11th Vermont Infantry (aka First Heavy Artillery, Vermont Volunteers)
CorrespondenceNelson Newton Glazier
White River Junction
Winsdor Co. Vt.
May 8th 1863
My Dear Father;
I am still at this place; Lieut. Fleming is here with me. Recruiting here is very dull; it seems to me that this is about as dull a place for recruiting as could well be found; perhaps we may do something yet I hope too at least. News came yesterday that General Hooker had recrossed the Rappahannock; doubtless you will hear the particulars of the battle before this reaches you; I hope for the best; I am very anxious to hear the news of today. If Hooker has been defeated I hope our Government will raise an additional army of 500,000 men, hurl them upon Virginia and sweep & resweep through & through that state until every rebel is exterminated; then take another state treat it in the same way and thus wipe out the Rebellion. Believing as I do that God governs in the affairs of men I have strong faith that the old flag will triumph yet; I am not discouraged. Banks has been very successful in Louisiana & I had hoped that Hooker would be equally so in Va. But I will wait the news.
I am boarding at the Junction House, a very fine Hotel. The other day I went up to Norwich, where the Military school is, called on Gen. Jackman one of the Professors, talked with him relative to recruiting in that section etc. I also went over to Hanover N.H. where Dartmouth College is; it is a very pleasant place. This college has sent out many emminent men; Daniel Webster graduated here. - Yesterday 'twas very stormy here some snow & some rain; I notice some snow still remains on the hills now. (9-20 A.M.) Did you make any Maple sugar after I left? It seemed so good & pleasant to see you all. It did me much good. I hope to be able to see you again before I return to the seat of war, but cannot tell; war is very uncertain. There are a good many folks about home I want to see yet before I return. One of the most pleasant, or at least laughable reminiscences of my visit home was that "cavalry raid". I think I'll never forget the calm look of determination lightened up by the smile of benign serenity that sat upon the countenance of that juvenile specimen of humanity that rode astride that old Estabrookarion (great men coin words) charger. How is Abel on the sugar question? It does one's soul good to see him eat sugar; he takes hold of it with so much energy - when it is forced upon him - I remember a year ago or so, he did not eat so much more than common folks, also that he seemed to eat in a civilized manner, but I saw that on the sugar question he had entirely changed, and happy for the sugar interest of Vt. and the cause of humanity generally that his mouth is no bigger, and his whiskers no longer to catch what his mouth will not contain. --Saturday Morning May 9th 1863 -Hooker has moved back across the Rappahannock; it seems that the river was rising rapidly and he was fearful that it would thus endanger his line of communications; and thus cut him from his base of supplies. The Rebels have the advantage in knowing every foot of ground; my opinion is that when the river comes to go down there will be another move of the Army and another battle. Before expressing much of an opinion regarding the battle I want the facts in the case. My faith in the final success of our cause remains unshaken, to maintain the dignity & honor of the Republic I am willing to labor and suffer.
Father I wish I could be with you this Spring, I hope you will not work to hard; it is pleasant for me to be here in Vt. this Spring, but would be much pleasanter if I could be near you. Let me hear from you soon; address me at this place.
Affectionately, Your Son
N. N. Glazier
Franklin County Vt.
