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Vermont African Americans

Organization and Service (Dyer's Compendium)
Colored Regiments

Webmaster's Note: for those units with casualties, these are for the regiment as a whole, not just Vermonters assigned to them.


54th Massachusetts Infantry [Colored]
Organized at Readville and mustered in May 13, 1863. Left Boston on Steamer "De Molay" for Hilton Head, South Carolina, May 28, arriving there June 3. Attached to U. S. Forces, St. Helena Island, South Carolina, 10th Army Corps, Department of the South, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade 1st Division, Morris Island, South Carolina, 10th Army Corps, July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Morris Island, South Carolina, to August, 1863. 4th Brigade, Morris Island, South Carolina, to November, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Morris Island, South Carolina, to January, 1864. Montgomery's Brigade, District of Hilton Head, South Carolina, to February, 1864. Montgomery's Brigade, District of Florida, February, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Ames' Division, District of Florida, to April, 1864. Folly and Morris Islands, South Carolina, Northern District, Department South, to October, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, Department South, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Coast Division, Department South, to February, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, Northern District, Department South, to March, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, South Carolina, Department South, to June, 1865. 3rd Sub-District, District of, Charleston, Department South Carolina, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--At Thompson's Plantation near Beaufort, SC, Jun. 4-8, 1863. Moved to St. Simon's Island Jun. 8-9. Expedition up Altamaha River Jun. 10-11. At St. Simon's Island Jun. 12-24. At St. Helena Island Jun. 25-Jul. 8. To Stono Inlet Jul. 8. Expedition against James Island Jul. 9-16. Affair Legaresville Jul. 13. Secessionville Jul. 16. Moved to Morris Island Jul. 16-18. Assault on Fort Wagner Jul. 18. Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, Jul. 18-Sep. 7, and against Fort Sumpter and Charleston Sep. 7, 1863, to Jan. 28, 1864. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg Sep. 7, 1863. Moved to Hilton Head, SC, Jan. 28, 1864. Expedition to Jacksonville, Florida, Feb. 5-7. Capture of Jacksonville Feb. 6. Expedition to Lake City, Florida, Feb. 7-22. Battle of Oolustee Feb. 20. Duty at Jacksonville till Apr. 17. Moved to Morris Island Apr. 17-18. Duty on Morris and Folly Islands, SC, till Nov., 1864. Expedition to James Island Jun. 30-Jul. 10. Actions on James Island Jul. 2, 9 and 10. Six Companies in charge of rebel prisoners under fire of Charleston Batteries Sep. 7 to Oct. 20. Eight Companies moved to Hilton Head, Nov. 27. (Cos. "B" and "F" at Morris Island till Feb., 1865.) Expedition to Boyd's Neck, SC, Nov. 29-30. Boyd's Landing Nov. 29. Battle of Honey Hill Nov. 30. Demonstration on Charleston Camp; Savannah Railroad Dec. 6-9. Moved to Graham's Neck Dec. 20. Connect with Sherman's Army at Pocotaligo, SC, Jan. 15, 1865. Mar. to Charleston Jan. 15-Feb. 23, skirmishing all the way. (Cos. "B" and "F" occupy Charleston Feb. 18.) Regiment on duty at Charleston Feb. 27 to Mar. 12. At Savannah, GA, Mar. 13-27. At Georgetown, SC, Mar. 31-Apr. 5. Potter's Expedition to Camden Apr. 5-25. Seven Mile Bridge Apr. 6. Destruction of Eppes' Bridge, Black River, Apr. 7. Dingle's Mills Apr. 9. Destruction of Rolling Stock at Wateree Junction Apr. 11. Singleton's Plantation Apr. 12. Statesburg Apr. 15. Occupation of Camden Apr. 17. Boykin's Mills Apr. 18. At Georgetown Apr. 25. Duty at Georgetown, Charleston, and various points in SC Apr. 25 to Aug. 17. Mustered out at Mount Pleasant, SC, Aug. 20, 1865. Discharged at Boston, Massachusetts, Sep. 1, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 104 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 160 Enlisted men by disease. Total 270.

