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Vermont Civil War Timeline

What Happened in January

1861/01/04Newly-elected Vt. Governor Erastus Fairbanks appoints a day of fasting and prayer on January 4, 'in view of the present critical condition of our common country.' (source: newspaper clipping of unknown origin)
1861/01/05Steamer Star of the West, Captain John McGowan, USRM, departed New York with an Army detachment for the relief of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Vermonter Jacob H. Putnam, an artilleryman, was onboard. (ORN)
1861/01/09Steamer Star of the West, Captain John McGowan, USRM, was fired on by Confederate troops from Morris Island and Fort Moultrie as she attempted to enter Charleston Harbor. The relief of Fort Sumter failed. These were the first Confederate shots fired at a vessel flying the United States flag. Star of the West returned to New York. (ORN)
1861/01/10Florida secedes from the United States
1861/01/11Alabama secedes from the United States
1861/01/18The General Assembly of the State of Tennessee sent a copy of a Joint Resolution to the Governor of Vt., possibly hoping to intimidate him. (It appears they didn't know about Ethan Allen and his cronies!) (Manuscripts)
1861/01/18Georgia joins the Confederacy
1861/01/21Governor Fairbanks directs Adjt. Gen. H. H. Baxter to call upon the Town Clerks to make returns of the enlisted militia. (Crockett)
1861/01/21Jefferson Davis resigned from the United States Senate
1861/01/23Senator Jacob Collamer 'introduced a bill authorizing the President to close the ports of the seceding States and to suspend the mail service of the United States in those Commonwealths.' (Crockett)
1861/01/25Governor Fairbanks directed that General Order, No. 10 be issued, in anticipation of a call for troops. (Manuscripts)
1861/01/26Louisiana secedes from the United States
1861/01/29Kansas is admitted as the 34th State.
1862/01/01William Y. W. Ripley, future Medal of Honor recipient, was commissioned Lieut. Col. of the 1st U.S. Sharpshooters, after serving in the 1st Vt. Inf.. (Medal of Honor)
1862/01/03Secretary Welles informed Flag Officer Du Pont that he was ordering the USS Flambeau, Lieutenant Temple, from Nassau to Port Royal, South Carolina. Welles further indicated 'should Lieutenant Temple not feel able to retain command of the Flambeau any longer, you will assign some other officer to that vessel and permit Lieutenant Temple to return home. (ORN)
1862/01/07USS Hatteras, Commander Emmons, was relieved of blockading duties off Apalachicola by USS Sagamore, to proceed to Cedar Keys and 'endeavor to capture or destroy a small armed steamer or schooner said to be at that place.' The Hatteras was the only vessel in the squadron with a draft shallow enough to allow her to operate in the area. (ORN)
1862/01/09Flag Officer D. G. Farragut was appointed to command the Western Gulf Blockading Squadron -- the beginning of the New Orleans campaign. (NavHist)
1862/01/13Flag Officer Charles H. Bell, commanding US Naval Forces, Pacific Ocean, reported on his pending departure from Panama Bay for San Francisco, leaving USS Cyane, Commander Bissell, in place of USS Lancaster. (ORN)
1862/01/16Gunfire and boat crews, including marines, from USS Hatteras, Commander Emmons, destroyed a Confederate battery, seven small vessels loaded with cotton and turpentine ready to run the blockade, a railroad depot and wharf, and the telegraph office at Cedar Keys, Florida. A small detachment of Confederate troops from the Fourth Florida Regiment was taken prisoner from Depot Key. Four of the prisoners had the measles, and Commander Emmons paroled them, believing they might not survive prison. Brigadier General J. H. Trapier (CSA), in his report of the incident, said 'I must not omit to mention a circumstance which reflects high credit upon Commander Emmons. Three negroes escaped from the key and went out to his steamer; they were all ordered back forthwith. (ORN)
1862/01/16Seven armored river gunboats were commissioned, thus providing the naval force for the overwhelming combined operations in the west. (NavHist)
1862/01/17Philip Kranz was promoted to Corporal, Co. A, 4th VVI; he was later captured and incarcerated in Andersonville. (Andersonville)
1862/01/18Flag Officer Charles H. Bell, commanding US Naval Forces, Pacific Ocean, indicated that Commander Bissell, commanding USS Cyane, reports everything is quiet at Panama and Aspinwall. (ORN)
1862/01/19Samuel Whiting, US Consul at Nassau, informed Secretary of State Frederick W. Seward of the departure of the US gunboat Flambeau, Temple commanding, for Port Royal, South Carolina. The previous day, the rebel steamer Carolina (renamed Kate) arrived. Whiting said that 'Carolina, while coming up this harbor yesterday, ran between the Eliza Bonsall and the Flambeau, and dipped her colors (rebel) to the Confederate ally; and Captain Temple said in this consulate, and in the presence of several American captains, that 'had he seen it he would have answered the salute.' Dip the stars and stripes to the rebel rag! I told him that I would sooner hack my hand off than be guilty of such an act. (ORN)
