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Vermont Civil War Timeline
What Happened in December
1861/12/01US Storeship Supply, Commander Colvocoresses, arrived at Key West, Florida, , reporting the lost of a bower due to the parting of the starboard cable. Supply was ordered to sail the next day for Fort Pickens, Florida. (ORN)
1861/12/06Captain T. Bailey, commanding USS Colorado off Fort Pickens, cited the loss of five lieutenants and four midshipmen who had been ordered home, and requested the detail of Lieutenant George Dewey, then on board the US steamer Mississippi, for duty on the Colorado. (ORN)
1861/12/14The 1st Vt. Cavalry left Vt. for Washington, 'requiring for the journey 153 cars, made up into a train of five sections.' (Peck)
1861/12/18Commander George F. Emmons, USS Hatteras, reported to Flag Officer W. W. McKean, commanding Gulf Blockading Squadron, regarding affairs off Apalachicola, and a reconnaissance of St. Joseph's Bay. (ORN)
1861/12/21Congress enacted legislation providing for the Medal of Honor. (NavHist)
1861/12/27Captain L. M. Powell, USS Potomac, sent three boats, one under Acting Midshipman Charles H. Humphrey, to interdict a blockade runner off Mobile Bar. (ORN)
1862/12/01Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/02Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/04Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/05USS R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons, was ordered to proceed to Pensacola navy yard to take on coal and three months' supplies of provisions, and return to its blockading duties 'at this place with dispatch. (ORN)
1862/12/06George Benedict, 12th Regiment: 'The Thanksgiving dinner of the officers' mess of Company C came off to-day, and was a highly select and recherché affair.' (Army Life)
1862/12/08Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/09Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/10Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/11Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/1216th Regiment participated in picket duty near Fairfax Court House to January 20, 1863. (Dyer)
1862/12/1212th Regiment on picket duty near Fairfax Court House until January 20. (Dyer)
1862/12/12USS Cairo, Lieutenant Commander T. O. Selfridge, was sunk in the Yazoo River, the first ship to be destroyed by a Confederate torpedo. (NavHist)
1862/12/13Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/14Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/15Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/16Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/17Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/18Colonel Lord, Sixth Vt., resigned on account of ill health and Lieutenant Colonel Tuttle was promoted to the command of the regiment. Major Barney succeeded him as Lieutenant Colonel, and Capt. Oscar A. Hale was appointed Major. (Crockett)
1862/12/18Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/19Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/20Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/21Commodore H. H. Bell, at Pensacola Bay, forwarded to Rear Admiral Farragut, two letters from Captain Thornton A. Jenkins reporting a collision of the US Storeship Supply, Commander Colvocoresses, with the US steam sloop Oneida, and Jenkins' demand for a court of enquiry. (ORN)
1862/12/21Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/22Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/23Commodore H. H. Bell, at Pensacola Bay, directed Commander Colvocoresses to proceed with Supply to New Orleans. (ORN)
1862/12/23Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/24Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/25Ralph Sturtevant, 13th Regiment, in camp at Fairfax Court House: 'our regiment spent Christmas in camp and no duty. We thought of home and knew that many a stocking would not be found in its accustomed place, and the usual Christmas dinners and parties likely in many homes would be omitted because of fathers and sons in the army. I recall our cooks made extra efforts to have something nice for dinner on this Christmas day. We had pork and beans that had been roasted and baked all night in a bed of coals hot for dinner, boiled rice with good sale molasses or muscavade sugar, old government Java coffee, nice hard tack, (worms all shook out), sweet potatoes and corned beef, and all this cooked in good shape. We thought it a dinner fit for a king and all were merry.' (Sturtevant, 103)
1862/12/25Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/26Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slocum, D.C. (more)
1862/12/26Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/27Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/28Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/2912th Regiment defending Fairfax Court House from attack by Stuart's cavalry. (Dyer)
1862/12/29Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/30Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1862/12/31USS Monitor, Commander J. P. Bankhead, foundered and was lost at sea off Cape Hatteras. (NavHist)
1862/12/31Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/12/07Steamer Chesapeake en route Portland, Maine, was seized off Cape Cod by Confederates disguised as passengers and carried to Nova Scotia. (NavHist)
1863/12/11A force of 60 rebels, under a Major Bradford, came in to attempt to destroy the Indianola. The Carondelet opened fire on them and drove them off. Acting Master Gipson, hearing that the rebels were coming back, went on shore with 30 men; the rebels were there again, but on his approach retreated without firing a gun. (ORN)
1863/12/21The 3rd Sharpshooter Company, with its regiment, reenlisted as an organization. (Peck)
1863/12/21December 21, the company, with its regiment, reenlisted as an organization, and on January 7, 1864, these veterans having received furloughs started for home. February 23, returned to their camp near Culpeper with their bodies and their ranks both recruited, the company again numbering 100 men as when it first left Vt.. (Peck)
1863/12/22Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Brattleboro. (more)
1864/12/01Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/02Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/03Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/03Capt. Alonzo B. Whitney, 26th USCI, of Brookfield, VT, was mortally wounded in the groin by friendly fire from the 56th NY INF at Gregory's Farm. He died two days later. (Kimball's scrapbook)
1864/12/04Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/05Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/05Brigadier General Hawes, CSA, to Captain Emmons, commanding US Naval Forces off Galveston, Texas: requests from noncombatants for transportation under a flag of truce. (ORN)
1864/12/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/06Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/07Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/08Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/08Lieutenant Commander Richard W. Meade, Jr., USS Chocura, to Captain Emmons, commanding Third Division West Gulf Blockading Fleet, Texas Coast; reports on a three week cruise of Velasco, Texas, including details on captured vessels. (ORN)
1864/12/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/09Aldace Walker, 11th Vt. Inf. 'The Vt. Brigade was one of the last in the corps to return to Petersburg. On the 9th of December, in a driving snow-storm, it took the cars at Stevenson's depot, and thus, in the night and the tempest it finally left the Shenandoah Valley.' (Walker)
