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Vermont Civil War Timeline
What Happened in March
1861/03/02Nevada is organized as a United States Territory
1861/03/04President Lincoln delivered his 1st Inaugural Address (Lincoln)
1861/03/04Forty-two vessels were in commission in the United States Navy. Twelve of these ships were assigned duty with the Home Squadron, four of which were based on Northern ports. Beginning with the return of USS Powhatan to New York and USS Pocahontas to Hampton Roads on 12 March and US Ship Cumberland to Hampton Roads on 23 March, the Department moved to recall all but three ships from foreign stations, where they were badly needed, in order to meet the greater needs of the Nation in this hour of crisis. (ORN)
1862/03/03Forces under Flag Officer S. F. Du Pont took Fernandina, Florida, and the surrounding area in joint operations against the South Atlantic coast. (NavHist)
1862/03/04Casper H. Dean, 6th Regiment, wrote to his father about money issues (Correspondence)
1862/03/048th Regiment departed Brattleboro for New York (Dyer)
1862/03/061st Battery departs Brattleboro for New York (Dyer)
1862/03/06Albert Hale, 8th VVI, wrote his father, on the train, en route New York. (more)
1862/03/08Ironclad ram CSS Virginia, Captain F. Buchanan, destroyed wooden blockading ships USS Cumberland and Congress in Hampton Roads. (NavHist)
1862/03/09The 8th Regiment leaves New York on the ships 'Wallace' and 'James Hovey,' with sealed orders, which, on being opened at sea, directed the troops to report to General Phelps at Ship Island, in the Gulf of Mexico. (Peck)
1862/03/09USS Monitor, Lieutenant J. L. Worden, engaged CSS Virginia, Lieutenant C. ap R. Jones, in the historic first battle of ironclads. (NavHist)
1862/03/10The 7th Regiment left 'Rutland for New York City, where it embarked on two old-fashioned sailing ships, ill adapted for the transportation of troops, with sealed orders to proceed to sea. Upon opening the orders, it was learned that the destination of the regiment was Ship Island, Miss.' (Peck)
1862/03/10The 2nd Regiment 'moved from Camp Griffin, where it had remained during the winter doing picket duty and drilling, and took up the line of march to Centerville.' (Peck)
1862/03/101st Battery sailed from New York City on steamer "Wallace" (Dyer)
1862/03/14Joint amphibious assault under Commander S. C. Rowan and Brigadier General A. E. Burnside captured New Bern, North Carolina -- 'an immense depot of army fixtures and manufactures, of shot and shell...' (NavHist)
1862/03/17CSS Nashville, Lieutenant R. B. Pegram, ran the blockade out of Beaufort, North Carolina -- a 'Bull Run of the Navy.' (NavHist)
1862/03/198th Regiment departed New York for Ship Island, MS, arriving there April 6. (Dyer)
1862/03/20Ordered to report to Major-General Fitz John Porter, and move to Fortress Monroe and join McClellan's Army of the Potomac. (Peck)
1862/03/23'Took transport at Alexandria for Fortress Monroe,' landed the next day 'and moved out to Newport News on the James River.' (Peck)
1863/03/01J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Dull in camp to-day, army still inactive, and hope that a movement somewhere will soon be effected to dispel the gloom which is hanging like a pall over our country." (more)
1863/03/01Acting Midshipman Charles H. Humphrey is promoted 2nd Lieutenant, US Marine Corps, and is stationed at Marine Barracks, Cairo, Ill. (ORN)
1863/03/03Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slocum, D.C. (more)
1863/03/03President Lincoln signed the first Conscription Act, requiring the enrollment of all males between the ages of 20 and 45. (Lincoln)
1863/03/03Commander Emmons, USS R. R. Cuyler, reporting from Havana, told Acting Rear Admiral Wilkes that he had 'had a tedious time with the machinery of this vessel, and just as I have finished and prepared to join you, I learn upon my arrival here that orders were sent over to Key West last night for me, from Admiral Farragut, to return to my blockade duty in his squadron. (ORN)
1863/03/04Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/05J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Drilling this week six hours each day." (more)
1863/03/05Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/06J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "A rumor is afloat that old Stuart is again in this vicinity, and marching orders have been received." (more)
1863/03/06Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/07J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "The orders of yesterday have been countermanded, and news has come that the programme is changed, and instead of an advance movement by Stuart, he has retreated across the Rappahannock with his whole force." (more)
1863/03/07Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/08J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: More wet weather, which makes it so muddy that there is no drilling." (more)
1863/03/08USS R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons, returned to Mobile from Key West, and resumed blockade duty. Reporting to Admiral Farragut the next day, he said 'I think I can intercept some of these blockade runners to the southward of this, or perhaps intercept anything that may have run out past the squadron at night. (ORN)
1863/03/08Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/09J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Important news this morning. Another raid by Mosby last night, and the capture of our Brigadier, Gen. E. H. Stoughton, at Fairfax Court House, five miles from his brigade." (more)
1863/03/09Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/10J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "The cavalry sent in pursuit of the guerrilla party have returned without overtaking them." (more)
1863/03/11J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Col. Blunt, the ranking Colonel in the brigade, is again in command." (more)
