Organization and Service
Organized at St. Johnsbury and mustered in July 16, 1861. Moved to Washington, District of Columbia, July 24-26. Attached to W. F. Smith's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Brook's Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Georgetown Heights and at Camp Griffin, defences of Washington, until Mar. 10, 1862. Skirmish at Lewinsville Sep. 11, 1861. Reconnoissance to Lewinsville Sep. 25. Moved to Alexandria Mar. 10, 1862, thence to Fortress Monroe, VA, Mar. 23-24. Action at Young's Mill Apr. 4. Siege of Yorktown Apr. 5-May 4. Lee's Mills Apr. 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond Jun. 25-Jul. 1. Garnett's Farm Jun. 27. Savage Station Jun. 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge Jun. 30. Malvern Hill Jul. 1. At Harrison's Landing until Aug. 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria Aug. 16-24. Maryland Campaign Sep.-Oct. Crampton's Pass Sep. 14. Battle of Antietam Sep. 16-17. At Hagerstown, MD, Sep. 26 to Oct. 29. Movement to Falmouth, VA, Oct. 29-Nov. 19. Battle of Fredericksburg Dec. 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," Jan. 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign Apr. 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing Apr. 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing Jun. 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Jul. 2-4. Funkstown, MD, Jul. 10-13. Ordered to NY City Aug. 14, and duty there until Sep. 13. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fairfax C.H. Sep. 13-17, and to Culpeper C.H. Sep. 22. Bristoe Campaign Oct. 9-22. Advance to the Rappahannock Nov. 7-8. Rappahannock Station Nov. 7. Mine Run Campaign Nov. 26-Dec. 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-Jun., 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C.H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania C.H., May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor Jun. 1-12. Before Petersburg Jun. 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road Jun. 22-23. Siege of Petersburg until Jul. 9. Moved to Washington, DC, Jul. 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens Jul. 11-12. Nonveterans mustered out Jul. 27, 1864. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Aug. 7-Nov. 28. Near Charlestown Aug. 21-22. Opequan Creek Sep. 1. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan Creek, Sep. 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, Sep. 19. Fisher's Hill Sep. 22. Battle of Cedar Creek Oct. 19. At Strasburg to Nov. 9 and at Kernstown until Dec. 9. Moved to Petersburg, VA, Dec. 9-12. Siege of Petersburg Dec. 13, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, Mar. 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign Mar. 28-Apr. 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg Apr. 2. Sailor's Creek Apr. 6. Appomattox C.H. Apr. 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville Junction until Apr. 23. Mar. to Danville Apr. 23-27, and duty there until May 18. Moved to Manchester May 18, thence Marched to Washington, DC, May 24-Jun. 2. Corps Review Jun. 8. Mustered out Jul. 11, 1865.
Regiment lost during service: 196 men killed and mortally wounded 3 died from accident, 11 died in Confederate prison and 152 died by disease. Total lost: 362
Source: Frederick H. Dyer, A compendium of the War of the Rebellion: compiled and arranged from official records of the federal and Confederate armies, reports of the adjutant generals of the several states, the army registers, and other reliable documents and sources, (Dyer Pub. Co., Des Moines, IA, 1908), Part 3, pp. 1647-1654.