June 22nd 1863
My Dear Father;
I am now at Swanton almost to Canada line among Yankees, Canadians etc. This Canadian French, I do not profess to understand and I don't know who can unless it is this Canadian class of people. This town lies on Lake Champlain & there is only one town between this and Canada. I dont like the style of the people here as well as in our part of the State, still for the sake of getting recruits I will try and stand it a while. I got here last Friday night, enlisted one man the night I got here & now have a number on the string. Friday I started from White River Junction - 2 o'clock P.M. - came up the Vt. Central Railroad by Montpelier, near Burlington through St. Albans and arrived here about 8 o'clock P.M. The country along this road is delightful; the vally of the Winooski (Onion) river is a most delightful country; I had not supposed there was any such land here. June 17th I was at Coneard N.H. to the great Union Mass Convention, this was a considerable of a gathering; some 20 or 25,000 people were estimated there. I got back to White River Junction about 5 o'clock the next morning tired & sleepy. I heard Gen. Butler & Postmaster Gen. Blair speak also some others; Fremont was expected to be there but circumstances were such that he could not come. The 8th of July there is to be a Union Meeting at Burlington to nominate Governor for the State; dont know whether I shall be there or not, probaly not. I think that Smith of St. Albans will get the Nomination, though of course we cant tell yet. Are you going to have any doings the Fourth? If I were near, I would like to give you a Fourth of July Oration; I am sorry I cannot be at home more this summer, being in the State as I am, but I shall try and get home again before I leave for "Dixie"; one day I hope to see this awful war close & then I'll go home & make you a long visit. I often very often think of you, and wonder how you are getting along with your work; be careful & not work too hard; I hope you & Mother are both well & enjoying life; I often think of you at the Old Gray Cottage. I love it because it is the home of my childhood; I love it because you are there. Do you get any news about home if so write me direct to Swanton Vt. I hope to hear from you very soon, dont disappoint me. Do you hear from Czarina recently? How is Alonzo? Is he going to get [??] this summer?
I am boarding to the Hotel here kept by Mr. Keys; when we were coming here Lt. Fleming asked some one which was the best Hotel in the place - as there are two - he was answered that no matter which one he went he would wish he had gone to the other. I think such to be the fact judging from what I have seen. Sunday we got but two meals, but still we managed to live through the day & came out all right. I do not think I'll get around to help you hay this summer, but nothing would suit me better. Do you get my state pay regularly? Have you received $4.00 from Washington recently? - some money owing to me which I directed to be sent to you - If you receive this money use it. I must close; write me very soon.
Good Bye Accept my kindest love & believe me as ever your affectionate & loving son
N. N. Glazier
June 26th 1863
Your letter of 23rd was duly received and perused with pleasure. I was pleased to learn that Marion had a littled girl, but somewhat surprised that such an event should have transpired some two weeks before my hearing of it, but better late than never and I thank you for getting the start of all others in relation to this item of news. I am sorry to hear of Uncle Franks death; I had hoped that I might see him before his death, thinking that sometime I should visit Hallowell. My things came well; do not borrow any trouble because they "did not look better" as you say; I am certainly satisfied & I thank you for sending them. Did you not think my knapsack a perfect Museum; that is the Army style. My health is very good, time passes very pleasantly; I am seeing a good deal of my own state this summer, 'twould be much pleasanter than camp life. This place is rather of a low sunken position both in respect to locality & morals, still I think there are many good people here; there are two Hotels, it makes no difference - as near as I can find out - to which you go, you will wish you were at the other; regular one horse machines both of them. The other day I went out & picked some strawberries, did not find them very plenty, still I found some. Do you have any strawberries this summer? What is the prospect for apples etc? I am sorry you have so much loss in cattle this spring. Well Father dont you wish you had me to help you chop a while this summer? Although chopping never was my forte, still I could oversee the business you know. I should be very glad indeed to help you hay this summer were it possible; How much wool have you this summer; I expect it will bring a good price - sheep are now good stock and will be while the war lasts. Well this war will not always last; I anticipate a great battle near Washington soon; and mark me, when it does come off, 'twill be a bloody fight; my faith is strong in the ultimate victory of the North; I fear not except these Northern traitors, who too cowardly to take their chance, in open battle, of the sword & the [??] , stab us in the back while we are battling open enemies in front.
Good Bye - my kind love to all - tell Emma I will write her ere long.
N. N. Glazier
(In writing home shall I address Stratton or West Wardboro?)
(Czarina's letter came all right)
(think I shall go to Burlington the "Fourth")
Sept. 15th, 1863
My Dear Father;
I arrived at this place all right yesterday morning; find things about as usual; I am to remain here, or in this vicinity, a while at least, to assist in recruiting a Battery of Light Artillery. The Office where I stop is opposite the Brattleboro House, so if you chance to come this way you must give me a call. How is Rose? I hope she is better by this time; write me often if only a word that I may know how you all are. I hope you will be very careful and not work too hard, so as to get sick. I enjoyed my visit at home much, should have enjoyed it still more had Rose been well. I hope to see you all again before I return to Washington. Give my kind regards to all, & believe me as ever your very Affectionate Son.
