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Vermont Civil War Timeline
What Happened in February
1861/02/01Texas secedes from the United States
1861/02/04The Peace Conference convened at Washington 'with the purpose of arriving at some compromise by means of constitutional amendments, or otherwise, whereby the Union might be preserved.' (Crockett)
1861/02/04The Confederate States of America is formed by delegates from six break-away States in Montgomery, Alabama
1861/02/21Lucius E. Chittenden addressed the Peace Conference in Washington, 'saying that the Vt. delegates throughout the session had labored under great embarrassment. The Legislature was not in session to instruct them when they were appointed and the time after their appointment was so short to permit them to consult the people of their State. The rules of the conference made it impossible for them to secure information by correspondence. In very plain terms he stated conditions as he saw them. Northern delegates had been asked to vote for proposals that were unpleasant, no to say offensive, to them, and to use their influence to persuade Congress to submit these proposals to the people.' (Crockett)
1862/02/01Commander Emmons, commanding USS Hatteras, reported his arrival on blockading station off Atchafalaya Bay, La., and his encounter with the Confederate steamer Mobile. (ORN)
1862/02/06Naval forces under Flag Officer A. H. Foote captured strategic Fort Henry on the Tennessee River. This breached the Confederate line and opened the flood gates for the flow of Union power deep into the South. (NavHist)
1862/02/07Joint amphibious expedition under Flag Officer L. M. Goldsborough and Brigadier General A. E. Burnside captured Roanoke Island -- the key to Albemarle Sound. (NavHist)
1862/02/10USS Flambeau, Lieutenant Commanding Temple, having coaled, sailed from Key West for Nassau to intercept the Confederate steamer Gladiator, which had been noted in Nassau at the beginning of January. (ORN)
1862/02/127th Regiment mustered into U. S. service. (Dyer)
1862/02/14Gunboats under Flag Officer A. H. Foote attacked Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River in conjunction with troops under Brigadier General U. S. Grant. The fort capitulated on the 16th. (NavHist)
1862/02/188th Regiment mustered into U. S. service. (Dyer)
1862/02/181st Battery organized at Brattleboro and mustered in (Dyer)
1862/02/19Albert Hale, 8th VVI, wrote his father from Camp Holbrook, Brattleboro (more)
1863/02/01Chandler Watts, Co. E, wrote his friend, Raelzo S. Watson, of Stowe, from Fort Slocum, Washington. (Watts)
1863/02/03USS R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons, was off Lobos Cay, on the north side of Cuba; Emmons reported of his unsuccessful cruise in search of Confederate cruisers. (ORN)
1863/02/03Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/06Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/07George Benedict, 12th Regiment: 'Our camp is on a knoll from which the men have cleared the pine trees. It is much narrower in its limits than our former fine camp near Fairfax, and it is less attractive in almost every particular.' (Army Life)
1863/02/08Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slocum, D.C. (more)
1863/02/08Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/10Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slocum, D.C. (more)
1863/02/10USS Cyane, Captain Simon B. Bissell, was ordered to remain at San Francisco after her arrival, due to apprehensions 'in regard to the passage of a rebel steamer by the forts in San Francisco Harbor in a fog, or in a dark night.' (ORN)
1863/02/11Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slocum, D.C. (more)
1863/02/11Arriving in Key West, Florida, Command Emmons, commanding USS R. R. Cuyler, reported he had 'visited many places, overhauled a great many vessels, and circumnavigated the island of Cuba without falling in with a rebel vessel. (ORN)
1863/02/11Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/13Peter Rock, Co. L, 1st Vt. Cav., deserted on this date and joined the Confederate States Army under the name of Thomas Burnham. He was captured, sent to Washington for trial on January 19, 1864. (Rock)
1863/02/13Pvt Samuel W. Elliott, Co. M, 1st Vt Cav., died of disease; he was buried in Alexandria National Cemetery, VA (Cemetery database)
1863/02/14USS Queen of the West grounded in the Black River and was abandoned under heavy fire. (NavHist)
1863/02/16J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "The troops in this vicinity are still on the move to the front." (more)
1863/02/161st Vt. Cav. was involved in the Defenses of Washington at Goose Creek on this date. (Dyer)
1863/02/162nd Inf. in camp near White Oak Church, VA (Prior diary)
1863/02/177th Regiment at Oakfield, Fla. (Dyer)
1863/02/17Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/18CPL Alonzo E. Root, Co. I, 14th Vt. Inf., died of disease; he was buried in Barber Cemetery, Charlotte (Cemetery database)
1863/02/19J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Not much drilling for the past few days, in consequence of the bad state of the weather." (more)
1863/02/20J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Another pleasant day, and the mud is drying up." (more)
1863/02/20Edward Fisk, 13th Regiment: 'I went on picket. Was stationed at what we call 'Sally Davis's Ford,' about two miles down the Occoquan from our camp. This is an important post and there are some twenty men to guard it, though there is not much danger of any one crossing the river to-day as the water is nearly bank high owing to heavy rains. It is a pleasant day, but cold--almost like a bright winter day in Vt..' (Fisk)
1863/02/21Rear-Admiral Farragut reported that USS R. R. Cuyler, Commander Emmons, as having problems with her engineers, which would be investigated when Cuyler returned from the West Indies. (ORN)
