Organization and Service
Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in September 21, 1861. Moved to Washington, District of Columbia, September 21-23. Attached to Brook's Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Camp Griffin Defences of Washington until Mar. 10, 1862. Reconnoissance to Vienna, VA, Oct. 19, 1861. Moved to Alexandria Mar. 10, 1862, thence to Fortress Monroe Mar. 23-24. Reconnoissance to Big Bethel Mar. 27-28. Reconnoissance to Warwick Mar. 30. Young's Mills Apr. 4. Siege of Yorktown Apr. 5-May 4. Lee's Mills Apr. 16. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Seven days before Richmond Jun. 25-Jul. 1. Garnett's Farm Jun. 27. Savage Station Jun. 29. White Oak Swamp Bridge Jun. 30. Malvern Hill Jul. 1. At Harrison's Landing until Aug. 16. Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria Aug. 16-24. Maryland Campaign Sep.-Oct. Crampton's Pass, MD, Sep. 14. Battle of Antietam Sep. 16-17. At Hagerstown, MD, Sep. 26-Oct. 29. Movement to Falmouth Oct. 29-Nov. 19. Battle of Fredericksburg Dec. 12-15. Burnside's Second Campaign, "Mud March," Jan. 20-24,1863. Chancellorsville Campaign Apr. 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing Apr. 29-May 2. Maryes Heights. Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing Jun. 5-13. Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Jul. 2-4. Funkstown Jul. 10-13. Detached for duty at NY Aug. 14-Sep. 16. Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fairfax C.H., VA, and to Culpeper C.H. Sep. 16-23. Bristoe Campaign Oct. 9-22. Advance to the Rappahannock Nov. 7-8. Rappahannock Station Nov. 7. Mine Run Campaign Nov. 26-Dec. 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-Jun., 1864. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Spotsylvania C.H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania, May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor Jun. 1-12. Before Petersburg Jun. 18-19. Jerusalem Plank Road Jun. 22-23. Siege of Petersburg until Jul. 9. Moved to Washington, DC, Jul. 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens Jul. 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign Aug. 7-Nov. 28. Near Charlestown Aug. 21-22. Gilbert's Ford, Opequan River, Sep. 13. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, Sep. 19. Fisher's Hill Sep. 22. Battle of Cedar Creek Oct. 19. Nonveterans mustered out Sep. 30, 1864. Duty at Strasburg until Nov. 9 and at Kernstown until Dec. 9. Moved to Petersburg, VA, Dec. 9-12. Siege of Petersburg Dec. 13, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865. Fort Fisher, before Petersburg, Mar. 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign Mar. 28-Apr. 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg Apr. 2. Sailor's Creek Apr. 6. Appomattox C.H. Apr. 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville Junction until Apr. 28. Mar. to Danville Apr. 23-27, and duty there until May 18. Moved to Manchester May 18, thence Mar. to Washington May 24-Jun. 3. Corps Review Jun. 8. Mustered out Jul. 13, 1865.
Regiment lost during service: 159 men killed and mortally wounded, 2 died from accident, 61 died in Confederate prisons, and 201 died from disease. Total lost: 423.
Source: Frederick H. Dyer, A compendium of the War of the Rebellion: compiled and arranged from official records of the federal and Confederate armies, reports of the adjutant generals of the several states, the army registers, and other reliable documents and sources, (Dyer Pub. Co., Des Moines, IA, 1908), Part 3, pp. 1647-1654.