1862/01/20Sgt Charles E. Abell, Co. H, 5th VVI, was discharged for disability; six months later, he would be commissioned Capt., Co. D, 14th VVI (5th Infantry)
1862/01/21Pvt Nathan B. Hammond, Co. F, 1st USSS, was discharged for disability; he died 10 Dec 1863, and is buried in Fairlee (Sharpshooters)
1862/01/22William Cune Holbrook, 1st LT, Co. F, 4th VVI, was promoted to Major and assigned to the field and staff of 7th VVI (7th Infantry)
1862/01/23US Storeship Supply, Commander Colvocoresses, departed Ship Island, bound for New York, with the officers and crew of the captured Confederate schooner Lizzie Weston. (ORN)
1862/01/23USS Hatteras, Commander Emmons, was ordered to proceed from Ship Island to Berwick Bay, to relieve USS Montgomery, Lieutenant commanding James E. Jouett, and assume command of the blockade in that place. (ORN)
1862/01/27Egbert H. Allis, Brookfield, is appointed Acting Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Navy (profile)
1862/01/29US Storeship Supply, Commander Colvocoresses, captured schooner Stephen Hart south of Sarasota, Florida, with cargo of arms and munitions. (ORN)
1862/01/31USS Cyane, Commander Bissell, on station at Panama, was ordered to proceed to Valparaiso, Chile, ' Where you will obtain from our consul, or such other sources on which you may depend, every information connected with the safety of our commerce on this coast' from marauders 'suspected of fitting out vessels to rob our commerce on the high seas. (ORN)
1863/01/01Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect. (Lincoln)
1863/01/01Confederate warships under Major Leon Smith, CSA, defeated blockading forces at Galveston in a fierce attack combined with an assault ashore by Confederate troops that resulted in the capture of the Union company stationed there. Smith's flotilla included the improvised cotton-clad gunboats C.S.S. Bayou City. and Neptune., with Army sharpshooting boarding parties embarked, and tenders John F. Carr. and Lucy Gwin.. The Union squadron, under Commander William B. Renshaw, was caught off guard. Despite the surprise, USS Harriet Lane, Commander Jonathan M. Wainwright, put up a gallant fight. She rammed Bayou City, but without much damage. In turn she was rammed by Neptune, which was so damaged by the resulting impact and a shot from Harriet Lane taken at the waterline that she sank in eight feet of water. Bayou City., meanwhile, turned and rammed Harriet Lane so heavily that the two ships could not be separated. The troops from the cotton-clad clambered over the bulwarks to board Harriet Lane. Commander Wainwright was killed in the hand-to-hand combat and his ship captured. In the meantime, Westfield, Commander Renshaw, had run aground in Bolivar Channel prior to the action, could not be gotten off, and was destroyed to prevent her capture. Renshaw and a boat crew were killed when Westfield blew up prematurely. The small ships comprising the remainder of the blockading force ran through heavy Confederate fire from ashore and stood out to sea. (ORN)
1863/01/01The list of casualties on board USS Harriet Lane., at Galveston included R. J. Richardson, assistant paymaster. Rear Admiral Farragut, on February 26, 1863, reported the arrival of six officers and 77 men of the crew of Harriet Lane.. The crew members reported at Port Hudson under a flag of truce, having marched 100 miles from Houston, Texas. Among the officers was Paymaster R. Julius Richardson. (ORN)
1863/01/01Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/02Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/03Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/04Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/05Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/06Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/07Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/08REDUCED IN NUMBER - Of the 98 enlisted men that originally composed Co. I [5th Regiment], ... there are now present with the company but three non-commissioned officers and 18 privates. The loss of this company by battle has not been so great as that of two or three other companies in the same regiment, but the diseases incident to military life have thinned its ranks considerably. It will be remembered that this company lost twelve of its original members, killed, wounded and missing, at Savage Station, and six at the late battle of Fredericksburg. (Rutland Herald, January 8, 1863)
1863/01/08Acting Master's Mate Abram H. Hicks accompanied Lieutenant William B. Cushing in an unsuccessful attempt to capture Wilmington pilots on the Cape Fear and Little rivers. The expedition did manage to capture an earthwork fort previously held by a company of enemy infantry, and skirmished again a ways up the river, only returning because they ran out of ammunition. (ORN)
1863/01/08Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/09Commander Emmons, off Mobile Bay, offers to take his ship, USS R. R. Cuyler, in search of C.S.S. Alabama and the captured USS Harriet Lane. (ORN)