55th Massachusetts Infantry [Colored]
Organized at Readville and mustered in June 22, 1863. Left State for Newberne, North Carolina, July 21, 1863, arriving there July 25, thence moved to Folly Island, South Carolina, July 30-August 3. Attached to Wild's African Brigade, Vodge's Division, North End, Folly Island, South Carolina, 10th Army Corps, Department of the South, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Vodge's Division, Folly Island, 10th Army Corps, to February, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Ames' Division, District of Florida, to April, 1864. Folly and Morris Islands, South Carolina, Northern District, Department of the South, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Coast Division, Department South, to January, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, Department of the South, to March, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, Department South, to June, 1865. District of Charleston, South Carolina, Department South Carolina, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Fatigue duty on north end of Folly Island, SC, and in trenches on Morris Island Aug. 9 to Sep. 5, 1863. Fatigue duty on Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, SC, and operations against Fort Sumpter and Charleston Sep. 17-Oct. 28. Camp on Folly Island till Feb., 1864. Expedition to John's Island Feb. (Co. "F"). Moved to Jacksonville, Florida, Feb. 13-16, and Provost duty there till Mar. 11. Advance to Baldwin Feb. 19-20. (Co. "F" detached as garrison at Fort Fribley, Jacksonville, Feb. to Apr.) Companies "B" and "I" at Yellow Bluff Feb. 28 to Apr. 17. Regiment ordered to Palatka, Florida, Mar. 11, and duty there till Apr. 17. Moved to Folly Island, SC, Apr. 17-18. Duty there till Nov. 27. Demonstration on James Island May 21-22. Expedition to James Island Jun. 30-Jul. 10. Action on James Island Jul. 2. Moved to Hilton Head, SC, Nov. 27-28. (Co. "G" detached at Battery on Long Island, and Co. "H" at Fort Delafield, Stono Inlet, till Feb. 12, 1865.) Hatch's Expedition up Broad River to Boyd's Neck Nov. 29-30. Battle of Honey Hill Nov. 30. Demonstration on Charleston Camp; Savannah Railroad Dec. 6-9. Deveaux's Neck Dec. 6. At Boyd's Landing till Jan. 11, 1865. Moved to Hilton Head, thence to Fort Thunderbolt, near Savannah, GA, Jan. 11-13. Duty at Forts Jackson, Bartow and Battery Lee till Feb. 1. Moved to Hilton Head, SC, thence to Beaufort, SC, Feb. 1. Expedition up South Edisto River Feb. 1-6. Moved to Stono Inlet Feb. 6. Expedition to James Island Feb. 9-10. Expedition to Bull's Bay Feb. 11-15. Moved to Mount Pleasant Feb. 19-20. Expedition to Santee River Feb. 21-March 10. Duty at and near Charleston till May 7. Expedition to Eutaw Springs Apr. 6-12. Moved to Sumpterville May 7-8, thence to Orangeburg May 19, and Provost duty there till Aug. Mustered out Aug. 29, 1865. Discharged at Boston, Massachusetts, Sep. 23, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 64 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 128 Enlisted men by disease. Total 197.

1st U. S. Colored Infantry
Organized in the District of Columbia May 19 to June 30, 1863. Ordered to Department of Virginia and attached to United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, July to October, 1863. United States Forces, Yorktown, Virginia, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, Hincks' Colored Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Department of North Carolina, to August, 1865. Department of North Carolina to muster out.

SERVICE.--Duty at Norfolk, Portsmouth and Yorktown, VA, till Apr., 1864. Expedition from Norfolk to South Mills, Camden C.H., etc., NC, Dec. 5-24, 1863. Butler's operations south of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond, VA, May 4-Jun. 15. Action at Wilson's Wharf May 24. Assaults on Petersburg Jun. 15-18. Siege of Petersburg and Richmond Jun. 16 to Dec. 7, 1864. Explosion of Mine, Petersburg, Jul. 30. Demonstration on north side of the James River Sep. 28-30. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, Sep. 28-30. Fort Harrison Sep. 29. Battle of Fair Oaks Oct. 27-28. Expedition to Fort Fisher, NC, Dec. 7-27. 2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, NC, Jan. 7-15, 1865. Assault on and capture of Fort Fisher Jan. 15. Sugar Loaf Hill Jan. 19. Sugar Loaf Battery Feb. 11. Fort Anderson Feb. 18-20. Capture of Wilmington Feb. 22. Northeast Ferry Feb. 22. Campaign of the Carolinas Mar. 1-Apr. 26. Advance on Goldsboro Mar. 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro Mar. 21. Cox's Bridge Mar. 23-24. Advance on Raleigh Apr. 9-13. Occupation of Raleigh Apr. 13. Bennett's House Apr. 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty in thc Department of NC till Sep. Mustered out Sep. 29, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 67 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 113 Enlisted men by disease. Total 185.

10th U. S. Colored Infantry
Organized in Virginia November 18, 1863. Attached to Drummondstown, Virginia, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, December, 1863, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, Hincks' Colored Division, 18th Corps, Army James, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to July, 1864. Unattached, 18th Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to January, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, January, 1865. Attached Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to June, 1865. Department of Texas to May, 1866.

SERVICE.--Camp near Crany Island till Jan. 12, 1864. Moved to Drummondstown, eastern shore of VA, and duty there till Apr. At Yorktown, VA, till May. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4 to Jun. 15. Capture of Fort Powhatan May 5. Wilson's Wharf May 24 (Detachment). At Fort Powhatan till Jul. 6. On Bermuda front in operations against Petersburg and Richmond till Aug. 27. At City Point, VA, till Apr. 2, 1865. Moved to Bermuda Hundred, thence to Richmond Apr. 2-3. Return to City Point Apr. 6, and duty there till Jun. 1. Moved to TX, and duty at various points on the Rio Grande till May, 1866. Mustered out May 17, 1866. (A detachment at Plymouth, NC, Nov. 26, 1863, to Apr. 20, 1864, participated in the siege of Plymouth Apr. 17-20, 1864, and surrender Apr. 20, 1864.)