1863/02/21Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/22Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Slocum, D.C. (more)
1863/02/22Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/24J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Very dull in camp to-day, winter in earnest. The ground has been covered with snow for several days." (more)
1863/02/24CSS William H. Webb and Queen of the West engaged and sank ram USS Indianola below Warrenton, Mississippi. (NavHist)
1863/02/24Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/26J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Our camp is seeming quite dreary at present. The snow has fallen to the depth of a foot." (more)
1863/02/26Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1863/02/27Pvt Addison Bowley, Co. C, 3rd Vt Inf., died of disease; he was buried in Soldiers' Home National Cemetery, Washington, DC (Cemetery database)
1863/02/28J. C. Williams, 14th Regiment, wrote: "Have again received a box of luxuries from home, and fear that I shall have to report to the surgeon in the morning." (more)
1863/02/28USS Montauk, Wissahickon, Seneca, and Dawn shelled and destroyed blockade runner Rattlesnake (formerly CSS Nashville) under the guns of Fort McAllister, Georgia. For more than a month, Union ironclads had been bombarding the fort guarding the approaches to Savannah. (NavHist)
1863/02/28Oliver A. Browne, 15th Inf., wrote in his diary (more)
1864/02/027th Regiment at Point Washington, Fla. (Dyer)
1864/02/02First Lieutenant Erastus W. Jewett, Co. A, 9th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/02/02First Lieutenant Josiah O. Livingston, 9th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/02/02First Lieutenant Theodore S. Peck, Co. H, 9th VVI, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on this date. (more)
1864/02/02Confederate boat expedition led by Commander J. T. Wood captured and destroyed USS Underwriter in the Neuse River, North Carolina. (NavHist)
1864/02/03The Ninth Vt. Regiment, which was at Newport, N.C., crossed the river and came into Beaufort by the New Berne road.' (ORN)
1864/02/04Acting Master Francis Burgess, US Schooner Beauregard, sent a boat in charge of Acting Masters Mate H. B. Colby, into Jupiter Inlet to search for blockade runners. Colby discovered and seized the boat Lydia, bound for Nassau with cotton and turpentine. The prize was sent to Key West for adjudication (ORN)
1864/02/04Reporting informally from the Naval Store House, Bogue Island, Fleet Paymaster Upham detailed the situation surrounding the Confederate's investment of New Berne, N.C., which included a skirmish at Newport involving the Ninth Vt. Regiment, which suffered 160 casualties. The enemy had destroyed a large quantity of naval stores, captured the railroad and telegraph and five gunboats, destroying one of them in the process. He further reported that 2,600 Union troops in the local area were 'a very small force to cope with a large desperate force of from 10,000 to 20,000 men.' (ORN)
1864/02/06Fleet Paymaster Upham reported that the loss of naval stores at Newport Barracks was not as serious as he had first thought, and he would be returning to USS Minnesota as soon as his duties in the area permitted. Among the stores lost were 10 days rations for the Ninth Vt. Regiment, which, according to Commander Benjamin M. Dove, ' Was not only a great loss to us, but a great assistance to the enemy, as they seem to be living mostly on corn, peanuts, and sweep potatoes.' Later in the day, Colonel Ripley 'made a reconnoissance toward Newport and found that the rebels had fallen back again. (ORN)
1864/02/10A commission as colonel, 17th Regiment, was issued to Francis V. Randall, but he could not muster until the regiment mustered in 10 companies. (Peck)
1864/02/13Lieutenant Frank N. Finney, Co. D, 7th VVI, returned to the regiment with 110 recruits from Vt. (more)
1864/02/15Adjutant General Peter Washburn corresponded with the Provost Marshall in Washington, regarding Vt.'s quota of soldiers. (Correspondence)
1864/02/15Acting Ensign W. O. Putnam and Acting Second Assistant Engineer James Pollard were sent to take charge of the steamer Pet, at Lockwood's Folly Inlet, near Wilmington, N.C. The steamer had been captured by USS Montgomery, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant E. H. Faucon. (ORN)
1864/02/17Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley sank Union blockader Housatonic off Charleston -- the first submarine to sink a ship in combat. (NavHist)
1864/02/23The Third Sharpshooter Company returned to their camp near Culpeper 'with their bodies and their ranks both recruited, the company again numbering 100 men as when it first left Vt..' (Peck)
1864/02/24Newton Glazier, 11th Regiment, from Fort Totten, Washington, D.C. (more)
1864/02/29William N. Dunn, 1st Vt. Cav., was taken prisoner during Kilpatrick's Raid on Richmond. He died at Andersonville October 6. (Dunn)
1865/02/01Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/02Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/03Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/04Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/05Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/06Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/07Commander J. R. M. Mullany, USS Bienville, received permission from Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron off Galveston, Texas, to send a boat 'into the harbor of Galveston for the purpose of destroying the blockade runner Wren, which ran ashore last night and subsequently got off and escaped into the harbor.' The expedition was unable to destroy the steamer Wren, but did capture two schooners, the Pet and Annie Sophia, carrying 476 bales of cotton, and captured 20 prisoners. The captured schooners were taken to New Orleans by crewmen from the Bienville. (ORN)
