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Adjutant and Inspector General Reports
1865 Report
Appendix B.
Correspondence, Circulars, &c.

III. SYSTEM OF RECRUITING.

War Department,
Provost Marshal General's Office,
Washington, D. C., Dec. 7th, 1864.

Maj. W. Austine, U. S. A.,
Supt. Vol. Recruiting Service, Brattleboro, Vt.

Major:--I am directed by the Provost Marshal General to invite your attention to the fact, that all authority given to Governors of States to appoint Recruiting Agents, was revoked by General Orders No. 131, dated Adjutant General's Office, March 31st, 1864. General Orders No. 75, Series of 1863, which gave that authority, are distinctly rescinded by General Orders No. 131, series of 1864.

The only persons authorized to enlist recruits, are officers detailed on Recruiting service by Special Orders from War Department, and 2d Lieutenants appointed by Governors of States, and conditionally mustered into service, under the provisions of General Orders No. 131 of 1864. Agents may present recruits for enlistment, but they cannot sign enlistment papers themselves. Until the recruit is duly enlisted, no expenses for transportation, subsistence, or lodging, can be paid by the United States.

I am, Major, very respectfully,
Your ob't serv't,
CHAUNCEY McKEEVER,
(Signed,) Assistant Adjutant General.

A true copy. By order.
Major W. AUSTINE, U. S. A.,
A. A. Provost Marshal General.
J. S. ADAMS,
1st Lieut. Vet. Res. Corps, and
Acting Inspector Provost Marshal General's Bureau.

(ENDORSED.)

OFFICE A. A. P. M. General,
Brattleboro, Vt., Dec. 14, 1864.

Respectfully forwarded to Brigadier General P. T. Washburn, Adjutant and Inspector General of Vermont, Woodstock, Vt.

By Order.
MAJ. Wm. AUSTINE, U. S. A.
A. A. P. M. General.
J. S. ADAMS,
1st Lieut. V. R. C.,
Act'g Ins. P. M. General's Bureau.

STATE OF VERMONT

Adjutant and Inspector General's Office,
Woodstock, Dec. 18, 1864.

Maj. Wm. Austine,
A. A. Provost Marshal General, Brattleboro, Vt.

Sir:--I have received from your office an official copy of a letter from the office of the Provost Marshal General, in respect to allowance of accounts, and appointment of Recruiting Officers. I do not perceive its application to any accounts which have accrued in this State. If any such effect is intended to be given to it, I will be obliged to you for distinct and full information as to its practical bearing, in order that I may give it due consideration.

We have the best recruiting system in Vermont that has ever been devised, and I do not propose to have it weakened, or affected, by any indirect means, or any authority short of that of the Secretary of War.

Very respectfully,
(Signed,) PETER T. WASHBURN
Adjt. and Ins. General.

Office A. A. Provost Marshal General,
Brattleboro, Vt., Dec. 27th, 1864.

Brig. General Peter T. Washburn,
Adjutant and Inspector General, State of Vermont, Woodstock, Vt.:

General:--Your two communications of the 18th instant were received during my absence at St. Albans.

I enclose a copy of telegram found among General Pitcher's papers, which I have forwarded to Washington, and which I think will settle the questions, and let recruiting matters be continued as usual. Your system of raising recruits is the best I have ever known, and I have no doubt will continue to be authorized at Washington.

Relative to the subject of dropping absentees, I daily expect a reply to my letter; in the meantime I will instruct Provost Marshals as you suggest, which I think the proper plan. The Selectmen, however, must give the Provost Marshal all the desired information, so as to ensure the enrolment of the man in some district.

I am, General, Very respectfully,

Your obt' serv't,
(Signed,) W. AUSTINE, Major U. S. A.
Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General.

War Department,
Provost Marshal General's Office,
Washington, D. C., July 20, 1864.

Brig. General T. G. Pitcher,
Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General, Brattleboro, Vt.

Let the volunteering under the late call be conducted according to the general suggestions of the State authorities, as was done under the call of October seventeenth, (17th). Make this known to the Governor of the State and Adjutant General.

(Signed,) JAMES B. FRY,
Provost MArshal General.
Official Copy.

(Signed,) GEO. D. RUGGLES, Asst. Adjt. Gen'l.
A true Copy,
W. AUSTINE, Major U. S. A.
Chief Mustering Officer, and Supt. Vol. Rec. Service.