1864/12/09Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/10Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/11Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/12Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/13Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/13Rear Admiral Farragut arrived in New York City, for a period of rest after his arduous duty in the Gulf of Mexico and was acclaimed as a conquering hero. Ten days later he was promoted to the newly established rank of Vice Admiral. (NavHist)
1864/12/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/14Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/15Corporal Samuel J. Churchill, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/12/15Private Warren D. Mather died at Jarvis U. S. General Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, as the result of a gunshot wound received at the battle of Cedar Creek, October 19th. His father, George W. Mather, who had been attending him, took the body back to Vt. for burial. (Italo)
1864/12/15Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/16Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/17Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/18Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/19Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/201st Vt. Cav. engaged at Lacy's Spring, Va. (Battles)
1864/12/20Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/21Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/21Flag Officer W. W. Hunter destroyed the last of the Confederate Savannah Squadron to prevent its capture by the advancing forces of General W. T. Sherman. (NavHist)
1864/12/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/22Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/22Near Decatur, Alabama, USS General Thomas, Acting Master Morton, shelled Confederate troops, ' Who 'returned fire' with fury. (ORN)
1864/12/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/23Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/23A small remnant of veterans and recruits remaining after Company F, 1st Sharpshooters was disbanded were transferred to Co. E, 2nd Sharpshooters (Dyer)
1864/12/23Lieutenant Commander B. B. Taylor, USS Kanawha, to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron off Galveston, reports a collision with his ship and the US Army transport Exact the previous day. Abstract log of USS Kanawha indicated minimal damage and no casualties on either vessel. (ORN)
1864/12/23Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/24Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/24The schooner Sophronia, Acting Master J. A. French, was ordered to proceed to Key West and report to Acting Rear Admiral C. K. Stribling for duty in the East Gulf Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1864/12/24Lieutenant Commander B. B. Taylor, USS Kanawha, to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron off Galveston, Texas, regarding the destruction of a sloop attempting to violate the blockade to the southward of Caney Creek. (ORN)
1864/12/24Rear Admiral David D. Porter, off New Inlet, N.C., ordered USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, to proceed 'to cruise off New Inlet, at the distance of about 10 miles to the southeast-ward of the inlet. (ORN)
1864/12/24USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, commanding USS Pontoosuc, reported on his operations in the attack upon the rebel works at the mouth of Cape Fear River from December 24 to 27 to Rear Admiral David D. Porter, commanding North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1864/12/24Report of Commodore H. K. Thatcher, onboard US Steam Frigate Colorado off Wilmington, North Carolina, to Rear Admiral David D. Porter, commanding North Atlantic Squadron, on actions with the forts off Wilmington on the 24th and 25th, includes the following: 'It is difficult to make a distinction when all did their duty so faithfully. I should, however, be doing injustice to the executive officer, Lieutenant George Dewey, were I not to mention the invaluable assistance which he gave me in having all the departments of the ship in perfect order for battle, as well as for the valuable aid in the management of the ship during the action. (ORN)
1864/12/24A joint Army-Navy operation under Rear Admiral Porter and Major General B. F. Butler unsuccessfully attempted to take the Confederate stronghold of Fort Fisher, Wilmington, by amphibious assault. (NavHist)
1864/12/24Boatswain's Mate Robert M. Blair, U.S. Navy, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/12/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/25Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/26Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/27Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/27Near Decatur, Alabama, USS General Thomas, Acting Master Morton, cooperated with US troops. (ORN)
1864/12/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/28Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/29Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/29Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, gives a list of vessels captured by his command during the last month, and the disposition of the ships and prisoners captured. (ORN)
1864/12/29Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/30Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1864/12/31Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1864/12/31The muster roll of the USS Brooklyn included three Vermonters: H. H. Berry, a landsman, who enlisted September 2, 1864, in Boston, age 23, a machinist, blue eyes, brown hair, fair complexion; B. Carey, a landsman, who enlisted September 1, 1864, in Boston, age 22, a farmer, blue eyes, brown hair, fair complexion; Lewis Young, a landsman, enlisted September 3, 1864, in Boston, age 22, no occupation listed, hazel eyes, brown hair, dark complexion. All three had been processed into the navy on the receiving ship USS Ohio. (ORN)
1864/12/31Rear Admiral Porter, giving a list of vessels and their commanding officers that participate in the attacks on Fort Fisher, included 54 vessels, including USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple. All these vessels, he said, 'having so well performed their part in reducing these formidable works to a condition where they could be easily taken possession of, they are entitled to all the credit that they have so well earned. (ORN)
1864/12/31Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/12/019th Regiment mustered out, having lost 2 Officers and 22 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 278 Enlisted men by disease. Total 305. (Dyer)
1865/12/04Secretary Welles announced that the West India Squadron was to be re-established under Commodore James S. Palmer, in that area 'where we have so large a trade, owing to the proximity of the islands to our shores, it is essential that we cultivate friendly relations.' (NavHist)
1865/12/06The 13th Amendment is ratified, abolishing slavery. 13th Amendment
1865/12/12Sloan US General Hospital in Montpelier closed (The Vermont Encyclopedia)
1865/12/18The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution forever abolished slavery
1865/12/31In his annual report to the President, Secretary Welles wrote: 'It is still wise -- the wisest -- economy to cherish the navy, to husband its resources, to invite new supplies of youthful courage and skill to its service, to be amply supplied with all needful facilities and preparations for efficiency, and thus to hold within prompt and easy reach its vast and salutary power for the national defence and self- vindication.' (NavHist)