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Vermont Civil War Timeline
What Happened in May
1861/05/06Arkansas secedes from the Union
1861/05/07Tennessee secedes from the Union
1861/05/08Richmond, Virginia is named capital of the Confederate States of America
1861/05/091st Regiment mustered in and departs for Fortress Monroe, Va. (Dyer)
1861/05/10Lieutenant C. R. P. Rodgers, commandant of midshipmen, US Naval Academy, recently relocated to Newport, R.I., informed the Navy Department that he had detailed the entire third class of midshipmen to report to commanding officers of the navy yards at Boston, New York and Philadelphia, for duty. Among this group were Edwin T. Woodward, and Henry L. Johnson, who were ordered to Boston, and Charles H. Humphrey, to New York. (ORN)
1861/05/131st Regiment at Hygea Hotel, Fortress Monroe. (Dyer)
1861/05/13Superintendent G. S. Blake, US Naval Academy, Newport, R.I., reported that ' With the exception of the commandant of midshipmen and the commanding officer of the Constitution, Lieutenants Simpson, Buckner, Scott, and [Edward P.] Lull are the only lieutenants which remain attached to the Academy. Their services are so very important in reorganizing the Academy and training the acting midshipmen that I beg to express the hope that they may be suffered to remain. (ORN)
1861/05/191st Regiment: 'About the hour of dress parade, on the 19th of May, there was great excitement among the troops at the fortress, occasioned by the first actual fighting that the Vermonters had seen. This was the attack on the steamer 'Monticello' upon the rebel battery at Sewell's Point, directly across Hampton Roads from Fortress Monroe and about two miles distant. The sound of the firing first attracted attention, and the smoke of every discharge could be distinctly seen. Adjutant Stevens became so interested that he neglected his duty at dress parade.' (Peck)
1861/05/20Benjamin Underwood of the Bradford company [Co. D, 1st Regiment], died of measles, or as Surgeon Sanborn reported it in a medical periodical, of nostalgia or home-sickness following measles from which he had begun to recover. This was the first death among the Vt. troops and caused a feeling of sadness throughout the regiment which was deepened by the impressive funeral ceremonies. His remains still lie in the little cemetery on the shores of Chesapeake Bay, where his comrades discharged the last volleys over his grave. William Flint noted the death his diary (Peck)
1861/05/21Assistant Surgeon Orville Bixby, US Army, was promoted to Surgeon, after 14 years in the service. (US Army)
1861/05/22Captain Robert Ritchie, senior officer present at the Bay of Panama, reported that he had ordered USS Cyane, Commander Bissell, presently at Acapulco, to cruise between that port and Manzanilla, as a result of a notification by the Pacific Mail Steamship Company of the presence of privateers in the area. Captain Ritchie intended to send USS Narragansett, Captain Hunt, to relieve Cyane, which would resupply in the Bay of Panama, and proceed to Callao in place of Narragansett. (ORN)
1861/05/23The first reconnoissance in force upon Virginia soil by the United States troops, was made by the 1st Regiment. Hiram Perkins to George Stannard: "I received an order from the Conl. to have all my men armed and ready to march at 3 o'clock..." William Flint: "When Rebs saw us coming they set fire to bridge. Col. Phelps rushed squad to bridge on double quick put out fire so we were able to cross." (Peck), (Diary)
1861/05/24Commander S. C. Rowan, U.S.S Pawnee, demanded the surrender of Alexandria, Virginia; an amphibious expedition departed Washington Navy Yard and occupied the town. (NavHist)
1861/05/271st Infantry participated in occupation of Newport News, VA. (Dyer)
1862/05/01USS Hatteras, Commander Emmons, captured schooner Magnolia near Berwick Bay, La., with cargo of cotton. (ORN)
1862/05/051st Sharpshooters, engaged or present at Williamsburg, Va. (Battles)
1862/05/10Confederates destroyed the Norfolk and Pensacola Navy Yards in actions caused by the forced Southern withdrawal from her coasts. (NavHist)
1862/05/10Trueman W. Wright, Pvt, Co. B, 3rd Vt. Inf., died in hospital near Yorktown. He was 21. (Kimball's scrapbook)
1862/05/11USS Hatteras, Commander Emmons, captured the steamer Governor A. Mouton off Berwick Bay, Louisiana. (ORN)
1862/05/11CSS Virginia was blown up by her crew off Craney Island to prevent her capture by advancing Union forces. (NavHist)
1862/05/12The 8th Regiment arrived at New Orleans, and went immediate into quarters in the Mechanic's Institute building. (Peck)
1862/05/15The James River Flotilla under Commander J. Rodgers advanced unsupported to within eight miles of Richmond before being turned back at Drewry's Bluff by batteries manned in part by Confederate Navy and Marine personnel. (NavHist)
