St. Albans Raid
Timeline (A Work in Progress)
19 October - Governor Smith, Montpelier, telegrams Secretary of War Stanton, Washington, informing him of the raid.
19 October - received 7 p.m. - Governor Smith, Montpelier, telegrams Maj.-Gen. John A. Dix, Commander, Department of the East, New York City, informing him of the raid, asking for troops.
19 October - time? - Governor Smith, Montpelier, to Maj. Austine, Brattleborough; ordering troops with ordnance on special train to St. Albans.
19 October - 9.30p.m. - Secretary of War Stanton, Washington, telegrams Governor Smith, Montpelier, authorizing ordnance supplies from military store-keeper at Vergennes.
19 October - time?? - Maj.-Gen. John A. Dix, New York, telegrams Governor Smith, Montpelier; ordered military force from Boston to St. Albans; also authorizing provost-marshal at Burlington to pursue 'marauders' into Canada if necessary.
19 October - time? - Colonel R. Proctor (provost-marshal?) telegrams Maj.-Gen. Dix, New York, informing him of status of pursuit.
19 October - time? - Maj.-Genn. Dix, New York, telegrams Provost-Marshal, Burlington, ordering forces to St. Albans; reiterates command to pursue into Canada.
19 October - time? - Maj.-Gen. Dix, New York, telegrams Maj. F. N. Clarke, Boston, ordering 100 men to St. Albans.
19 October - time? - Press release: NEW YORK, Major ECKERT?
BURLINGTON, VT. [October] 19.
A party of twenty-five armed men rode into Saint Albans this afternoon, and robbed three bank there of $150,000. It is supposed they were Southerners from border of Canada. Five citizens were shot, one it is feared fatally. Having accomplished their object the band left immediately for Canada.
LATER.--The man Morrison, who was shot through the body, has since died. SMITH.
20 October - time? - Governor Smith, Montpelier, to Maj.-Gen. Dix, New York, detailing raid; indicating eight of the raiders captured by pursing party in Canada; portion of the money recovered.
20 October- time? - Maj.-Gen. Dix, New York, to Provost-Marshall, Burlington, indicating pursuit into Canada only if raiders found on U.S. territory;
20 October - time? - Maj.-Gen. Dix, New York, to Maj. Clarke, Boston, countermanding order to send troops.
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST, New York City, October 19, 1864.
NEW YORK, October 20, 1864.
Hon. E. M. STANTON,
Eight of the rebel raiders at Saint Albans have been captured within the Canada line and a portion of their booty recovered.
JOHN A. DIX,
NEW YORK, N. Y., October 20, 1864 (Received 10.40 p.m.)
MONTREAL, CANADA EAST, October 20, 1864, (Received 7 p.m.)
Hon. W. H. SEWARD:
Lord Monek has ordered General Williams to give assistance by troops in arresting the raiders at Saint Albans.
MONTPELIER, VT., October 20, 1864, Major-General DIX
NEW YORK, October 20, 1864, PROVOST-MARSHAL,
What news from Saint Albans? I trust the officer understood my order in regard to pursuing the rebel raiders into Canada. It is only in case they are found on our side of the line, and the pursuit then must be instant and continuous. Advise him so.
JOHN A. DIX,
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST,
New York City, October 20, 1864.
Maj. F. N. CLARKE, U.S. Army,
Boston, Mass. :
Countermand the order sent last night directing troops to go to Saint Albans, Vt. If already started telegraph them to come back.
JOHN A. DIX,
SAINT ALBANS, VT., October 22, 1864.
Hon. E. M. STANTON,
Secretary of War:
The excitement still continues, though somewhat abated. Threats are still made of a return to burn this and other villages. Eleven of the raiders have been taken, and about $75,000 recovered. The parties captured admitted all they have done; say they have their commission from the Confederate Government, and claim the protection of the Canadian Government. My last telegram from the Governor-General of Canada says, "You need entertain no fears but that the laws will be faithfully administered." He has, at my request, ordered the trial removed from before the local magistrate to Judge Coursal, of Montreal, and everything looks favorable for a fair and thorough investigation. I have encouraged the organization of cavalry forces at several points on the frontier, to be kept in readiness for any emergency. We want some equipments--bridles, saddles, sabers, pistols, carbines, &c. Will you furnish, say, to the amount of 500? Please reply to me at this point; and if you send have them forwarded to me at once at this point. Our volunteers are to engage in that service, and find their own horses if they can have equipments.