1865/02/07Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/08Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/09Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/10Commander M. B. Woolsey, USS Princess Royal, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, off Galveston, reports on the destruction of the British schooner Will-o'-the wisp, a blockade runner. (ORN)
1865/02/10Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/11Lieutenant Commander A. E. K. Benham, USS Penobscot, reported the capture of the British schooner Matilda to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron. (ORN)
1865/02/11Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/12Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/13Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/14Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/15Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/16Lieutenant Commander W. W. Low, USS Octorara, to Captain Greene, Commanding First Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, giving information he received from refugees regarding affairs in the vicinity of Mobile. (ORN)
1865/02/16Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/17Charleston, confronted by General William T. Sherman's soldiers approaching from the rear and a Navy-supported amphibious assault from Bull's Bay, was evacuated. (NavHist)
1865/02/17Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/18CSS Shenandoah, Lieutenant James I. Waddell, departed Melbourne to resume her commerce raiding career in the Pacific. (NavHist)
1865/02/18Seventeen warships under Rear Admiral Porter, including USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, participated in a thirteen hour bombardment of Fort Anderson on the Cape Fear River, North Carolina. 'The fort silenced by 3 o'clock, but fire kept up all day, 380 shells being fired an hour into the work; meanwhile troops under General Schofield were working their way around to the rear of the enemy to cut them off, but the latter did not wait for the movement to be accomplished, and evacuated their works. (ORN)
1865/02/18Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/197th Regiment was ordered to join General Canby's expedition against Mobile. (Benedict)
1865/02/19Henry Mejij, commanding Mexican general at Matamoras, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, the senior naval officer of the United States off that place; regarding the suspension of functions of the US Consul. (ORN)
1865/02/19Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/20Sixteen warships under Rear Admiral Porter, including USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, participated in the shelling of Forts Strong and Lee on Cape Fear River, driving the garrison of Fort Strong out of their works; on the next day, both forts were occupied by Union troops under General Terry. (ORN)
1865/02/20Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/21Lieutenant Commander Temple, USS Pontoosuc, four miles below Wilmington, reported to Acting Rear Admiral Bailey, that he had led a squadron up the river 'after having got through a nice little fight at Fort Anderson' the previous day. (ORN)
1865/02/21USS Nyack's first cutter, in charge of Acting Ensign Henry B. Colby, was sent up the Cape Fear River 'for duty' (not further explained); the cutter returned the next morning. (ORN)
1865/02/21Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/22Col. William Wells, 1st Vt. Cav, receives a brevet promotion to Brigadier General (Crockett)
1865/02/22Tennessee adopts a new constitution that abolishes slavery.
1865/02/22Rear Admiral David D. Porter ordered USS Pontoosuc, Lieutenant Commander Temple, to proceed to the sounds of North Carolina and report to Commander W. H. Macomb for duty in his district. (ORN)
1865/02/22Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, to Commodore Jas. S. Palmer, commanding West Gulf Squadron, New Orleans: 'I forward you with this the report of Lieutenant Commander Erben, of the US gunboat Pinola, and of the officer in charge of a boat expedition, which, like several previous ones improvised in this division, proved a complete success to the extent of cutting out and destroying the armed rebel schooner Anna Dale, which, it will be seen, was only waiting an addition to her crew to put to sea from Pass Cavallo to prey upon our commerce. (ORN)
1865/02/22Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/23Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/24Captain Theodore P. Greene, USS Richmond, commanding First Division West Gulf Squadron, ordered Commander Peirce Crosby, USS Metacomet, to conduct a survey of 'Deep Hole,' in Mobile Bay. (ORN)
1865/02/24Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/25Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/26Reports of Lieutenant Commander Henry Wilson, US Gunboat Cayuga, Acting Ensign Robert Morris, USS Cayuga, Acting Ensign Charles V. Rummell, USS Pinola, and Acting Master Jno. H. Allen, USS Lackawanna, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, regarding an unsuccessful boat expedition into Galveston Harbor. (ORN)
1865/02/26Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/27Surgeon Ptolemy Edson, 17th Regiment, resigned and 'took with him the love and and respect of every man in the regiment.' (Peck)
1865/02/27Lieutenant Commander A. E. K. Benham, US Gunboat Penobscot, to Captain Emmons, commanding Second Division West Gulf Blockading Squadron, reporting the destruction of the schooners Mary Agnes and Louisa at Aransas Pass. (ORN)
1865/02/27Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)
1865/02/28Acting Master Jno. H. Allen, to Captain Emmons, USS Lackawanna, reports on a boat expedition to the approaches of Galveston Harbor. (ORN)
1865/02/28Eugene W. Rolfe, 3rd Battery, wrote in his diary (more)