War Department,
Provost Marshal General's Office,
Washington, D. C., Dec. 29th, 1864

Maj. W. AUSTINE, U. S. A.
Supt. Vol. Rec't'g Service, Brattleboro, Vt.:

Major:--In reply to your communication of the 27th inst., the Provost Marshal General directed me to state, that recruiting in Vermont must be conducted under the orders recently sent to you.

Selectmen of Towns can present recruits to the nearest Provost Marshal, or other recruiting officer, for enlistment, but no expense incurred prior to the enlistment of recruits by a Provost Marshal, or other recruiting officer, can be paid by the United States.

It is not understood in this office how recruiting by Selectmen can be more economical for the Government than the system of recruiting at present in force.

I am, Major, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed,) CHAUNCEY McKEEVER,
Asst. Adjt. General.

A True Copy. By Order.
William AUSTINE, Major U. S. A.
Act'g Asst. Provost Marshal General.
J. S. ADAMS, 1st Lieut. Vet. Res. Corps,
Act'g Ins. Pro. Mar'l General's Bureau.

January 2d.

General:--You will see the final decision of the Provost Marshal General. I regret it, but it cannot be helped. Please notify me when the two companies are organized. I will send Lieut. Davison to muster and receive them.

Respectfully yours,
W. AUSTINE, Major U. S. A.

Circular,
No. 11.
Office A. A. Pro. Mar. Gen.,
Brattleboro, Vt., Feb. 9th, 1865.

In accordance with instructions received from the Provost Marshal General, the recruiting for the several towns in this State, under the late call, will be conducted under the immediate superintendence of the State authorities, and the following instructions and regulations are therefore announced for the information and guidance of the several Provost Marshals in this State, by whom all recruits will be mustered:--

1st. The Selectmen of towns, and such superintendents and agents as the Adjutant and Inspector General the State may appoint, are announced as Recruiting Officers, and all heir accounts oas such will be recognized accordingly. Enlistments, therefore, by Selectmen, will be received by Provost marshals, and the recruits mustered in upon them.

2d. A clerk or agent for the State, appointed by the Adjutant and Inspector General, will be stationed at the head-quarters of each Provost Marshal, who will receive the recruits from the State Superintendent of Recruiting to be turned over by him to the Provost Marshal, who will receive and provide for them.

The State agent will present recruits to the Provost Marshals for muster on certain specified days in each week, and they shall dispose of them on these days, or as soon thereafter as practicable, to the exclusion of any other business pertaining to the enlistment of other recruits or substitutes.

The following are the days designated on which recruits will be presented by the State agent in each District:--

1st District, Mondays and Tuesdays
2d District, Wednesdays and Thursdaysof each week
3d District, Fridays and Saturdays

4th. Provost Marshals will forward one copy of the muster-in-roll of every recruit or detachment mustered, to the State Adjutant and Inspector General through the person designated by him for that purpose.

The other copies will be disposed of as heretofore directed. The roll furnished the Adjutant and Inspector General will account for all recruits presented, whether accepted or not, the rejected recruits to be placed at the bottom of the roll, noting in column of remarks the date of rejection.

Recruits enlisted by Provost Marshals, and other than State recruiting agents, will be mustered on separate rolls as heretofore ordered.

5th. All rejected recruits will be at once reported to the State. Agents to be by them disposed of as the State may direct.

********************

7th. It is expected that Provost Marshals and all other officers of the Provost Marshal General's Department, will co-operate cheerfully and in good faith with officers appointed by the State, in filling the quota of the State by volunteering, according to the plan herein announced.

By Order.
MAJ. Wm. AUSTINE, U. S. A.
A. A. Pro. Mar. Gen'l.

J. S. ADAMS, 1st Lieut. V.R.C.,
Act. Ins. Pro. Mar. General's Bureau

(ENDORSED.)

Office A. A. P. M. General,
Brattleboro, Vt., Jan. 9, 1865.

Official Copy. Respectfully furnished to General Washburn, Adjutant and Inspector General of Vermont.

By Order.
MAJ. Wm. AUSTINE, U. S. A.
A. A. Pro. Mar. Gen'l.

J. S. ADAMS, 1st Lieut. V.R.C.,
A. I. P. M. G. B.