J. GREGORY SMITH,
WASHINGTON CITY, October 22, 1864.
Governor J. G. SMITH,
Saint Albans, Vt.:
The Chief of Ordnance has been directed to forward to you immediately, at Saint Albans, 500 carbines, pistols, sabers, and cavalry equipments.
E. M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
Washington City, October 23, 1864.
Lieut. Gen. U.S. GRANT,
Commanding Armies of United States, City Point, Va.:
GENERAL: The aspect of affairs in New York City and State urgently demands attention, as well for the security of the forts in the harbor of New York, the defense of the lake frontier from invasion, and the preservation of the public peace and for the purity of the ballot-box, from rebels imported from Canada. I have just had a consultation with General Dix, who has called here for conference upon these subjects. He informs me he has already, in a communication to you as general commanding all the forces of the United States, reported the insecure condition of the forts in New York Harbor. You are aware that there are no troops in Washington or elsewhere at the disposal of the Department to meet this necessity. General Dix informs me that during the coming week he will be able to send you 5,000 new recruits, but for want of organization, and also for local reasons, they are not a proper force to place in garrison. Allow me to suggest whether, in view of their accession to your army, you cannot spare 2,000 or 3,000 men, temporarily, to be sent to New York and placed under his command. I see no other way of meeting the emergency. By the 15th of November the necessity will either have passed away, or, by troops from other States, those now to be forwarded can be replaced. Please favor me with your views on this subject at your earliest convenience.
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
OFFICE ACTG. ASST. PROVOST-MARSHAL-GENERAL,
Brattleborough, Vt., October 23, 1864.
Colonel VAN BUREN,
Asst. Adjt. Gen., Hdqrs. Dept. of the East, New York City:
SIR: I have the honor to report that I received the inclosed telegram at 7 p.m. on the 19th instant. At once I collected about 100 convalescents and 30 of the Veteran Reserve Corps, with two officers, from the general hospital here, and left at 9 p.m. (the earliest train to be had), arriving at Saint Albans (the place of residence of the Governor), a distance of 200 miles, at 8 o'clock the next morning. I found that at about 4 p.m. the previous day about twenty-five men from Canada, armed with two revolvers each, had suddenly entered the three banks of the town and robbed them of over $200,000, mortally wounding one citizen and seriously wounding another; then they seized a number of horses and made their escape, the whole affair occupying less than half an hour. The citizens were utterly paralyzed by the boldness and suddenness of the attack. Soon after an ex-CPT of volunteers, with a few citizens mounted, started in pursuit. The robbers in their retreat tried to enter the bank at Sheldon, Vt., but were unsuccessful. In both places they made abortive attempts to burn buildings. They were pursued into Canada. After reaching the frontier, supposing themselves safe, they became less vigilant; and up to this date some twelve of them have been captured and lodged in Canada jails. About $75,000 were recovered. No officer or soldier of our Government violated any of the laws existing between the two countries.
The telegram to the Governor from your headquarters to pursue them into Canada, forwarded by a messenger to Lieutenant-Colonel Benton, late of the Eleventh Vermont Volunteers (acting under State orders), was received by the ex-CPT about the time he had completed the pursuit. Finding that they were all in Canada and had dispersed, and that the Canadian authorities had taken the matter in hand, I deemed it useless to proceed with the men to the line. Learning that some of the robbers were proceeding toward Saint Johns, I sent Major Barstow, a discreet ex-officer of the Eighth Vermont Volunteers (acting under State authority), there to confer with the mayor relative to their arrest.
