, Colonel Norwood, CSA, officers and men, 202 in number, surrendered to me and were paroled. (ORN)
1865/05/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/22William Wells assumed command of the 3rd Cavalry Division (more)
1865/05/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/23Pvt George H. Tambling, Co. G, 4th VVI, died of disease. (Cemetery database)
1865/05/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/26Captain Greene represented the US Navy, and Major General Ed. R. S. Canby the US Army at the surrender of Confederate forces of the Trans-Mississippi army and navy on this date. (ORN)
1865/05/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/31Commander William E. Le Roy, US steam sloop Ossipee, to Captain Emmons, commanding Third Division, Mobile Bay, reports on the execution of orders for convoy duty. (ORN)
1865/05/31Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/06/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/06/02Terms of surrender of Galveston were signed on board USS Fort Jackson by Major General E. Kirby Smith on behalf of the Confederacy. (NavHist)
1865/06/027th Regiment departed Mobile for Brazos Santiago, TX (Dyer)
1865/06/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/06/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/06/057th Regiment arrived at Brazos Santiago, TX (Dyer)
1865/06/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/06/081st Brigade participated in the Corps Review, Washington, D. C. (Dyer)
1865/06/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/06/14Lieutenant Commander Lull, USS Lafayette, off the mouth of Red River, Acting Chief Engineer Robert Tate and Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Jno. Swaney reported to Lieutenant Commander James P. Foster, commanding Third Division Mississippi Squadron, on a survey conducted of the ironclad steamer Missouri and the steamer Mary T. (Cotton), both recently surrendered. (ORN)
1865/06/147th Regiment transferred from Brazos Santiago to Clarksville, TX (Dyer)
1865/06/153rd Battery mustered out, having lost during service 21 by disease. Total 21. (Dyer)
1865/06/19About 300 recruits from the 2nd Regiment, whose terms of service were to expire before 1, October, 1865 were Mustered out. (Benedict)
1865/06/21USS Lackawanna, Captain Emmons, sailed from Pensacola for New York. (ORN)
1865/06/22Secretary Welles announced to the naval forces that France and Great Britain had 'withdrawn from the insurgents the character of belligerents' WHERE ID = and that the blockade of the coast of the United States would soon be lifted. (NavHist)
1865/06/266th Regiment mustered out, having lost 12 Officers and 191 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 212 Enlisted men by disease. Total 418. (Battles)
1865/06/288th Regiment mustered out, having lost 4 Officers and 115 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 7 Officers and 241 Enlisted men by disease. total 367. (Dyer)
1865/06/28This date marked the most successful single day CSS Shenandoah, Lieutenant Waddell, enjoyed as a commerce raider during her long cruise that spanned 13 months and covered 58,000 miles. On this field day Waddell captured 11 American whalers near the narrows of the Bering Strait. (NavHist)
1865/06/295th Regiment mustered out, having lost 11 Officers and 202 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 124 Enlisted men by disease. Total 338. (Dyer)
1865/07/01Commander John Downes relieved Captain Greene as senior officer at New Orleans. (ORN)
1865/07/10First Assistant Engineer Alfred Lapoint, US S. Conemaugh, was listed as one of several due prize money for that vessel's participation in the attack on the defenses of Mobile Bay, on August 5, 1864. (ORN)
1865/07/113rd Regiment mustered out, having lost 5 Officers and 201 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 164 Enlisted men by disease. Total 371. (Dyer)
1865/07/134th Regiment mustered out, having lost 12 Officers and 150 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 279 Enlisted men by disease. Total 442. (Dyer)
1865/07/1317th Regiment mustered out, having lost 14 Officers and 133 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 116 Enlisted men by disease. Total 264. (Dyer)
1865/07/14Richard Ryan, Pvt, Co. H, 17th VVI, was dishonorably discharged (17th Infantry)
1865/07/15The 2nd Regiment mustered out, after serving four years, one month, five days, and losing 6 Officers and 217 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded, 136 Enlisted men by disease, 22 who died in prison, and 4 from other causes, for a total of 385 fatalities out of a total of 1858 men who served. In addition, 692 men had been wounded, and 129 had been taken prisoner. (Peck)
