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Adjutant and Inspector General Reports

1864 Report

Troops in the Field

Seventh Infantry Regiment

The SEVENTH REGIMENT have been stationed, until August 10thin the District of West Florida, Department of the Gulf, and have performed principally garrison and picket duty, -- the Head Quarters of the regiment being at Camp Roberts, Barrancas, Florida.

Companies D and F, had been previously detached to garrison Fort Pickens, and Companies C and I to garrison Barrancas Redoubt. In May, 1864, Company K was attached to the garrison at Fort Pickens, and Company G detached to garrison Fort Barrancas. Several other detachments have been made, from time to time, to garrison, temporarily, batteries along the line. They regiment has had no service, as a body, during the year. Its service has been mainly in Artillery; and most of the Companies have become proficient in Heavy and Light Artillery drill.

The occasional expeditions into the interior, by detachments from the regiment, have been successful, with a single exception. In January, Lieut. Ross, with Company B, was sent to Point Washington, at the head of Choctawhatchie Bay, to protect and forward refugees, who wished to enter the Union lines and enlist in the army. He advanced from that point twenty-five miles into the interior and captured a company of rebel infantry, numbering about fifty. On his return he was surprised by a superior force of rebel cavalry, and captured, with eleven of his men and all of his prisoners.

In February, all the enlisted men, who were original members of the regiment, except 59, re-enlisted, under General Order No. 191 of the War Department, --it having been decided, that the term of service of the regiment would expire June 1, 1864. The re-enlisted men were entitled to embark immediately for Vermont, to receive furloughs, but, by a series of vexatious delays, the regiment, including those who had not re-enlisted, were unable to embark until August 10th. They arrived at Brattleboro' August 26th, and those who had re-enlisted were furloughed, and the residue, 59 in number, were mustered out of service, on the 30th. The recruits, who had joined the regiment subsequent to its organization, remained at Barrancas, under command of Capt. Young, of Company H, performing garrison and provost guard duty.

The furloughs having expired, the regiment re-assembled at Brattleboro on the 27thof September, and left the State, for New Orleans, on the thirtieth.

The following table shows the condition of the regiment at the several dates specified:--

ABCDEFGHI
Sep. 30, '63 Barrancas, Fla. 494 440 30 13 4 7 -
Oct. 31, '63 " 492 443 22 11 3 13 -
Nov. 30, '63 " 486 456 16 2 2 10 -
Dec. 31, '63 " 487 455 14 2 2 14 -
Jan. 31, '64 " 484 458 10 3 1 12 -
Feb. 29, '64 " 592 559 11 1 1 20 -
Mar. 31, '64 " 611 569 20 15 1 6 -
April 30, '64 " 608 570 17 7 1 1 12
May 31, '64 " 606 568 18 7 1 - 12
Jun 30, '64 " 615 555 41 7 - - 12
Jul 31, '64 " 612 568 23 3 14 4 -

Legend:

A - Date
B - Station.
C - Aggregate
D - On Duty
E - Sick
F - Absent with Leave
G - Absent without Leave
H - In arrest or confinement
I - Prisoner of War

The casualties in the regiment, during the year, have been as follows: -- Mustered out of service, 59; discharged, 27; Deserted, 75; died, 12; Total, 173.

The report of Col. William C. Holbrook of the operations of the regiment during the year, and also the complimentary order of Brig. Gen. Asboth, upon occasion of the departure of the regiment from Barrancas, will be found in Appendix C.

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