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Adjutant and Inspector General Reports

1863 Report
Appendix C

U. S. General Hospital
Brattleboro', Vt., Sept. 19, 1863

To His Excellency, Hon. F. Holbrook, Governor of Vermont:

In reply to your note of the 15th inst., I would respectfully state the 922 men have been regularly transferred to this Hospital, through the agency of the State Commissioners, appointed for that purpose. Of these,

158have been transferred to General Hospital at Burlington
277have been restored to health, sufficiently to return to their regiments.
83have been discharged the service.
8have died
56have been transferred to invalid corps, or have deserted.
310still remain in hospital
-----
Total--922

In addition to the above, 111 men, forwarded by the State Commissioners, have been sent to Burlington from here, who were not entered upon the books of this Hospital.

Such are the facts in regard to the number of men brought home, and the result of the movement, in general terms.

In speaking more particularly of these results, I would call to mind your arrangement with the Secretary of War, and the Surgeon General, that, so far as practicable, the sick forwarded to Vermont should embrace three classes of patients, who have suffered most severely at the South, and amongst whome the greatest mortality prevailed, viz: -- Those of the chronic diarrhea; those of protracted recovery from the malarial typhoid affection so common in the Army of the Potomac; and lastly, those cases of gun-shot wounds in which a bad condition of the system existed.

Of the cases of chronic diarrhea, there have been only two or three that have been over three months in hospital, but what have recovered, and of those who have spent a less period, marked improvement has taken place. With this disease, our expectations have been more than realized, and we have to regret that men could not, at an earlier period of the war, have been brought into hospitals within the State. The typhoid cases treated were not so numerous as those of chronic diarrhea, but the success has been nearly equal. some cases of fever, that came in from the nine months' regiments, when they returned to be mustered out, were more fatal. I am still more fully persuaded that in protracted convalescence from the typhoid disease, secondary affections may, for the most part, be avoided by the return of the patients to their native climate. The gun-shot wounds have been numerous, forming at least one-third of the whole number received into hospital. Thus far, every case has either recovered, or bids fair to do so at an early stage.

Thus it may safely be said that the enterprise of bringing men from the Southern hospitals to the STate has been a successful one, and nothing has yet occurred to show that the location of the hospital has been other than judicious, and it may well be added that the expenditure made by the State have most fully accomplished the benevolent object for which they were made.

Very respectfully,
     Your obedient servant,
         Edward E. Phelps
              Surgeon, U. S. A., in charge.