1862/05/161st Battery moved from Ship Island to Camp Parapet, Defenses of New Orleans, LA, remaining there until January 17, 1863. (Dyer)
1862/05/17Robert Whitney, 4th Regiment, was sent to Carver Hospital, DC, suffering from chronic diarrhea (biography)
1862/05/17USS Hatteras, Commander Emmons, captured the sloop Poody off Vermilion Bay, Louisiana. (ORN)
1862/05/241st Vt. Cav. engaged at Middletown, Va. (Battles)
1862/05/24Rev. Charles S. Hale of Brandon, a young Episcopal clergyman, was appointed chaplain, in place of Chaplain Simons who had resigned in March. (Benedict)
1862/05/251st Vt. Cav. engaged at Winchester, Va. (Battles)
1863/05/0112th Regiment guarding the railroad at Warrenton Junction until May 7. (Dyer)
1863/05/01Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/02Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/031st Brigade, engaged or present at Marye's Heights, Va. (Battles)
1863/05/03Sergeant Ephraim W. Harrington, Co. G, 2nd VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1863/05/03Assistant Surgeon Andrew Davidson, 47th OH INF, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1863/05/03First Lieutenant Daniel D. Wheeler, Company G, 4th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1863/05/03Rear Admiral Porter's force and troops under Major General U. S. Grant forced the evacuation of Grand Gulf. Porter reported: 'The Navy holds the door to Vicksburg.' (NavHist)
1863/05/03Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/042nd Regiment was engaged or present at Salem Heights, Va. (Battles)
1863/05/043rd Regiment was engaged or present at Salem Heights, Va. (Battles)
1863/05/04Sergeant Robert J. Coffey, Co. K, 4th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1863/05/045th Regiment was engaged or present at Salem Heights, Va. (Battles)
1863/05/04First Lieutenant Frank G. Butterfield, Co. A, 6th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1863/05/05Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/06Rear Admiral Dupont informed Secretary Welles of the arrival of the steam Ericsson, with Chief Engineer Robie, but noted he had not received instructions regarding 'the disposition of the articles she brought,' and had ordered the rafts moored on Hampton Bar pending instructions. (ORN)
1863/05/06Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/0712th Regiment at Rappahannock Station until May 18. (Dyer)
1863/05/07Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/08Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from White River Junction. (more)
1863/05/08Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/09Thomas Seaver submitted a report on the battle near Banks' Ford, on May 4th (more)
1863/05/09Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/10Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/11Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/13Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/14Edwin F. Palmer, 13th Regiment: Supply teams captured by Rebels. (more)
1863/05/14Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/15Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/16Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/17Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/1812th Regiment at Bristoe and Catlett's Stations until June 1. (Dyer)
1863/05/18Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/19Acting Paymaster George A. Sawyer participated in an expedition on the Chattahoochee River on boats from the US Gunboat Port Royal. (ORN)
1863/05/19Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/22Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/23Acting Paymaster George A. Sawyer participated in an expedition on the Apalachicola River on boats from the US Gunboat Port Royal, which resulted in the capture of the rebel sloop Fashion. Acting Master Edgar Van Slyck, who commanded the expedition, said 'I have the honor to state officers George A. Sawyer and William F. Raynolds rendered me all the assistance possible, both with advice and energy.' (ORN)
1863/05/23Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/241st Battery participated in the siege of Port Husdon from May 24 to July 9, 1863 (Dyer)
1863/05/24Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/25Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/26Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/271st Battery participated in assault on Port Hudson, LA (Dyer)
1863/05/278th Regiment engaged in assault on Port Hudson, La. (Battles)
1863/05/27Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/28Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/29Lieutenant Commander Chester Hatfield, USS Brooklyn, was ordered to take a party ashore at Brazos Santiago, Texas, and capture a battery and four ships that were transporting arms. Among the party was Assistant Surgeon Charles J. S. Wells. (ORN)