The authorities over the line have shown every disposition to capture the robbers, and at all the interviews with our officials, I learn, they have been very courteous and well disposed.
The detachment of convalescents from Brattleborough, not being needed, were sent back the same night, as they were to leave for the front on the 24th. About sixty of the Veteran Reserve Corps, under CPT Nickerson, a vigilant and discreet officer, remain at Saint Albans, and twenty of the same corps, under CPT Bancroft, are guarding the long railroad bridge at Alburg, all belonging to the three hospitals in this State. As these officers and men are much needed at their stations, I respectfully recommend that a company of troops, with an active and discreet CPT, be sent to Saint Albans (only twelve miles from the line), to remain for the present. If a portion of them could be mounted, their efficiency would be much increased.
Certain deserters from Vermont regiments are supposed to be among the robbers; in fact, one was recognized by a soldier on furlough in the town, who had an altercation with him.
I strongly recommend to the selectmen of the border towns to organize at once all the able-bodied men, under a suitable chief, for local protection, each man to receive a musket and ammunition, the selectmen to receipt for the property, and the men to be ready to assemble at short notice at some preconcerted signal. Many towns have adopted the plan, and the Governor promises to carry out the recommendation; he has an abundance of arms and ammunition for distribution.
From all I can learn deserters and Confederates made up the party, under instructions from active rebel agents in Canada, and I shall not be surprised to hear of other outrages along the line before the Presidential election comes off. The decision of the Canadian authorities in the present cases will be of great importance to the rebels in their midst as to future operations. The Governor has grave apprehensions as to the future peace of the frontier, considering the great number of deserters and rebels now near the line, and is exceedingly anxious for as much military protection as the Government can afford at the present time.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Major, U.S. Army, Actg: Asst. Pro. Mar. Gen. and Mil. Comdr.
24 October - "The following description of the 'decidedly cool' manner by which the robbery of the Frnaklin County Bank was efffected if from statements of the cashier, M. W. Beardsley and Jackson Clark, a wood sawer, in the bank at the time: The bank was entered a little after three o'clock by four men, well dressed and apparently middle-aged. One of them came up to Clark and said -- 'You are my prisoner, and if you move an inch I'll blow your brains out,' at the same time showing a pistol. they then told him to step back towards the vault. The leader of the party who had but a little while before been endeavoring to purchase some gold of Mr. Beardsley, stepped up to him and very coolly remarked 'Sir, we are confederate soldiers. We have come to rob the banks in this palce and there is one hundred of our gang here now. You must keep quiet, make no noise, and hand over in the first place, all the greenbacks you have on hand, and than all the other monies in your bank.' These 'terse' remarks were followed by the speaker presenting a pistol to Mr. Beardsley's head and insisting on his compliance with their demands. The bank was soon cleaned when the rascals made Mr. Beardsley and Clark step into the vault, when they locked them in. These gentlemen remained in the vault about half an hour when they were released by some citizens who had heard their cries for assistance. The vault was terribly close and it is wonderful that they were not stifled to death before being released.
"The robbery of the other banks was conducted in a similar manner. Seven of the raiders are in custody at St. Johns, Canada, and four have not been delivered up by the magistrate at St. Aubridge, but probably will be. Nearly all the stolen horses have been recovered and some $70,000 of the money. If identified, as some if not all will be, the facts will be proved, and Judge Coursoul will so report to Governor General Monk, when a requisition will be made. -- The decision will be of such magnitude as a precedent that the status of the rebels will not unlikely be referred to the Governor General and subsequently by him to the home government for instructions. The Canadian authorities show every disposition to administer the law impartially.
"Mr. E. J. Morrison, wounded by the rebels at St. Albans, has since died, and his remains taken to Manchester, N.H." (Walton's Morning Journal, Montpelier, Monday October 24, 1864.)
SAINT CATHERINES, CANADA WEST, November 1, 1864.
