Organization and Service
Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in September 1, 1862. Moved to Washington, District of Columbia, September 6-8. Attached to Grover's Brigade, Military District of Washington, to February, 1863. Jewett's Brigade, Provisional Division, 22nd Army Corps, Department of Washington, to June, 1863. French's Command, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Camp at Arlington Heights until Sep. 14, 1862. Mar. to Seneca Locks, MD, Sep. 14-17, and guard duty along the Potomac from Edward's Ferry to Muddy Branch until Oct. 11 and at Seneca Creek until Nov. 13. At Offutt's Cross Roads until Dec. 21. Moved to Poolesville Dec. 21, and duty at White's Ford (Cos. "C," "E," "H" and "I"); at mouth of the Monocacy (Cos. "A," "F" and "D"); at Conrad's Ferry (Cos. "B," ".G" and "K') until Apr. 19, 1863. At Poolesville, MD, to Jun. 24. Moved to Harper's Ferry, WVA, Jun. 24-26, thence to Frederick, MD, Jun. 30, and to Monocacy Jul. 2. Pursuit of Lee Jul. 6-23. Wapping Heights Jul. 23. At Routt's Hill Aug. 1-Sep. 15. At Culpeper until Oct. 8. Bristoe Campaign Oct. 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe Oct. 14. Advance to the Rappahannock Nov. 7-8. Kelly's Ford Nov. 7. Brandy Station Nov. 8. Mine Run Campaign Nov. 26-Dec. 2. Payne's Farm Nov. 27. Demonstration on the Rapidan Feb. 6-7, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-Jun. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C.H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania C.H., May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Pamunkey River May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor Jun. 1-12. Before Petersburg Jun. 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road Jun. 22-23. Siege of Petersburg until Jul. 6. Moved to Baltimore, MD, Jul. 6-8. Battle of Monocacy Jul. 9. Expedition to Snicker's Gap Jul. 14-24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Aug. 6-Nov. 28. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan, Sep. 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, Sep. 19. Fisher's Hill Sep. 22. Battle of Cedar Creek Oct. 19. Camp Russell Nov. 10. Duty at Kernstown until Dec. Moved to Washington, DC, thence to Petersburg, VA, Dec. 3-6. Siege of Petersburg Dec. 13, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, Mar. 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign Mar. 28-Apr. 9. Assault on and capture of Petersburg Apr. 2. Sutler's Creek Apr. 6. Appomattox C.H. Apr. 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Mar. to Danville Apr. 23-27 and duty there until May 16. Moved to Richmond, thence Mar. to Washington May 24-Jun. 3. Corps Review Jun. 8. Mustered out Jun. 22, 1865, recruits to 5th VT.
Regiment lost during service: 149 men killed and mortally wounded, 2 died from accidents, 32 died in Confederate prisons and 153 died from disease. Total 336.
Source: Frederick H. Dyer, A compendium of the War of the Rebellion: compiled and arranged from official records of the federal and Confederate armies, reports of the adjutant generals of the several states, the army registers, and other reliable documents and sources, (Dyer Pub. Co., Des Moines, IA, 1908), Part 3, pp. 1647-1654.