1863/05/29Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/301st Vt. Cav. engaged at Greenwich, Va. (Battles)
1863/05/30Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/05/31Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1864/05/01The stations of vessels composing the East Gulf Blockading Squadron included USS San Jacinto, Captain Greene, at Campeche Banks. (ORN)
1864/05/03Colonel Lewis A. Grant, 1st Brigade, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/05/05Colonel Newton Stone, who had assumed command of the 2nd Regiment on 1 April, was killed in action at the Wilderness (Benedict)
1864/05/051st Brigade (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Regiments) engaged or present at the Wilderness, VA through May 9 (Battles)
1864/05/051st Vt. Cav. engaged at Craig's Church, Va. (Battles)
1864/05/05First Sergeant Carlos H. Rich, Co. K, 9th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/05/05USS Sassacus, Lieutenant Command Francis A. Roe, suffered damage during an engagement with the rebel ironclad ram Roanoke and gunboat Bombshell at the head of Albemarle Sound, North Carolina. In addition to significant damage to the vessel, the crew suffered 20 casualties, including 5 dead. Acting Volunteer Ensign Edward A. Sawyer suffered a slight contusion in the engagement. (ORN)
1864/05/05USS Sassacus, Wyalusing, and Mattabesett engaged CSS Albemarle off the mouth of the Roanoke River as the Union sought in vain to regain control near Plymouth. (NavHist)
1864/05/05Capt. Riley Bird, 6th VT Inf., of Bristol, after being wounded twice earlier in the day, was killed in action at the Wilderness. (Kimball's scrapbook)
1864/05/06USS Wave and USS Granite City, lying at anchor at Calcasieu Bayou, Louisiana, were attacked by a battery of artillery and several hundred sharpshooters, and were forced to surrender due to the death or wounding of most of their gun crews. Onboard the Granite City was Acting Ensign Stephen R. Tyrrell, who had his arm shot off. Tyrrell later died in a Confederate prison in or near Houston, Texas. (ORN)
1864/05/06Confederate torpedo destroyed USS Commodore Jones in the James River, Virginia, one of several losses the Union suffered from torpedoes during the year. (NavHist)
1864/05/07Henry Stiles, Co. A, 2nd VVT, was promoted SGT-Major of the regiment (2nd Vt. Infantry)
1864/05/08Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slemmer, Washington, D. C. (more)
1864/05/081st Vt. Cav. was engaged or present at Spotsylvania, Va. (Battles)
1864/05/09Lieutenant-Colonel John Coughlin, 10th NH INF, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/05/101st Brigade (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 11th Regiments) and 10th Regiment were engaged or present at Spotsylvania, VA through May 18. (Battles)
1864/05/10Colonel Thomas O. Seaver, 3rd VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/05/111st Vt. Cav. engaged at Yellow Tavern, Va. (Battles)
1864/05/12Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slemmer D.C. (more)
1864/05/121st Vt. Cav. engaged at Meadow Bridge, Va. (Battles)
1864/05/12Captain Dayton P. Clarke, Co. F, 2nd VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/05/12Private William W. Noyes, Co. F, 2nd VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/05/122nd Lieutenant Augustus I. Robbins, Co. B, 2nd VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/05/13The last of Rear Admiral Porter's squadron, after being trapped by low water, dashed through the hurriedly constructed Red River dams to safety below the Alexandria rapids. (NavHist)
1864/05/15The stations of vessels of the East Gulf Blockading Squadron included USS San Jacinto, Captain Greene, at Campeche Banks. (ORN)
1864/05/161st Battery at Mansura, LA (Dyer)
1864/05/181st Battery at Bayou de Glaze, LA (Dyer)
1864/05/181st Battery at Yellow Bayou, LA (Dyer)
1864/05/21Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fredericksburg, after being wounded in the arm by a piece of shell. (more)
1864/05/23Secretary Welles ordered Commander Colvocoresses, commanding USS Saratoga, to proceed to Port Royal, South Carolina, and report to Rear Admiral Dahlgren for duty in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1864/05/25Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Seminary Hospital, Georgetown, D.C> (more)
1864/05/2517th Regiment was engaged or present at North Anna, Va. (Battles)
1864/05/28The schooner Ariel, tender to USS San Jacinto, Captain Greene, captured the sloop General Finegan from Crystal River, bound for Havana. Captain Greene forwarded a prize list to Secretary Welles on 18 June. (ORN)
1864/05/31Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from his brother in Stratton (more)
1864/05/3110th Regiment was engaged or present at Tolopotomy, Va. (Battles)