1863/01/09Rear-Admiral Farragut, at New Orleans, ordered Commander Colvocoresses, US Storeship Supply to proceed to Pensacola and report to the senior naval officer there, take in as ballast all the old iron not required at the yard by Commodore Smith, and after the close of an investigation into the collision of his vessel with USS Oneida, proceed to New York. (ORN)
1863/01/09Gunboats under Rear Admiral D. D. Porter, with troops embarked, compelled the surrender of Fort Hindman (Arkansas Post) on the Arkansas River. (NavHist)
1863/01/09Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/10Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/11Commander Emmons, USS R. R. Cuyler, felt obligated to stay with Rear Admiral Wilkes' group, instead of returning to blockade duty, 'providing I can obtain here [in Key West] what I absolutely require-anchor, coal, oil, and provisions; and in regard to oil I shall have to go into the marker; I find none here in store to spare. (ORN)
1863/01/11Acting Assistant Surgeon Egbert H. Allis, at New Orleans, reported on the destruction by fire of the USS Westfield, stating that the pay roll and other papers in the safe were saved, but 'many books and several files of papers were unavoidably left behind.' (ORN)
1863/01/11C.S.S. Alabama, Captain Raphael Semmes, sank USS Hatteras, Lieutenant Commander Homer C. Blake, after a heated and close night engagement some thirty miles off Galveston. (ORN)
1863/01/11CSS Alabama, Captain R. Semmes, engaged and sank USS Hatteras, Lieutenant Commander H. C. Blake, off Galveston. (NavHist)
1863/01/11Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/12Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/13Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/148th Regiment engaged with Steamer 'Cotton.' (Battles)
1863/01/14First Sergeant Squire E. Howard, Co. H, 8th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1863/01/14Joint Army-Navy forces attacked Confederate positions at Bayou Teche, Louisiana, compelling a Southern withdrawal and the subsequent destruction of gunboat CSS Cotton. (NavHist)
1863/01/15USS R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons, signaled USS Susquehanna, Captain Thorton Jenkins, 'a vessel supposed to be the Oreto, or Florida, lying under Fort Morgan, inside of Mobile Bay, and apparently ready for sea.' Confirming the identity of the rebel raider, Commodore Hitchcock sent a signal to the squadron 'to keep up full steam, that the enemy was in sight and appeared to be ready for sea.' Hitchcock ordered USS Pembina, Lieutenant Commander Temple, to tell USS R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons and USS Pinola, that they would be the principal chasing vessels if the Oreto ran out during the night. (ORN)
1863/01/15Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/16About 3 a.m., USS Pembina, Lieutenant Commander Temple, signaled that C.S.S. Florida, Lieutenant John N. Maffitt, was running the blockade out of Mobile after having remained in that port for some 4 months in order to complete repairs to her equipment. Confusion in the blockading fleet enabled Florida to escape, for the Confederate commerce raider passed within 300 yards of R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons. (ORN)
1863/01/17CSS Josiah Bell and Uncle Ben captured USS Morning Light and Velocity, temporarily lifting the blockade of Sabine Pass, Texas. (NavHist)
1863/01/2014th and 16th Regiments were at Fairfax Station January 20 through March 24. (Dyer)
1863/01/2012th Regiment on duty at Wolf Run Shoals until May 1. (Dyer)
1863/01/20Rear Admiral F. H. Gregory ordered Chief Engineer Edward D. Robie, to superintend the transportation from New York to Port Royal, S.C., of experimental rafts and shells on board USS Ericsson, and report to Rear Admiral Du Pont, commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1863/01/22Acting Rear Admiral Lee, onboard USS Minnesota off Newport News, Va., requested Ericsson rafts for each of the ironclads intended for use in his attack against Wilmington, N.C. In addition, 'if there is time, and their services are available, it will be well to take advantage of the experience and efficiency of Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Faucon and (Chief) Engineer Robie to take these rafts down. (ORN)
1863/01/23USS Pembina, Lieutenant Commander Temple, departed blockading duties off Mobile for Pensacola. (ORN)
1863/01/26Acting Master's Mate Abram H. Hicks, commanding schooner Edwards, was ordered to proceed to special duty at Elizabeth City, N.C. 'for the purpose of inaugurating a system of exercises for the large guns temporarily put there for the protection of Elizabeth City.' (ORN)
1863/01/26Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/27Rear Admiral Gregory informed Rear Admiral Du Pont, that he had dispatched the chartered steamer Ericsson 'by order of the Navy Department with several rafts, bombs, etc., constructed for the purpose of destroying and clearing harbor obstructions, etc.' He further stated that Chief Engineer Robie would report to Du Pont with detailed information. (ORN)