41st U. S. Colored Infantry
Organized at Camp William Penn, Philadelphia, Pa., September 30 to December 7, 1864. Ordered to join Army of the James, in Virginia, October 18,, 1864. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 25th Corps, and Dept. of Texas, to December, 1865.

SERVICE.--Guard duty at Deep Bottom, Va., until October 20, 1864. Moved to Fort Burnham on line north of James River, before Richmond, October 27. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. In trenches before Richmond, and picket duty on Chaffin's Farm, until January 1, 1865. Near Fort Burnham until March 27. Moved to Hatcher's Run March 27-28. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Petersburg April 11, and duty there until May 25. Embarked for Texas May 25, arriving at Brazos Santiago June 3. Moved to Edenburg and guard and provost duty there until November. Consolidated to a Battalion of four Companies September 30. Mustered out at Brownsville, Texas, November 10, 1865. Disbanded at Philadelphia, Pa., December 14, 1865.

43rd U. S. Colored Infantry
Organized at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 12 to June 3, 1864. Moved to Annapolis, Md., April 18. Attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to January, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps and Department of Texas, to October, 1865.

SERVICE.--Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River, VA, May-Jun., 1864. Guard trains of the Army of the Potomac through the Wilderness and to Petersburg. Before Petersburg Jun. 15-19. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond Jun. 16, 1864, to Apr. 2, 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, Jul. 30, 1864. Weldon Railroad Aug. 18-21. Poplar Grove Church Sep. 29-30 and Oct. 1. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, Oct. 27-28. On the Bermuda Hundred front and before Richmond till Mar., 1865. Moved to Hatcher's Run Mar. 27-28. Appomattox Campaign Mar. 28-Apr. 9. Hatcher's Run Mar. 29-31. Fall of Petersburg Apr. 2. Pursuit of Lee Apr. 3-9. Appomattox C.H. Apr. 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty at Petersburg and City Point till May 30. Moved to TX May 30-Jun. 10. Duty on the Rio Grande opposite Mattamoras, Mexico, till Oct. Mustered out Oct. 20, 1865, and discharged at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Nov. 30, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 48 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 188 Enlisted men by disease. Total 239.

45th U. S. Colored Infantry
Organized at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 13 to August 19, 1864. Moved to Washington, D. C. (4 Cos.), July, 1864. Attached to Provisional Brigade, Casey's Division, 22nd Corps, and garrison duty at Arlington Heights, Virginia, till March, 1865. Rejoined Regiment at Chaffin's Farm, Virginia, March 14, 1865. Six Companies moved to City Point, Virginia, September 20, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Army of the James, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 25th Corps, and Department of Texas, to November, 1865.

SERVICE.--Demonstration on north side of the James River and battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, Sep. 28-30, 1864. Fort Harrison Sep. 29. Darbytown Road Oct. 13. Battle of Fair Oaks Oct. 27-28. In trenches before Richmond till Mar., 1865. Moved to Hatcher's Run Mar. 27-28. Appomattox Campaign Mar. 28-Apr. 9. Hatcher's Run Mar. 29-31. Fall of Petersburg Apr. 2. Pursuit of Lee Apr. 3-9. Appomattox C.H. Apr. 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty at Petersburg and City Point till May. Moved to TX May and Jun. Duty at Edinburg on Mexican Frontier till Sep. 8, and at Brownsville, TX, till Nov. Mustered out Nov. 4, 1865.

46th U. S. Colored Infantry
Organized from 1st Arkansas Infantry, African Descent, May 11, 1864. Attached to Post of Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, District of Vicksburg, Mississippi, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, U. S. Colored Troops, District of Vicksburg, Mississippi, till January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Post and Defences of Memphis, Tennessee, District of West Tennessee, to February, 1865. New Orleans, Louisiana, Department of the Gulf, to May, 1865. Department of Texas, to January, 1866. Predecessor unit: ARKANSAS VOLUNTEERS 1st REGIMENT INFANTRY (AFRICAN DESCENT). Organized in Arkansas at large May 1, 1863. Attached to Post of Goodrich Landing, District of Northeast Louisiana, Department Tennessee, to January, 1864. 1st Colored Brigade, District of Vicksburg, Mississippi, to May, 1864. SERVICE.-Moved to Lake Providence, Louisiana, May 8-10, 1863, thence to Goodrich Landing and Post duty there till January, 1864. Skirmish at Mound Plantation June 24, 1863. Lake Providence and Mound Plantation June 28. Action at Goodrich Landing June 29. Duty at Haines Bluff, District of Vicksburg, till May, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 46th U. S. Colored Troops May 11, 1864

SERVICE.--Post and garrison duty at Milliken's Bend, LA, and at Haines' Bluff, MS, till Jan., 1865. Actions at Mound Plantation. MS, Jun. 24 and 29, 1864. Ordered to Memphis, Tennessee, Jan., 1865, and garrison duty there till Feb., 1865. Ordered to New Orleans, LA, Feb. 23, and duty there till May 4. Ordered to Brazos Santiago, TX, May 4. Duty at Clarksville and Brownsville on the Rio Grande, TX, till Jan., 1866. Mustered out Jan. 30, 1866.