Organization and Service
Organized at Brattleboro and mustered in July 9, 1862. Moved to Washington, District of Columbia, July 15-17. Attached to Piatt's Brigade, Winchester, Virginia, to September, 1862. Miles' Command, Harper's Ferry, W. Virginia, September, 1862. Camp Douglas, Ill., to April, 1863. Wardrop's Reserve Brigade, 7th Army Corps, Department of Virginia, to June, 1863. Wistar's Independent Brigade, 7th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Yorktown, Virginia, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1863. District of Beaufort, North Carolina, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to July, 1864. Defences of New Berne, North Carolina, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 24th Army Corps, Department of Virginia, to July, 1865. 2nd Independent Brigade, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865. Department of Virginia to December, 1865.
SERVICE.--Moved from Washington, DC, to Cloud's Mills, VA, Jul. 19, 1862; thence to Winchester, VA, Jul. 23, and duty there until Sep. 2. Retreat to Harper's Ferry, WVA, Sep. 2. Defence of Harper's Ferry Sep. 13-15. Bolivar Heights Sep. 14. Surrendered Sep. 15. Paroled Sep. 16, and sent to Annapolis, MD; thence to Chicago, Ill., Sep. 25. Guard Rebel prisoners at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill., until Mar. 28, 1863. Declared exchanged Jan. 10, 1863. Guard Rebel prisoners to City Point, VA, Mar. 28-Apr. 7. Moved to Fortress Monroe Apr. 7-9, thence to Suffolk, VA, Apr. 12. Siege of Suffolk Apr. 13-May 4. Edenton Road Apr. 24. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Duty at Suffolk until Jun. 17. Operations on Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad May 15-18. Antioch Church and Barber's Cross Roads May 23. Moved to Yorktown Jun. 17, thence to West Point Jun. 25, and outpost duty there until Jul. 7. Duty at Yorktown until Oct. 23. Expedition to Gloucester C.H. Jul. 25. Ordered to New Berne, NC, Oct. 23, and reached Morehead City Oct. 26. Duty at Newport Barracks until Jul., 1864. Cedar Point Dec. 1, 1863. Destruction of salt works on Bear Inlet, NC, Dec. 25 (Detachment). Expedition to Onslow County Jan. 27, 1864. Newport Barracks Feb. 2. Bogue Sound Blockhouse Feb. 2 (Cos. "B" and "II"). Gale's Creek, near New Berne, Feb. 2 (Detachment). Ordered to New Berne, NC, Jul. 11, and duty there until Sep. 17; "A" at Evans Mills, "B" and "C" near Fort Spinola, "D" and "G" at Red House, "E" and "I" at Rocky Run, "F" at Fort Spinola, "H" at Buckwood and "K" on the Trent, Moved to Bermuda Hundred Sep. 13-15. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond Sep. 15, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865. Duty at Bailey's Cross Roads Sep. 20-26, 1864. (A Detachment in Fort Dutton, Bermuda Hundred front, Sep. 27 to Nov. 28, 1864.) Battle of Chaffin's Farm and Fort Harrison Sep. 28-30. Battle of Fair Oaks Oct. 27-28. Detached for duty at NY City Nov. 2-17 during presidential election of 1864. Duty in trenches before Richmond until Apr., 1865. Occupation of Richmond Apr. 3. Provost duty there until Aug. Non-Veterans mustered out Jun. 13, 1865. Regiment consolidated to a Battalion of four Companies, and provost duty at Norfolk, Drummondsville and Portsmouth until Dec. Mustered out Dec. 1, 1865.
Regiment lost during service: 23 men killed and mortally wounded, 5 died by accident, 2 committed suicide, 36 died in Confederate prisons and 232 died by disease. Total 298.
Source: Frederick H. Dyer, A compendium of the War of the Rebellion: compiled and arranged from official records of the federal and Confederate armies, reports of the adjutant generals of the several states, the army registers, and other reliable documents and sources, (Dyer Pub. Co., Des Moines, IA, 1908), Part 3, pp. 1647-1654.