1864/05/3117th Regiment was engaged or present at Tolopotomy, Va. (Battles)
1864/05/311st Vt. Cav. engaged at Hanover Court House, VA (Battles)
1865/05/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I have got a very bad diarrhea today. I am on guard tonight. (more)
1865/05/02Captain Greene, Lieutenant Commander Bancroft Gherradi and Carpenter George E. Burcham reported to Acting Rear Admiral H. K. Thatcher regarding their survey of damages to premises in New Orleans that were caused by shot from the USS Port Royal, while firing at the Rebel ram Webb on 24 April. (ORN)
1865/05/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We received orders to pack up and be ready to start tomorrow morning at 4. (more)
1865/05/03CSA Secretary of the Navy Mallory submitted his resignation to President Davis at Washington, Georgia. (NavHist)
1865/05/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started at 7 this morning. We arrived the Appomattox at Broadway landing. (more)
1865/05/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started at 6 this morning and passing through Richmond and Mechanicsburg. (more)
1865/05/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I was so hard up that I got into the Ambulance today and tonight I went to Walden and he gave me some pills. (more)
1865/05/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started at 4 and went out by Wilford Station to Bowling Green. (more)
1865/05/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We have a real pretty camp here. I am feeling better tonight. (more)
1865/05/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: Went out by the battle ground and within one and a half miles of Fredericksburg turned back. (more)
1865/05/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I did not sleep any on account of my tooth last night. (more)
1865/05/097th Regiment returned to Mobile, AL (Dyer)
1865/05/10President Jefferson Davis was captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia. (NavHist)
1865/05/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We started early this morning and passed through Dumfries and camped about 4 miles from that place. (more)
1865/05/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: We had a very hard thundershower tonight. I slept in the ambulance as I have for three nights. (more)
1865/05/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: As Swan and I were going to put up a tent, the Capt ordered me to pack my knapsack and be ready to go to the hospital. (more)
1865/05/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/15Captain Greene, commanding Naval Forces, New Orleans, to Rear Admiral Lee, commanding Mississippi Squadron: 'The ram Stonewall is reported to have left Havana on the 11th instant, bound for Galveston. Please send down the Manhattan immediately, if possible, for protection at the mouth of the river.' (ORN)
1865/05/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: I got a pass and went out to my company this morning. (more)
1865/05/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery: The 1st and 2nd division of Sheridan's cavalry were encamped near here. (more)
1865/05/17Colonel Holbrook, 7th Regiment, reported on the siege of Spanish Fort, near Mobile, AL (Reports)
1865/05/18Captain Greene, USS Stockdale, commanding Naval Forces, New Orleans, ordered Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Commander J. W. Smith, USS Bermuda, to take prisoners captured from the ram William H. Webb to Philadelphia. (ORN)
1865/05/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/19William Wells, 1st Vt. Cav., promoted to Brigadier General. (Crockett)
1865/05/19CSS Stonewall, Captain T. J. Page, was turned over to Cuban officials at Havana. (NavHist)
1865/05/20Acting Master Morton, commanding at Bridgeport, Ala., to Admiral Lee: Captain Forrest left here, 18th instant, to report in person to you. Yesterday, at Bellefonte, Colonel Norwood, CSA, officers and men, 202 in number, surrendered to me and were paroled. (ORN)
1865/05/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/22William Wells assumed command of the 3rd Cavalry Division (more)
1865/05/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/23Pvt George H. Tambling, Co. G, 4th VVI, died of disease. (Cemetery database)
1865/05/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/26Captain Greene represented the US Navy, and Major General Ed. R. S. Canby the US Army at the surrender of Confederate forces of the Trans-Mississippi army and navy on this date. (ORN)
1865/05/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/05/31Commander William E. Le Roy, US steam sloop Ossipee, to Captain Emmons, commanding Third Division, Mobile Bay, reports on the execution of orders for convoy duty. (ORN)
1865/05/31Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)