Brown, Robert R.
Age: 21, credited to Fair Haven, VT
Unit(s): 45th USCI, 41st USCI
Service: enl 8/24/64 for one year, m/i, 9/30/64, Pvt, Co. B, 54th Mass. Inf., tr to Co. B, 45th USCI at New Haven, CT, then Co. F, 41st USCI, m/o 9/30/65, Edinburg, TX; (5' 6" Black eyes, Dark hair, Dark complexion; laborer)
See Legend for expansion of abbreviationsVITALS
Birth: 1845, Castleton, VT
Burial: Hillside Cemetery, Castleton, VT
Marker/Plot: Not recorded
Gravestone researcher/photographer: Tom Boudreau
Findagrave Memorial #: 10498566
Alias?: None noted
Pension?: Yes, 3/1/1907, VT
College?: Not Found
Veterans Home?: Not Found
(If there are state digraphs above, this soldier spent some time in a state or national soldiers' home in that state after the war)
2nd Great Granduncle of Rosario Castronovo, NY
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Hillside Cemetery, Castleton, VT
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Robert R. Brown was born in Castleton, Vermont, around 1843, the son of Richard and Phoebe Walters Brown. In 1850, the family was in Castleton, and included Robert and three sisters, Lucy, Julia and Esther. They were still in Castleton in 1860, except for Lucy.
He was 21, and by occupation a laborer, when he enlisted 8/24/1864 in Fair Haven, for one year. He was described as having black eyes, dark hair, dark complexion, and stood 5' 6" tall. He was paid $33.33 bounty, with an additional $66.66 due at a future date (most likely completion of service).
Initially assigned to Co. B, 54th Mass. Inf., Brown was transferred to Co. B, 45th U.S.C.T. at New Haven, CT, on 30 September 1864. On 2 October 1864, at Camp William Penn, Philadelphia, he was transferred to Co. F, 41st U.S.C.T., which was just being organized.
While attached to the 41st U.S.C.T., Robert was engaged in guard duty at Deep Bottom, Va., until October 20, 1864. The regiment moved to Fort Burnham, north of the James River, before Richmond, October 27. They were engaged during the battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28, and in the trenches before Richmond, and on picket duty on Chaffin's Farm, until January 1, 1865. Near Fort Burnham till March 27. They were at Hatcher's Run March 27-28., the Appomattax Campaign March 28-April 9, Hatcher's Run again, March 29-31, present at the fall of Petersburg on April 2, the pursuit of Lee April 3-9, and at Appomattox Court House April 9. After the surrender of Lee's army, they returned to Petersburg and saw duty there till May 25. The regiment embarked transports for Texas on May 25, arriving at Brazos Santiago June 3. The were assigned to guard and provost duty at Edinburg. Brown's service record indicates he was present for all musters until his discharge, at Edinburg, Texas, on 30 Sep 1865, 'by reason of expiration term of service.'
Brown returned to Vermont, and spent most of his remaining life in Castleton. Robert was related, by marriage, to the Castleton Jacksons, some of whom also served in the war.
He died a widower, of chronic endocarditis, on 28 January 1919. His obituary appeared in the Rutland Daily Herald, on 30 Januay 1919.
Castleton - Robert Brown died at his home east of the village Tuesday night at 11:30 o'clock after a few weeks' illness. He was 74 years of age and had lived in Castleton the greater part of his life. He was a veteran of the Civil war. For some time he had lived alone in a house near the home of Frank Woodbury, who had been taking care of him during his illness. He is survived by two sisters of Saratoga, N.Y. The body was taken to Seaman's undertaking rooms at Fair Haven. Funeral arrangements will be given later.
Funeral home records show that Brown was charged $125.00 for all expenses, including the use of an "auto-hearse", making his one of the first modern (non-horse) funeral processions in town.
He is buried in Hillside Cemetery, Castleton. His tombstone, adorned with a U.S. flag and G.A.R. flagholder, is inscribed "Robert Brown, 41st U.S.C.T., Died January 28, 1919, Aged 74."
Sources: Compiled Military Service Record for Robert Brown; death certificate from Vermont Vital Records; Naitonal Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System; Jim Fuller's "Men of color, to arms!: Vermont African-Americans in the Civil War"; obituary courtesy of Jennifer Snoots; tombstone photograph courtesy of Tom Boudreau.