From the first of November, 1861, to the first of January, 1862, recruiting was continued, to some extent, for the regiments in the field, and recruits were enlisted and mustered, as follows:
Second Regiment, 3 Third ", 78 1st Cavalry ", 45 1st Co. Sharp Shooters, 1 2d " " ", 9 ----- Total 136
On the first of January, 1862, the United States assumed the direction and control of the recruiting service in this State, and appointed a General Superintendent, having his station at Burlington. Officers and men were detailed from the regiments in the field, to act as recruiting officers, and were stationed in different parts of the State. Under this system 412 recruits were enlisted, and were mustered into the United States' service at Burlington, April 12, 1862. They were assigned to regiments, as follows:
Second Regiment 76 Third " 101 Fourth " 77 Fifth " 63 Sixth " 96 ----- Total 412
On the 3d day of April, 1862, the War Department directed, that all further recruiting should cease.
This State had then furnished troops, under the first call for 500,000 men to serve three years, as follows, -- including recruits:
Nov. 1, 1861.
Between Nov 1,
1861 & May 1, '62.
Aggregate Second Regiment, 1105 78 1183 Third " 944 179 1123 Fourth " 1046 77 1123 Fifth " 1036 63 1099 Sixth " 980 96 1076 First Cav'y " 45 1011 1014 Seventh " 1014 1014 Eighth " 1015 1015 First Battery, 156 156 Second Battery, 172 172 1st Co. S. Shoot's, 104 1 105 2d Co. " 91 9 100 3d Co. " 106 106 Total, 6272 3011 9283
Of this number, there were in actual service, on the 16th of April, 1862, 8,773 men, as shown by the latest returns then received at this office.
The cessation in the active labor of raising troops was of brief duration. On the 19th of May, a telegram (Appendix A.) was received from the Adjutant General of the Army, inquiring how soon one or more infantry regiments could be raised and organized; and this was followed, May 21st by the direction (Appendix A.) to raise one regiment of infantry immediately, to be ready in thirty days, -- and by a telegram, May 25th, (Appendix A.) from the Secretary of War, stating that the enemy, in great force, was advancing upon Washington, and requesting the Governor immediately to organize and forward all the volunteer and militia force in the State. Vermont had no militia to send. But immediate and energetic effort was made to respond, with the best possible delay, to a call so urgent. Some delay was unavoidable. The entire machinery of recruiting had passed into disuse. No such call had been anticipated. Enlistment contracts had to be prepared and printed, as well as all the necessary forms for commissioning recruiting officers and for their instruction, descriptive rolls, medical inspection rolls, and all the other necessary means for recruiting systematically, and preserving full and accurate records of what was done.
General Order No. 5, (Appendix B.) directing the raising of the Ninth Regiment, was issued May 21st. The call could hardly have been made at a time when the prospect for successful recruiting appeared less satisfactory. The impression had prevailed very generally throughout the State, as the result of the order of the War Department of April 3d, stopping enlistments, that no more troops would be required; and the young men, from whose number the requisition was to be supplied, had mostly made engagements for the season. This, in an agricultural community, like that of Vermont, rendered the prospect of obtaining volunteers, rapidly, sufficiently discouraging--since those engagements must necessarily be released, or broken. But it was believed that the earnest determination of the people of the State, to do everything necessary for sustaining the Government, would enable the officers of the State to fulfill the assurance, given by the Governor to the Secretary of War, that the regiment could be raised and be ready for service in forty days.
It had been found, that the mode of appointing recruiting officers, adopted at the commencement of the year, while it obviated the difficulty, which it was designed to remedy, and produced harmony in the organization of companies, was yet defective, in imposing upon the recruiting officer so much personal labor and responsibility that it was impossible for him to obtain enlistments with the rapidity, which had become indispensable. It was therefore decided to appoint, as previously, one principal recruiting officer for each company, and to appoint, in addition, upon the nomination of the principal recruiting officer, such number of subordinate recruiting officers as might be necessary, requiring them to report to their principal each three days, and to send to the principal station the recruits enlisted--not retaining at the subordinate station more than five men at any one time.
The form of the enlistment contract was also entirely changed, and the form adopted, substantially, used in the recruiting service of the United States' army, -- combining the contract of enlistment, the oath of the recruit, the certificates of the oath and of the medical examination, and the full and perfect personal description, necessary to the identification of the recruit.
Recruiting stations were established, and principal recruiting officers appointed, as follows:
Brattleboro, Francis Goodhue, May 22, 1862 Plainfield, Albion J. Mower, " 22, " Perkinsville Charles Jarvis, " 23, " St. Johnsbury, Edwin B. Frost, " 24, " Hydepark, Charles Dutton, " 24, " Rutland, Edward H. Ripley, " 24, " Middlebury, Albert R. Sabin, " 26, " Burlington, Reed Bascom, " 26, " Swanton, Albert B. Jewett, " 26, " Bradford, John C. Stearns, " 26, " Bennington, Sanford M. Robinson, Jr., " 28, " Irasburgh, Amasa Bartlett, " 29, "
The regiment was raised rapidly. The people of the State took hold of the work earnestly; enlistments were everywhere encouraged; farmers, in many cases at great personal sacrifice, relinquished their contracts with their hired men; and within forty days from the time the first man was enlisted, the regiment was in camp.
