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Adjutant and Inspector General Reports

1864 Report

Appendix F

HEADQUARTERS SECOND BRIGADE, SMITH'S DIVISION,
Hagerstown,
September, 1862.

SIR: I have to report the operations of this brigade in the battle of Crampton's Pass, September 14:

The brigade was ordered to pass through the town of Burkittsville, with the view of supporting Slocum's main attack on the right, by following the main road that crossed the mountain. After passing through the town, under a heavy fire of artillery from the crest of the mountain on the left, we found the enemy in position behind a stone wall at right angles with the road. From this position they kept up a harassing fire, not only on this brigade, but upon Slocum's left. Skirmishers were thrown out to dislodge them, with little effect.

As soon as the nature of the ground and the exact position of the wall could be determined, the 4th Vermont, Lieut.-Col. Stoughton, was deployed with the 2d Vermont, under Major Walbridge, in support in second line, and the other three regiments in support on the edge of the town. In this position an advance was made against the wall, which was carried immediately, and some 15 or 20 prisoners captured. The advance was continued by the 4th and 2d without further opposition, until the top of the mountain was reached, when the Fourth was ordered to take the crest to our left, toward the battery that fired upon us as we passed through the town. The Second continued on down the other slope of the mountain and reached the base as the troops of Slocum's division had scattered the enemy. The 4th proceeded on the crest of the mountain about a mile, and captured another party of prisoners, all belonging to the 16th Virginia. In the last party was the major of the regiment, who commanded, and the battle-flag of this regiment was also captured. The other regiments followed the above movements by the main road. The brigade bivouaced at the point where Slocum's division ceased the pursuit, and, on throwing out pickets, a 12 pounder howitzer, with horses, &c., complete, and but slightly disabled, was found abandoned by the enemy, which was turned over to Capt. Cowan. The conduct of the troops on this occasion is worthy of commendation. Exposed to a plunging fire of artillery while passing over a space of a mile and more, and afterward to that of the enemy's sharpshooters, not the least hesitancy was observed. It gives me pleasure to call especial notice to the good conduct of Lieut. Col. C. B. Stoughton, commanding 4th Vermont, and Major Walbridge, commanding 2d Vermont; also to Lieuts. Parsons and Wheeler, of my personal staff, who were active in the discharge of their respective duties.

Very respectfully,
W. T. H. BROOKS,
Brig. Gen., Commanding Brigade.

The ASSISTANT ADJUTANT-GENERAL,
Division Headquarters.

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