Hon. J.P. BENJAMIN,
Secretary of State, Richmond, Va.:
SIR: You have doubtless learned, through the press of the United States, of the raid on Saint Albans, Vt., by about twenty-five Confederate soldiers, nearly all of them escaped prisoners, led by Lieut. Bennett H. Young, of their attempt and failure to burn the town, and of the robbery of three banks there of the aggregate amount of about $200,000, of their arrest in Canada by U. S. forces, their commitment, and the pending preliminary trial. There are twelve or fourteen of the twenty-five who have been arrested and who are now in prison at Montreal, where the trial for commitment for extradition is now progressing. A letter from Hon. I. I. N. Abbott, the leading counsel for the prisoners, dated Montreal, 28th of October, says to me:
We (prisoners' counsel) all think it quite clear that the facts will not justify a commitment for extradition under the law as it stands, and we conceive the strength of our position to consist in the documents we hold establishing the authority of the raiders from the C. S. Government. But there is no doubt that this authority might be made more explicit than it is in so far as regards the particular acts complained of, and I presume the Confederate Government will consider it to be their duty to recognize officially the acts of Lieutenant Young and his party, and will find means to convey such recognition to the prisoners here in such a form as can be proven before our courts. If this were accompanied or followed by a demand upon our Government that the prisoners be set at liberty I think a good effect would be produced, although probably the application would not be received by the authorities. There will be at least a fortnight's time, and probably more, expended in the examination of witnesses, so that there will be plenty of time for anything that may be thought advisable to be done in behalf of the prisoners.
I met Mr. Young at Halifax on my way here in May last. He showed me letters from men whom I knew by reputation to be true friends of States' rights, and therefore of Southern independence, vouching for his integrity as a man, his piety as a Christian, and his loyalty as a soldier of the South. After satisfying me that his heart was with us in our struggle, and that he had suffered imprisonment for many months as a soldier of the C. S. Army, from which he had escaped, he developed his plans for retaliating some of the injuries and outrages inflicted upon the South. I thought them feasible and fully warranted by the law of nations, and therefore recommended him and his plans to the Secretary of War. He was sent back by the Secretary of War with a commission as second lieutenant to execute his plans and purposes, but to report to Hon. ---- and myself. We prevented his achieving or attempting what I am sure he could have done, for reasons which may be fully explained hereafter. Finally, disappointed in his original purpose and in all the subsequent enterprises projected, he proposed to return to the Confederate States via Halifax, but passing through the New England States and burning some towns and robbing them of whatever he could convert to the use of the Confederate Government. This I approved as justifiable retaliation. He attempted to burn the town of Saint Albans, Vt., and would have succeeded but for the failure of the chemical preparations with which he was armed. Believing the town was already fired in several places and must be destroyed, he then robbed the banks of all the funds he could find, amounting to more than $200,000. That he was not prompted by selfish or mercenary motives, and that he did not intend to convert the funds taken to his own use, but to that of the Confederate States, I am as well satisfied as I am that he is an honest man, a true soldier, and patriot, and no one who knows him will question his title to this character. He assured me, before going on the raid, that his efforts would be to destroy towns and farm houses, not to plunder or rob, but, he said, if after firing a town he saw he could take funds from a bank or any house which might inflict injury on the enemy and benefit his own Government he would do so. He added most emphatically that whatever he took should be turned over to the Government or its representatives in foreign lands.