1863/01/28Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/01/29R. W. Shufeldt, Consul-General at Havana, Cuba, reported USS R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons and USS Santiago de Cuba departed Cienfuegos for Kingston, searching for the Confederate raider Alabama. (ORN)
1863/01/30USS Commodore Perry and Army troops severed Confederate supply lines to Richmond via the Perquimans River, North Carolina. (NavHist)
1863/01/31USS Pembina, Lieutenant Commander Temple, returned to blockading duties off Mobile from Pensacola. (ORN)
1863/01/31CSS Palmetto State and Chicora attacked the blockading fleet off Charleston; USS Mercedita and Keystone State were heavily damaged and struck their flags. (NavHist)
1863/01/31Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1864/01/01'The 5th Vt. Regiment, which is the first New England regiment that has re-enlisted for three years, arrived at Burlington, Vt., December 30th, and was received with the firing of cannon and the ringing of bells. The regiment, which numbers 325 men, were escorted to the Town Hall by the 3d Vt. battery. Many distinguished citizens, several provost marshals of the state, and General Pitcher, assistant provost marshal general, participated in the reception.' (Fitchburg Sentinel, courtesy of Jennifer Mitten, original at Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)
1864/01/013rd Battery mustered into U. S. service. (Dyer)
1864/01/05Three hundred twenty-one members of the 8th Regiment 'made a second claim of being patriots by re-enlisting for three years more of service.' (Peck)
1864/01/0517th Regiment, Company A, mustered in. (Dyer)
1864/01/07The 3rd Sharpshooter Company, having reenlisted and received furloughs, started for home. (Peck)
1864/01/13Secretary Welles ordered Commander Colvocoresses, commanding USS Saratoga, to proceed to Charleston, South Carolina, and report to Rear Admiral Dahlgren for duty in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1864/01/19Pvt James Alfred McCoy, Co. M, 1st VVC, deserted (1st Cavalry)
1864/01/20Privates John and Patrick Hopkins, draft dodgers, were arrested and entered the service as privates in Co. C, 10th VVI. John was taken prisoner at Monocacy on 9 July 1864, but survived the war; Patrick was mortally wounded in the same battle, and died a month later. (Monocacy)
1864/01/21Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Totten, Washington, D.C. (more)
1864/01/257th Regiment at Jackson's Bridge, Fla. (Dyer)
1864/01/27In a Circular passed to all vessels of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, Fleet Paymaster Charles C. Upham ordered all accounts of men sent to the Hammond Hospital be forwarded to the receiving ship at Beaufort. (ORN)
1864/01/31Acting Masters Mate H. B. Colby, US Schooner Beauregard, in an armed boat, pursued a suspicious sloop for four hours, overtaking his prize 'close in to the breakers about 10 miles to the northward of Cape Canaveral.' The vessel was the British sloop Racer, with a cargo of 20 bales of cotton, bound for Nassau. The prize was sent to Key West for adjudication. Acting Master Francis Burgess, commanding Beauregard, reported: 'I beg leave to mention Acting Masters Mate H. B. Colby, who has used unusual energy in assisting in the capture of this sloop, as also on former occasions.' (ORN)
1865/01/01Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/02Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/02Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, exchanged letters with Brigadier General J. M. Hawes, CSA, regarding parties sent out by flag of truce from Galveston. (ORN)
1865/01/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/04Commander Clary, USS Seminole, to Captain Emmons, reports the seizure of American schooner in Mexican waters, and other matters, off Brazos Santiago, Texas. (ORN)
1865/01/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/06Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal.' (more)
1865/01/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/07Lieutenant Commander B. B. Taylor, US Gunboat Kanawha, reported the seizure of the schooner Mary Ellen to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1865/01/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/08Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/09Rear Admiral Porter, making criticisms of the military operations by General Butler during the attacks on Fort Fisher in December, cites a letter from Lieutenant Commander Temple and the testimony of deserters proving that 'the works would have been ours had the troops been allowed to assault as they desired. (ORN)
1865/01/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/11Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, commended Acting Ensign N. A. Blume, USS Virginia, on the capture of the schooner Belle in Galveston harbor, indicating 'this cutting out was not only well planned, but well executed. (ORN)