The several companies of the NINTH REGIMENT were organized as follows:
Co. A. Swanton, June 14, 1862, Capt. Valentine G. Barney " B. Rutland, " 20, " " Edward H. Ripley " C. Middlebury, " 24, " " Albert R. Sabin " D. Perkinsville, " 25, " " Charles Jarvis " E. Irasburgh, " 25, " " Amasa Bartlett " F. Burlington, " 25, " " George A. Beebe " G. Bradford, " 26, " " Wm. J. Henderson " H. Hydepark, " 27, " " Abial H. Slayton " I. Plainfield, " 30, " " Albion J. Mower " K. Brattleboro, July 3, " " David W. Lewis
The regiment rendezvoused at Brattleboro, and was mustered into the service of the United States on the 9th day of July, with 920 officers and men, under command of Col. George J. Stannard, and left the States on the 15th of July.
On the 30th of May the Secretary of War had announced (Appendix A,) that, under the call for three years' volunteers, fifty thousand men would be accepted, as raised and reported by the Governors of the States. On the 18th of June he telegraphed (Appendix A,) that the Government was in pressing need of troops, and inquired how many could be forwarded immediately. On the 26th of June, he requested the Governor (Appendix A,) to raise and organize the Tenth Regiment. And on the first of July, the President of the United States issued his call for 300,000 volunteers, to server for three years.
The work of recruiting was pressed vigorously forward, and the earnest desire of the officers of the State to comply as speedily as possible with the call of the President was most earnestly met and seconded by the people of the State. On the 5th of July the Governor issued his Address, (Appendix B,) General Order No. 7, (Appendix B,) directing the raising of the Tenth Regiment, was issued July 7th; and General Order No. 8, (Appendix B,) directing the raising of the Eleventh Regiment, was issued July 9th.
The Tenth and Eleventh Regiments were recruited simultaneously. Additional recruiting stations and Principal Recruiting Officers were appointed, as follows:
Alburgh, William W. Rockwell, July 8, 1862 Burlington, Reed Bascom, " 10, " Hydepark, Charles Dutton, " 10, " Waterbury, Edwin Dillingham, " 10, " Ludlow, Gardner J. Howe, " 10, " Irasburgh, James Rice, " 11, " Rutland, John A. Sheldon, " 11, " Fairhaven, James T. Hyde, " 11, " Bellows Falls, Charles Buxton, " 11, " Worcester, Robinson Templeton, " 11, " Swanton, Hiram Platt, " 12, " St. Albans, Charles G. Chandler, " 12, " Bradford, George P. Baldwin, " 12, " Shoreham, Charles Hunsden, " 14, " Derby Line, Hiram R. Steele, " 14, " Brattleboro, John Hunt, " 15, " Royalton, Benjamin R. Chamberlain, " 15, " St. Johnsbury, George E. Chamberlin, " 19, "
These two regiments were raised with unexampled rapidity. Both were full beyond the maximum number required, and were in camp at Brattleboro' on the 15th of August.
The companies of the TENTH REGIMENT were organized as follows:
Co. A. St. Johnsbury, July 11, 1862, Capt. Edwin B. Frost " B. Waterbury, Aug. 4, " " Edwin Dillingham " C. Rutland, " 5, " " John A. Sheldon " D. Burlington, " 5, " " Giles F. Appleton " E. Bennington, " 7, " " Madison E. Winslow " F. Swanton, " 6, " " Hiram Platt " G. Bradford, " 12, " " George B. Damon " H. Ludlow, " 8, " " Levi T. Hunt " I. St. Albans, " 11, " " Charles G. Chandler " K. Derby Line, " 12, " " Hiram R. Steele
The companies of the ELEVENTH REGIMENT were organized as follows:
Co. A. St. Johnsbury, Aug. 12, 1861, Capt. Geo. E. Chamberlin " B. Shoreham, " 13, " " Charles Hunsden " C. Fairhaven, " 13, " " James T. Hyde. " D. Hydepark " 12, " " Urban A. Woodbury " E. Brattleboro, " 14, " " John Hunt " F. Irasburgh, " 12, " " James Rice " G. Bellows Falls, " 12, " " CHarles Buxton " H. Royalton, " 13, " " James D. Rich " I. Worcester, " 13, " " Robinson Templeton " K. Alburgh, " 15, " " George D. Sowles
Both regiments were mustered into the United States' service on the first day of September, -- the Tenth with 1016 officers and men, commanded by Colonel Albert B. Jewett, and the Eleventh with 1018 officers and men, commanded by Colonel James M. Warner. The Tenth Regiment left the State September 6th, and the Eleventh Regiment September 7th. Two recruits have since been mustered into the Tenth Regiment, -- making 1018 men, -- and one into the Eleventh, making 1019 men.