My instructions to him, oft repeated, were "to destroy whatever was valuable; not to stop to rob, but if, after firing a town, he could seize and carry off money or Treasury or bank notes, he might do so, upon condition that they were delivered to the proper authorities of the Confederate States." That they were not delivered according to his promise and undertaking was owing, I am sure, to the failure of his chemical compound to fire the town, and to the capture of himself and men on Canadian soil, where they were surprised and overpowered by superior numbers from the United States. On showing me his commission and his instructions from Mr. Seddon, which were of course vague and indefinite, he said he was authorized to do all the damage he could to the enemy in the way of retaliation. If this be true it seems to me the C. S. Government should not hesitate to avow his act was fully authorized as warrantable retaliation. If the Government does not assume the responsibility of this raid I think Lieutenant Young and his men will be given up to the U.S. authorities. If so I fear the exasperated and alarmed people of Vermont will exert cruel and summary vengeance upon them before they reach the prison at Saint Albans. The sympathies of nine-tenths of the Canadians are with Young and his men. A majority of all the newspapers justify or excuse his act as merely retaliatory, and they desire only the authority of the C. S. Government for it to refuse their extradition. The refusal of extradition is fully warranted by the like course of the United States in many cases cited lately in the Canadian papers, which I cannot now repeat, but which you can readily find. The refusal of extradition would have a salutary political influence, it is thought, both in the British Provinces and in England. I cannot now explain why. I trust, therefore, for the sake not only of the brave soldiers who attempted this daring exploit (which has caused a panic throughout the United States bordering on Canada and the organization of forces to resist, as well as the arbitrary and tyrannous order of General Dix touching the coming Presidential election), but for the sake of our cause and country, that the President will assume the responsibility of the act of Lieut. Bennett H. Young, and that you will signify it in such form as will entitle it to admission as evidence in the pending trial. I send the special messenger who bears this, that your answer may be brought back by him within ten days or by 11th instant. The final judgment can and will be postponed for the action of the C. S. Government as long as possible, certainly for ten days.
That he was in the territory of the United States as I avail myself of this opportunity to bring to your notice the case of Capt. Charles H. Cole, another escaped prisoner of General Forrest's command, who was taken about six weeks since on the Michigan (the Federal war steamer on Lake Erie), and is charged with an attempt at piracy (for attempting to capture the vessel), with being a spy, &c. The truth is that he projected and came very near executing a plan for the capture of that vessel and the rescue of the prisoners on Johnson's Island. He failed only because of the return of the CPT (Carter) of the Michigan a day sooner than expected and the betrayal (in consequence of Carter's return) of the entire plot. The only plausible ground for charging him with being a spy is that he was in Sandusky, on Johnson's Island, and on the Michigan frequently, without having on his person the Confederate uniform, but wearing the dress of a private citizen. Mr. -- and I have addressed a letter to the commandant of Johnson's Island protesting against his being treated as a spy for the following reasons:
a prisoner against his consent; that he escaped by changing his garb; that he had no Confederate uniform when he visited Sandusky, Johnson's Island, and the Michigan; that he did not visit them as an emissary from the Confederate States; that whatever he conceived he had not executed anything; that he had conveyed no information to his Government, and did not contemplate conveying any information to the Government.
His trial has been postponed; I know not why or for what time. His exchange should be proposed and notice given that any punishment inflicted on him will be retaliated upon an officer of equal rank. He is a very brave and daring soldier and patriot, and deserves the protection of his Government. I wrote to you on 14th of June, to the President 25th of July, and to you on 11th of August and 12th of September last. I trust you received those letters. Mr. H (who I see has gotten into the Confederate States) has doubtless explained things here. I have never received a line from you or any person excepting my brother at Richmond. I have not changed the views expressed in my former communications. All that a large portion of the Northern people, especially in the Northwest, want to resist the oppressions of the despotism at Washington is a leader. They are ripe for resistance, and it may come soon after the Presidential election. At all events it must come if our armies are not overcome and destroyed or dispersed. No people of the Anglo. Saxon blood can long endure the usurpations and tyrannies of Lincoln. Democrats are more hated by Northern Republicans than Southern rebels, and will be as much outraged and persecuted if Lincoln is re-elected. They must yield to a cruel and disgraceful despotism or fight. They feel it and know it.
I do not see that I can achieve anything by remaining longer in this province, and unless instructed to stay shall leave here by 20th instant for Halifax and take my chances for running the blockade. If I am to stay till spring I wish my wife to join me under flag of truce if possible. I am afraid to risk a winter's residence in this latitude and climate. I need not sign this. The bearer and the person to whom it is addressed can identify me. But I see no reason why your response should not be signed and sealed, so as to make it evidence as suggested in respect to the Saint Albans' raid. A statement of prisoners' counsel has been sent by way of Halifax and Wilmington, but it may never reach you, or not in time for the deliverance of the prisoners. This is my chief reason for sending this by one I think I can trust. Please reply promptly and start the messenger back as soon as possible. He will explain the character of his mission. Send under a seal that cannot be broken without being discovered.