1865/07/18Rear Admiral Louis M. Goldsborough arrived at Flushing, in the Netherlands, where he hoisted his flag on USS Colorado and assumed command of the reinstated European Squadron. The East India Squadron was reactivated on 31 July (NavHist)
1865/07/19Acting Assistant Surgeon Orison B. Damon was among a number of officers discharged from the Mississippi Squadron and ordered to report to Commodore John W. Livingston, Commanding Naval Station Mound City, Ill., for further orders. (ORN)
1865/07/251st Company Heavy Artillery mustered out. (Dyer)
1865/07/312nd Battery mustered out, having lost during service 1 Enlisted man killed and 53 Enlisted men by disease. Total 54. (Dyer)
1865/08/02Lieutenant Waddell, CSS Shenandoah, spoke the English bark Barracouta and for the first time learned positively that the war was over. He determined to make a nonstop voyage to Liverpool, England, via Cape Horn. (NavHist)
1865/08/02The report of Commander A. Bryson, US Navy, 'giving qualifications and character of certain officers who served under his command' included USS Exchange, J. C. Gipson, Acting volunteer lieutenant, 'no force, not intelligent, and not overfond of work.' (ORN)
1865/08/027th Regiment departed Clarksville for Brownsville, TX (Dyer)
1865/08/031LT William H. Humphrey, Co. G, 4th VVI, was discharged for wounds incurred at Petersburg on 2 Apr 1865 (4th Infantry)
1865/08/04Acting Assistant Paymaster Henry G. Colby, USS Essex, was one of eleven paymasters detached from vessels in the Mississippi Squadron and 'ordered to report by letter to the Department for settlement of their accounts.' (ORN)
1865/08/05Acting Ensign Frederick H. Wait, in charge of the US S. Oriole at Mound City, Ill., was ordered to report to Commodore John W. Livingston, commanding Naval Station Mound City, for further orders. (ORN)
1865/08/05Report of Acting Rear Admiral Lee, giving names of officers detached from his squadron included: (ORN)
1865/08/05Acting Volunteer Lieutenant James C. Gipson, USS Exchange, residence: Rochester, Racine County, Wis. (ORN)
1865/08/05Masters Mate Thomas Kennedy, USS Fort Hindman, residence: Philadelphia, Pa., at the corner of Catherine and Third Streets. (ORN)
1865/08/10Acting First Assistant Engineer Thomas Blanchard, USS Argosy, residence, North Troy, Vt., was detached from his command and given permission to await at his residence for orders. (ORN)
1865/08/12Brazil Squadron reactivated under Rear Admiral Godon in flagship Susquehanna. (NavHist)
1865/08/2511th Regiment mustered out, having lost during service 10 Officers and 154 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 410 Enlisted men by disease. Total 576. (Dyer)
1865/09/11Emperor Maximilian approved the 'Regulations and Instructions' prepared by Matthew Fontaine Maury to encourage emigration of Southerners to Mexico. The Emperor also appointed Maury director of the proposed National Observatory. (NavHist)
1865/09/15Landsman Henry S. Webster, U.S. Navy, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1865/09/28Joseph N. Calhoun, Pvt, Co. K, 10th VVI, was discharged, and went home to Newport, Vt. (10th Infantry)
1865/09/30Thomas H. Green, 45th USCI, was discharged. (African Americans)
1865/10/01Nathan Parish Bowman, Additional Paymaster (Major) US Army, resigned after serving in the Department of North Carolina (US Army)
1865/10/05US General Hospital in Brattleboro closed. Diary)
1865/11/10Major Henry Wirz, the superintendent of Andersonville prison, is hanged, becoming the only Civil War soldiers to be executed for war crimes.
1865/12/019th Regiment mustered out, having lost 2 Officers and 22 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 278 Enlisted men by disease. Total 305. (Dyer)
1865/12/04Secretary Welles announced that the West India Squadron was to be re-established under Commodore James S. Palmer, in that area 'where we have so large a trade, owing to the proximity of the islands to our shores, it is essential that we cultivate friendly relations.' (NavHist)
1865/12/06The 13th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery. 13th Amendment
1865/12/12Sloan US General Hospital in Montpelier closed (The Vermont Encyclopedia)
1865/12/18The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution forever abolished slavery
1865/12/31In his annual report to the President, Secretary Welles wrote: 'It is still wise -- the wisest -- economy to cherish the navy, to husband its resources, to invite new supplies of youthful courage and skill to its service, to be amply supplied with all needful facilities and preparations for efficiency, and thus to hold within prompt and easy reach its vast and salutary power for the national defence and self- vindication.' (NavHist)

(See also 1865 New York Times articles)