N. N. Glazier
N. N. Glazier Esq.
P. S. Address me at Brattleboro Vt.
Oct 2nd 1863
My Dear Father;
I arrived at Wardsboro about an hour before the stage left; found Jerome Temple & Almira Johnson there; Almira was going to Brattleboro to see Henry; so we came down together; we arrived here between 8 & 9 o'clock. found Henry better than we expected; he was in the Barracks. I hope he will not be very sick; but cannot tell. I am feeling very well today, I slept considerable on board the stage last night; but it was not very sound rest. I am very anxious to hear from Rose. I am so anxious she may live; but if she must die I pray God to save her & give her a home in glory. Write me very often how she is. How are they at Mr. Holden's also the other sick ones in Stratton? I found all right here; I shall probably stay here a time; at least address me here till further notice. I unfortunately left my gold pen at home also my Ink Stand; if you have an opportunity send them to me; if not take the pen from the holder, roll up a little roll of paper to put the pen on it, tie it on with a thread - so it will not get injured - & put it in a letter in the corner opposite the stamp so the Postmaster may not spoil it in stamping the letter - and send it to me here at Brattleboro. I am now writing with a quill. Much love to All;
As Ever Your Affectionate Son.
Send the Ink Stand when you have an opportunity. (N.N.G.)
Oct. 18th 1863
I have had but one letter from home since I left; that was by hand of Rodney. Do write me soon that I may know how you all are. I hope Rose is better and am inclined to think she is, from my not hearing from you. Sunday afternoon Capt. Fleming & I went up to Bellows Falls - with a team - stopped over night at his father's; in the morning he came down on the train and I drove down the team; I came through West[??], saw a few of my old acquantances & arrived at Brattleboro a little past one P.M. I had a very pleasant time indeed. Last night I was sent to Bellows Falls to look up deserters; did not catch any; returned here today but found no letter from home. From present appearances I think perhaps it will be some time before I go back to Washington; still military orders are very uncertain things. I have been up to West Brattleboro this morning, rode up with a friend. I saw Uncle Adams here some days ago. Henry Johnson was better the last I knew; I have not seen him for about two days. - I hope you will be able to read this I have written in a great hurry - Much love to all
Affectionately Your Son
November 7th 1863
Dear Father and Mother;
I am still at Brattleboro; expect to return to Washington the first part of next week; I shall write you when I go. I am now drilling recruits at Camp, drill two hours a day. How is Rose this morning? Write me frequently that I may know how you all are, even if your letters are short. How is Aunt Sarah? I have no news of special interest other than you get in the papers. I see that ten men are required from Stratton, where will they come from? I think there must be another draft in January; I hope the Authorities will do all they can to promote volunteering; The Army must be recruited; our success may seem slow but it will - I believe - surely come. - Much Love to All. Has Emma gone to Chester? - Good Bye -
Brattleboro Vt. Nov 15th 1863
Dear Folks at Home;
It is a dull dreary kind of day and although I have little news to write, still I will write a few lines that you may know that I am alive and still at Brattleboro instead of Washington. Last week a squad of sixty five recruits were sent on to the Army from here; two of our Recruiting Party went with them; they are coming back however & we shall probably be sent on occasionally with recruits; most likely after we go on we shall remain, but just when that will be I cannot say. Last Sabbath I spent at Bellows Falls, stopped at Mr. Flemings. I am now drilling recruits, work two hours per day; I am stopping at Camp, have pleasant quarters; last evening I attended a lecture by Mr. Adams - Secretary of Board of Education - at the village. Rose how are you getting along. I hope you are getting better - Write me very soon. Much love to all.
Bratleboro Vt. Dec. 22nd 1863
My Dear Father;
I have received a Commission as 2nd Lieut Battery A 1st Arty 11th Vt. Vols. I start for Washington today with Recruits; I expect to return to Brattleboro. I hope to be able to go home before I go to Washington to stay. I received Rose's letter today.
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