1865/01/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/12Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/13USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, got underway from its anchorage on Cape Fear River, and stood in toward the beach to cover and assist in the landing of troops at Federal Point. (ORN)
1865/01/13The joint amphibious assault under Rear Admiral David D. Porter and Major General Alfred H. Terry took Fort Fisher, the key in the defense of Wilmington, North Carolina, which was the last port by which supplies from Europe could reach General Lee's troops at Richmond. (NavHist)
1865/01/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/14USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, remained at anchor all day, not participating in the bombardment of Federal Point. (ORN)
1865/01/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/15USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, got underway at 8:50 a.m., sailed in Line No. 1, led by USS Brooklyn, and opened fire on Fort Fisher until all 275 IX-inch shells onboard had been expended. The vessel also landed 40 men to participate in the assault on the fort. Seven were wounded. (ORN)
1865/01/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/16USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, attempting to cross the bar on the Cape Fear River, went aground, but got off without damage. (ORN)
1865/01/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/17USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, crossed the bar on the Cape Fear River, and came to anchor. (ORN)
1865/01/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/18Lieutenant Commander Newman, USS Nyack, sent a cutter in charge of Acting Ensign Henry B. Colby to sound the bar off Cape Fear River. (ORN)
1865/01/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/19Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/20A cutter from USS Nyack, in charge of Acting Ensign Henry B. Colby, was sent to intercept some vessels that had run in under Fort Caswell. At 4:20, he returned and 'reported that he had crossed the bar and passed up as far as Fort Caswell wharf and remained there about half an hour, when, finding the vessels did not attempt to run out again,' he returned to the Nyack. (ORN)
1865/01/20Lieutenant Commander Temple, reporting on his actions during the last week, reported to Rear Admiral Porter that 'the officers and men of this vessel behaved admirably throughout the whole affair,' and most specifically regarding the assaulting party, 'our detachment displayed coolness and courage under a withering fire of grape, canister, and musketry from Fort Fisher, and that several of them were afterward prominent in bringing off the wounded.' In a subsequent report, Porter recommended Temple, among others, for promotion for being 'under fire most of the time, and at close quarters,' and 'coolly performed what was required' of him. (ORN)
1865/01/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/21Captain Theodore P. Greene relieved Captain Thornton A. Jenkins, as commanding officer of USS Richmond. (ORN)
1865/01/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/22Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/23Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/23The Confederate fleet under Flag Officer John K. Mitchell attempted to dash down the James River to attack General Grant's headquarters at City Point, Virginia. The bold attack was thwarted when the heaviest of the ironclads ran aground. (NavHist)
1865/01/24Rear Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, reported proposed operations against Georgetown, S.C. He indicated that Captain Colvocoresses 'had been sent up, and made a full reconnaissance of the ground, and the preparations were going on. It is not every naval officer who has a taste for such matters, and I was entirely at a loss at the time for an officer of sufficient rank and experience to be entrusted with 500 sailors away from the ships, and to ensure a perfect concert with the vessels. (ORN)
1865/01/24Report of Lieutenant Commander Richard W. Meade, Jr., USS Chocura off Calcasieu Pass, La., to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, reporting the escape of two blockade runners, Granite City and Wave, and the destruction of the three-masted schooner Delphina, on the 20th and 22nd, respectively. Granite City escaped due to the disabled condition of the Chocura. (ORN)
1865/01/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/25Portus Baxter Smith, 11th Regiment, made an entry in his journal. (more)
1865/01/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/29Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/30Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/31General Robert E. Lee officially becomes general-in-chief of the Confederate States Army
1865/01/31Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolishes slavery throughout the United States. 13th Amendment
1865/01/31Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/01/31Congress approved the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery. 13th Amendment

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