1863/03/11Ships of the Yazoo Pass Expedition, begun in February with the objective of cutting off Vicksburg in the rear, engaged Fort Pemberton, Mississippi. The expedition ultimately had to retire without achieving its purpose. (NavHist)
1863/03/11Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/12J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Weather still changeable, clear and beautiful overhead, while beneath the mud is almost fathomless." (more)
1863/03/12Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/13J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "The mud is so deep that drilling has been dispensed with for the present." (more)
1863/03/13Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/14J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Fairfax Station is becoming a place of considerable importance in a military point of view, as being a base for supplies to the army, and a depot for Government stores, which we are at present guarding." (more)
1863/03/14Rear Admiral D. G. Farragut passed the heavy batteries at Port Hudson with USS Hartford and Albatross to establish an effective blockade of the vital Red River supply lines. (NavHist)
1863/03/14Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/15J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Drilling has again been resumed." (more)
1863/03/15Rear Admiral Du Pont, commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron at Port Royal Harbor, South Carolina, to Secretary Welles: 'I have to inform the Department that I have deemed it my duty to suspend from duty Assistant Paymaster G. W. Beaman, of the USS Seneca, and Acting Assistant Paymaster A. W. Kelsey, of the USS Wissahickon, for violating my General Order No. 8, that of the Navy Department dated April 22, 1862, and the third clause of the Department's order of December, 1862. These gentlemen plead ignorance and express regrets; had they belonged to any other grade I should have sent them both home, but the confusion in accounts and the liability of loss of clothing and provisions by the sudden removal of a paymaster deterred me. The information conveyed was important to a wily enemy. The correspondents generally have done heir best to point out the weak points, as they thought, of the ironclad vessels, and the last firing from Fort McAllister showed how quick the rebels were in improving on such information. But as I care more to prevent the repetition of misconduct than to punish it, if the Department will express its displeasure by letter to these gentlemen I think it will be sufficient.' (ORN)
1863/03/15Acting Volunteer Amos Johnson, commanding USS Sachem, picked up Captain Smith, Lieutenant Dewey and other stray men from the Mississippi during the course of the day. At least the officers were transferred to USS Richmond. (ORN)
1863/03/15Extract from a report by Captain Melancton Smith, late commanding USS Mississippi, regarding the loss of that vessel, to Secretary Welles: 'I consider that I should be neglecting a most important duty should I omit to mention the coolness of my executive officer, Mr. [George] Dewey, and the steady, fearless, and gallant manner in which the officers and men of the Mississippi defended her, and the orderly and quiet manner in which she was abandoned, after being thirty-five minutes aground, under the fire of the enemy's batteries. (ORN)
1863/03/15Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/16Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/17J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Night has again closed the labors of another day, hiding from our view the desolated scenes of earth." (more)
1863/03/17Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/18Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/19Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/20Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/21Captain John S. Clark, 8th Regiment, who died on the 20th, was buried in the Sparks family vault in Girod cemetery, New Orleans (Carpenter)
1863/03/21Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/22Extract from statement of Captain Thornton A. Jenkins: 'having been relieved of the command of the blockading forces off Mobile on or about the 28th December, 1862, by Commodore R. B. Hitchcock in the USS Susquehanna, to enable him to proceed to Pensacola to have the serious damage (sustained by the USS Oneida, under his command, by the US Storeship Supply, Commander Colvocoresses, running into her while at anchor off Mobile Bay on the afternoon of the 13th of that month) repaired (ORN)
1863/03/22Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/23Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/24Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/25Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/27Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/28Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/30Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/03/31Confederate troops opened a sustained attack on Union forces at Washington, North Carolina, but Northern warships, moving swiftly to the support of the soldiers, halted the assault. (NavHist)
1863/03/31Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1864/03/011st Vt. Cav. engaged at Mechanicsville, Va. (Battles)
1864/03/0117th Regiment, Companies B, C and D, mustered in. (Dyer)
1864/03/021st Vt. Cav. engaged at Piping Tree, Va. (Battles)
1864/03/11Acting Ensign H. B. Colby was sent in a boat from US Schooner Beauregard, Acting Master Francis Burgess, to capture a suspect schooner trying to get into Mosquito Inlet. A second boat, from US Schooner Norfolk Packet, joined Colby in the chase. By the time the boats reached the inlet, the schooner, later found to be the British schooner Linda, had already turned the point and was headed up the river. Colby beached his boat, ran up the riverbed and after firing several musket shots, the schooner lowered her sails and was boarded by the second boat. (ORN)
1864/03/11USS Carondelet, off the Red River, launched all boats under charge of Lieutenant Commander Mitchell, accompanied by Executive Officer Gipson and other officers, 'taking with them all the small-arms crew on shore for battalion drill. (ORN)