I am, respectfully, your most obedient servant,
N. B.--See the Secretary of War (Mr. Seddon) touching Young's case.
14 December - Governor Smith, New York, to Secretary of War, Stanton, detailing results of trial of raiders in Montreal.
HEADQUARTERS NORTHERN DEPARTMENT,
Cincinnati, Ohio, December 19, 1864.
Hon. Z. CHANDLER,
U. S. Senate:
I received your note of the 15th instant, and entirely coincide with its views, as well as those you have expressed in the Senate chamber. I felt it to be my duty to issue the order in question on receiving the news of the action of the provincial authorities of Canada in the case of the Saint Albans raiders, and was only restrained by the conscious weakness of our Government in its foreign policy. To have issued such an order as in my opinion the necessities of the case demanded, I would not have been sustained at headquarters, and the order would have been treated very much as has been that of General Dix. This would have bound me hand and foot for action at the time an opportunity presented itself. Now I am left free to act as I think proper. I assure you, Senator, in case a raid should be attempted from Canada, I intend that somebody shall be hurt, if I have to go into Canada to do it. Then if exception is taken, it can be adjusted by negotiation afterward. I want full swing at the devils once, and I think they will never attempt to disturb our quiet a second time. Cost what it may, the property and persons of our citizens shall be fully protected while I am in the exercise of the command of this department.
I have requested Senator Wade to have me summoned before the Committee on the Conduct of the War, and am daily expecting a reply. It is time that I should be allowed an opportunity to vindicate myself during the time I held command of the Army of the Potomac. Through the ignorance of some and the malice of others much wrong has been done. If Halleck can prevent it, he will, and he exercises as much influence over the Secretary of War as he ever did. There is an infernal conspiracy on foot to promote Sherman, Sheridan, and Meade, my juniors in the Regular Army, over my head, by making them major-generals, the latter having been retained in his present position by the politicians of Pennsylvania for more than six months, they making it a condition to their support of President Lincoln. As for the other two, I am willing that they should be promoted over me, if any of the armies or the people should deem their services, in example or deed, or their qualifications equal to mine.
Sherman insulted me professionally while of his army, from envy, as every officer and soldier of that army will tell you. I hope that you and your colleagues will see that my interests are protected.
Glorious tidings from Thomas.
Have no promotions made, if this injustice is to be perpetrated.
Your friend and servant,
HEADQUARTERS FORT LAFAYETTE,
New York Harbor, January 19, 1865.
Brig. Gen. H. W. WESSELLS,
Commissary-General of Prisoners, Washington, D.C.:
SIR: In compliance with Special Orders, No. 12, from your headquarters, I have the honor to report that there are no prisoners at this post of the class mentioned in said order. There is a prisoner in irons here, a citizen, supposed to be a Saint Albans raider, and undergoing trial at this time, but does not come under your order.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Lieutenant-Colonel, U.S. Army, Commanding.
COUNTY CARLETON, WEST CANADA,
March 13, 1865.