1864/03/12Ships of Rear Admiral D. D. Porter's Mississippi Squadron moved up the Red River to commence the unsuccessful Army-Navy campaign to gain a foothold in the Texas interior. (NavHist)
1864/03/13Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Totten, Washington, D.C. (more)
1864/03/16Major Amasa Bartlett, 9th Regiment, died from brain fever; he 'was one of the most promising young officers who went from Vt. to the war.' (Peck)
1864/03/18Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Totten, D.C. (more)
1864/03/30Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slemmer, D.C. (more)
1864/03/31Gay, Stillman O. Gay, Pvt, Co. H, 2nd USSS, died of disease. (Sharpshooters)
1865/03/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/021st Vt. Cav. engaged at Waynesboro, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/03Congress authorizes the formation of the Freedman's Bureau
1865/03/03Acting Master Holley, at the New York Navy Yard, acknowledged receipt of orders promoting him from executive officer to command of USS New Berne, and pledged to 'endeavor to carry out the orders of the Department to the best of my abilities.' (ORN)
1865/03/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/04President Lincoln delivered his Second Inaugural Address (Lincoln)
1865/03/04Lieutenant Forrest, USS General Burnside, accompanied by USS General Thomas, Master Morton, led a Tennessee River expedition which followed the course of that river across the state of Alabama. At Mussel Shoals the naval force attacked and dispersed the encampment of Confederate General Philip D. Roddey and captured horses, military equipment and cotton. Forrest then proceeded to Lamb's Ferry where he destroyed Confederate communications and transportation facilities. He also destroyed numerous barges, boats and scows encountered along the course of the river. Finally, Forrest penetrated the Elk River, deep into the state of Tennessee, where he 'found a rich and populous country' in which 'a great deal of loyal sentiment was displayed'. (ORN)
1865/03/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/06Vt. Legislature meets in special session to ratify the 13th Amendment. 13th Amendment
1865/03/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/09The Vt. Legislature met in special session to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery. A one hundred gun salute was fired in Montpelier in honor of the ratification. (Crockett)
1865/03/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/13William Wells appointed brevet Major General, U.S. Volunteers (Peck)
1865/03/13Captain Theodore P. Greene, USS Richmond in Mobile Bay, ordered Commander Peirce Crosby, USS Metacomet, to verify charts of the waters of Mobile Bay that he received from Major General Canby. (ORN)
1865/03/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/16Captain Theodore P. Greene, USS Richmond, informed Major General Edward Canby, commanding District of Florida and West Mississippi, that he was 'most happy and ready to give you all the assistance in my power,' and offered six tinclads, all the light-draft vessels currently at his disposal. (ORN)
1865/03/16Lieutenant Commander George W. Young, Senior Officer present off Wilmington, passed the following to Rear Admiral Porter: 'Acting Master H. W. Grinnell and Acting Ensign H. B. Colby, of the Nyack, volunteered to convey an communication to the army that [Major General Schofield] might have to send, and as their commanding officer had no objections, I gave the permission to undertake the service. I am happy to state they were in time to meet General Sherman just outside of Fayetteville. (ORN)
1865/03/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/177th Regiment engaged or present at Mobile Campaign and Spanish Fort, AL, through April 9 (Battles)
1865/03/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/23Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/24CSS Stonewall, Captain Thomas J. Page, put to sea from Ferrol, Spain, en route to Havana. The ironclad was intended to raise the blockade of one or more southern ports. (NavHist)
1865/03/24Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Ezra Leonard, USS Carrabasset, at Berwick Bay, La., reported to Captain Emmons, Senior Officer, Commanding at New Orleans, that he had taken on board 40 of the 93rd US Colored Inf., under command of Captain Thomas J. Whiteman, and supported the infantry's skirmish at Bayou Teche. (ORN)
1865/03/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/251st Brigade, engaged or present at Petersburg, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/261st Brigade, engaged or present at Petersburg, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/271st Brigade, engaged or present at Petersburg, Va. (Battles)
1865/03/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/28Rear Admiral Porter joined Generals Grant and Sherman for a conference with President Lincoln on board steamer River Queen at City Point, Virginia. They discussed the strategy to be followed in the closing days of the war and how the South would be treated at the close of the conflict. (NavHist)
1865/03/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/29The Appomattox campaign begins, with Grant's move against Lee's defenses at Petersburg, Va. (smithsonian)
1865/03/29Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/03/31Lieutenant Commander Temple, USS Pontoosuc, on the James River, recommended medals of honor be awarded for men under his command 'for gallantry, skill and coolness in actions during the operations in and about Cape Fear River, which extended from December 24, 1864, to February 22, 1865, and which resulted in the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington.' Among the men he recommended was Robert M. Blair, boatswain's mate, a fellow Vermonter. (ORN)
1865/03/31Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1866/03/147th Regiment mustered out, Brownsville, Texas. (Dyer)