The Honorable SECRETARY OF WAR, Washington:
SIR: I have the honor to inform you that a plot is about being entered into by a number of rebel refugees which has for its object pillage and destruction. It is contemplated by these unprincipled parties to make an attack on some of the most wealthy frontier towns, plunder, and then burn them. The principal rendezvous of the rebels is Arnprior, which is situated about forty-five miles, or perhaps fifty miles, from Brockville, with which it is connected by a railroad. Being distant from the front they imagined that their operations would be free from observation. The head of this organization is the Rev. O. S. Hackett, a refugee from Arkansas, who has been residing at Arnprior for the last five months. I have ever felt a deep sympathy for the Northern States in their noble efforts to stop and put down this unnatural rebellion, and eventually to liberate the slave; and therefore I give this information to your Government. Important information was communicated by me to our own Government, but although I received a courteous reply, I felt that the thanks I received were cold and formal, although they tended to lead to [the] reluctant capture of some of the Saint Albans raiders. I will communicate the whole details of the plot, and when they are going to make the attack, to any officer of your Government. I will meet him at Morristown any Saturday you may appoint, as my duties prevent me leaving home any other day, and all I ask is that my expenses be paid to Morristown; and when I shall have given the proper details, with the names of parties, I shall request of the Government to procure for me the degree M.A. (Master of Arts) from Yale College, as it is the most renowned university on this side of the Atlantic. The attack will not be made before the 1st of April, as they are busy mustering volunteers; but it is not safe for me to commit anything to paper and send it by post, as there are spies everywhere. For magnitude, numbers, and munitions of war this company and plot is more to be dreaded than any that has yet been organized in Canada. I will meet any officer of your Government either at Morristown, on the Saint Lawrence, or in Brookville, any Saturday that you may appoint. Give me some token in your reply to this that I may know him, and I will afford your Government satisfactory proof of the conspiracy, so that it may be foiled. You will please inclose my traveling expenses to Morrisburg and back as an evidence of good faith.
D. CAMBELL McNAB, B. A.,
Principal Classical Academy and Head Master Grammar School,
Richmond, Canada West.
P. S. I enjoin the strictest privacy and silence till I put the whole into your hands. I have as an evidence of my good faith to say that one of my beloved nephews, Capt. James A. Lothian, Company C, Twenty-sixth Regiment Michigan Volunteers, was mortally wounded near Petersburg, and died at Washington in the service of the United States, and ever since that event I have looked upon the Southern cause with abhorrence. Being a member of a secret society, of which I am one of the county heads (or chiefs), I have come to a full knowledge of this projected attack and raid.
N. B. As evidences of my respectability, I inclose envelopes of letters received by me at different times from the Hon. John A. McDonald, attorney-general of Upper Canada, and the Hon. W. McDougall, provincial secretary.
N. B., No. 2. I formerly lived at Arnprior, and I received my appointment here in January last. I have weekly communications with Arnprior. The inclosures I will bring with me.
SAINT ALBANS VT., March 29, 1865.
(Received 11.45 p.m.)
Hon. W. H. SEWARD,
Secretary of State:
Telegram from our consul in Montreal says raiders discharged; their acts fully sustained. Have arrested them on another warrant.
J. GREGORY SMITH,
Governor of Vermont.
NEW YORK, March 29, 1865.
(Received 11.40 p.m.)
Hon. W. H. SEWARD,
Secretary of State:
Saint Albans raiders discharged. Have instructed Montreal consul to take no more steps in our behalf. If you desire otherwise, please inform me here.
GEO. F. EDMUNDS.
"Toronto, April 7  -- The St. Albans robbers arrived here this morning, and were brought before the Recorder this afternoon, on a charge of misdemeanor, when they applied for a delay till Monday in order to obtain counsel, which was granted. They were then remanded and the case adjourned until Monday." (The Philadelphia Inquirer, Saturday, April 8, 1865)
CITY POINT, VA., March 31, 1865--8.30 p.m.
JOHN F. POTTER,
U.S. Consul-General, Montreal:
If Canadian Government detains Saint Albans raiders on their own charges, let proceedings on behalf of this Government be suspended. If not, then proceed under requisitions for surrender.
William H. SEWARD,
Secretary of State.
Washington City, April 24, 1865--2.20 p.m.
Major-General DIX, New York:
A dispatch from General Sherman states that--
Wilson held Macon on the 30th [20th], with Howell Cobb, G. W. Smith, and others as prisoners, but they claimed the benefit of my armistice, and he has telegraphed to me through the rebel lines for orders. I have answered him that he may draw out of Macon and hold his command for further orders, unless he has reason to believe the rebels are changing the status to our prejudice.
This Department has information that the President's murder was organized in Canada and approved at Richmond. One of the assassins now in prison, who attempted to kill Mr. Seward, is believed to be one of the Saint Albans raiders.
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.